watchdog.c 24.8 KB
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/*
 * Detect hard and soft lockups on a system
 *
 * started by Don Zickus, Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
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 * Note: Most of this code is borrowed heavily from the original softlockup
 * detector, so thanks to Ingo for the initial implementation.
 * Some chunks also taken from the old x86-specific nmi watchdog code, thanks
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 * to those contributors as well.
 */

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#define pr_fmt(fmt) "watchdog: " fmt
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#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
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#include <linux/smpboot.h>
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#include <linux/sched/rt.h>
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#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>
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#include <linux/tick.h>
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#include <linux/workqueue.h>
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#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
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#include <linux/sched/debug.h>
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#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
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#include <linux/kvm_para.h>
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#include <linux/kthread.h>
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static DEFINE_MUTEX(watchdog_mutex);
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int __read_mostly nmi_watchdog_enabled;

#if defined(CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR) || defined(CONFIG_HAVE_NMI_WATCHDOG)
unsigned long __read_mostly watchdog_enabled = SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED |
						NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
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#else
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unsigned long __read_mostly watchdog_enabled = SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
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#endif
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#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
/*
 * Should we panic when a soft-lockup or hard-lockup occurs:
 */
unsigned int __read_mostly hardlockup_panic =
			CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_HARDLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE;
/*
 * We may not want to enable hard lockup detection by default in all cases,
 * for example when running the kernel as a guest on a hypervisor. In these
 * cases this function can be called to disable hard lockup detection. This
 * function should only be executed once by the boot processor before the
 * kernel command line parameters are parsed, because otherwise it is not
 * possible to override this in hardlockup_panic_setup().
 */
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void __init hardlockup_detector_disable(void)
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{
	watchdog_enabled &= ~NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
}

static int __init hardlockup_panic_setup(char *str)
{
	if (!strncmp(str, "panic", 5))
		hardlockup_panic = 1;
	else if (!strncmp(str, "nopanic", 7))
		hardlockup_panic = 0;
	else if (!strncmp(str, "0", 1))
		watchdog_enabled &= ~NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
	else if (!strncmp(str, "1", 1))
		watchdog_enabled |= NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
	return 1;
}
__setup("nmi_watchdog=", hardlockup_panic_setup);

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# ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int __read_mostly sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace;
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static int __init hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace_setup(char *str)
{
	sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace = !!simple_strtol(str, NULL, 0);
	return 1;
}
__setup("hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace=", hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace_setup);
# endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#endif /* CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR */
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int __read_mostly watchdog_user_enabled;
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int __read_mostly watchdog_thresh = 10;
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struct cpumask watchdog_cpumask __read_mostly;
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unsigned long *watchdog_cpumask_bits = cpumask_bits(&watchdog_cpumask);

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/*
 * The 'watchdog_running' variable is set to 1 when the watchdog threads
 * are registered/started and is set to 0 when the watchdog threads are
 * unregistered/stopped, so it is an indicator whether the threads exist.
 */
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static int __read_mostly watchdog_running;
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/*
 * These functions can be overridden if an architecture implements its
 * own hardlockup detector.
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 *
 * watchdog_nmi_enable/disable can be implemented to start and stop when
 * softlockup watchdog threads start and stop. The arch must select the
 * SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR Kconfig.
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 */
int __weak watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu)
{
	return 0;
}
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void __weak watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu)
{
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	hardlockup_detector_perf_disable();
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}

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/*
 * watchdog_nmi_reconfigure can be implemented to be notified after any
 * watchdog configuration change. The arch hardlockup watchdog should
 * respond to the following variables:
 * - nmi_watchdog_enabled
 * - watchdog_thresh
 * - watchdog_cpumask
 * - sysctl_hardlockup_all_cpu_backtrace
 * - hardlockup_panic
 */
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void __weak watchdog_nmi_reconfigure(void) { }
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#ifdef CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR

/* Helper for online, unparked cpus. */
#define for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu) \
	for_each_cpu_and((cpu), cpu_online_mask, &watchdog_cpumask)

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/* Global variables, exported for sysctl */
unsigned int __read_mostly softlockup_panic =
			CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_SOFTLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE;
int __read_mostly soft_watchdog_enabled;

