Commit cca19ab2 authored by Yabin Cui's avatar Yabin Cui Committed by Greg Kroah-Hartman

perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head

[ Upstream commit 1b038c6e05ff70a1e66e3e571c2e6106bdb75f53 ]

In perf_output_put_handle(), an IRQ/NMI can happen in below location and
write records to the same ring buffer:

	...
	local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest)
	...                          <-- an IRQ/NMI can happen here
	rb->user_page->data_head = head;
	...

In this case, a value A is written to data_head in the IRQ, then a value
B is written to data_head after the IRQ. And A > B. As a result,
data_head is temporarily decreased from A to B. And a reader may see
data_head < data_tail if it read the buffer frequently enough, which
creates unexpected behaviors.

This can be fixed by moving dec(&rb->nest) to after updating data_head,
which prevents the IRQ/NMI above from updating data_head.

[ Split up by peterz. ]
Signed-off-by: 's avatarYabin Cui <yabinc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarPeter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vince Weaver <vincent.weaver@maine.edu>
Cc: mark.rutland@arm.com
Fixes: ef60777c ("perf: Optimize the perf_output() path by removing IRQ-disables")
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190517115418.224478157@infradead.orgSigned-off-by: 's avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: 's avatarSasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
parent a35e7822
......@@ -52,11 +52,18 @@ static void perf_output_put_handle(struct perf_output_handle *handle)
head = local_read(&rb->head);
/*
* IRQ/NMI can happen here, which means we can miss a head update.
* IRQ/NMI can happen here and advance @rb->head, causing our
* load above to be stale.
*/
if (!local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest))
/*
* If this isn't the outermost nesting, we don't have to update
* @rb->user_page->data_head.
*/
if (local_read(&rb->nest) > 1) {
local_dec(&rb->nest);
goto out;
}
/*
* Since the mmap() consumer (userspace) can run on a different CPU:
......@@ -88,9 +95,18 @@ static void perf_output_put_handle(struct perf_output_handle *handle)
rb->user_page->data_head = head;
/*
* Now check if we missed an update -- rely on previous implied
* compiler barriers to force a re-read.
* We must publish the head before decrementing the nest count,
* otherwise an IRQ/NMI can publish a more recent head value and our
* write will (temporarily) publish a stale value.
*/
barrier();
local_set(&rb->nest, 0);
/*
* Ensure we decrement @rb->nest before we validate the @rb->head.
* Otherwise we cannot be sure we caught the 'last' nested update.
*/
barrier();
if (unlikely(head != local_read(&rb->head))) {
local_inc(&rb->nest);
goto again;
......
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