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struct cpumask watchdog_allowed_mask __read_mostly;
static bool softlockup_threads_initialized __read_mostly;

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static u64 __read_mostly sample_period;
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static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, watchdog_touch_ts);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, softlockup_watchdog);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hrtimer, watchdog_hrtimer);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, softlockup_touch_sync);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, soft_watchdog_warn);
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static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt);
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static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, softlockup_task_ptr_saved);
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static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts_saved);
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static unsigned long soft_lockup_nmi_warn;
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static int __init softlockup_panic_setup(char *str)
{
	softlockup_panic = simple_strtoul(str, NULL, 0);
	return 1;
}
__setup("softlockup_panic=", softlockup_panic_setup);

static int __init nowatchdog_setup(char *str)
{
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	watchdog_enabled = 0;
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	return 1;
}
__setup("nowatchdog", nowatchdog_setup);

static int __init nosoftlockup_setup(char *str)
{
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	watchdog_enabled &= ~SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED;
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	return 1;
}
__setup("nosoftlockup", nosoftlockup_setup);
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#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
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int __read_mostly sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace;

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static int __init softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace_setup(char *str)
{
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	sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace = !!simple_strtol(str, NULL, 0);
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	return 1;
}
__setup("softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace=", softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace_setup);
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#endif
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static void __lockup_detector_cleanup(void);

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/*
 * Hard-lockup warnings should be triggered after just a few seconds. Soft-
 * lockups can have false positives under extreme conditions. So we generally
 * want a higher threshold for soft lockups than for hard lockups. So we couple
 * the thresholds with a factor: we make the soft threshold twice the amount of
 * time the hard threshold is.
 */
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static int get_softlockup_thresh(void)
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{
	return watchdog_thresh * 2;
}
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/*
 * Returns seconds, approximately.  We don't need nanosecond
 * resolution, and we don't need to waste time with a big divide when
 * 2^30ns == 1.074s.
 */
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static unsigned long get_timestamp(void)
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{
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	return running_clock() >> 30LL;  /* 2^30 ~= 10^9 */
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}

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static void set_sample_period(void)
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{
	/*
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	 * convert watchdog_thresh from seconds to ns
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	 * the divide by 5 is to give hrtimer several chances (two
	 * or three with the current relation between the soft
	 * and hard thresholds) to increment before the
	 * hardlockup detector generates a warning
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	 */
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	sample_period = get_softlockup_thresh() * ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC / 5);
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	watchdog_update_hrtimer_threshold(sample_period);
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}

/* Commands for resetting the watchdog */
static void __touch_watchdog(void)
{
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	__this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, get_timestamp());
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}

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/**
 * touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched - touch watchdog on scheduler stalls
 *
 * Call when the scheduler may have stalled for legitimate reasons
 * preventing the watchdog task from executing - e.g. the scheduler
 * entering idle state.  This should only be used for scheduler events.
 * Use touch_softlockup_watchdog() for everything else.
 */
void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched(void)
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{
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	/*
	 * Preemption can be enabled.  It doesn't matter which CPU's timestamp
	 * gets zeroed here, so use the raw_ operation.
	 */
	raw_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, 0);
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}
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void touch_softlockup_watchdog(void)
{
	touch_softlockup_watchdog_sched();
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	wq_watchdog_touch(raw_smp_processor_id());
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_softlockup_watchdog);
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void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void)
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{
	int cpu;

	/*
	 * this is done lockless
	 * do we care if a 0 races with a timestamp?
	 * all it means is the softlock check starts one cycle later
	 */
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	for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu)
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		per_cpu(watchdog_touch_ts, cpu) = 0;
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	wq_watchdog_touch(-1);
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}

void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sync(void)
{
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	__this_cpu_write(softlockup_touch_sync, true);
	__this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, 0);
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}

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static int is_softlockup(unsigned long touch_ts)
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{
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	unsigned long now = get_timestamp();
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	if ((watchdog_enabled & SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED) && watchdog_thresh){
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		/* Warn about unreasonable delays. */
		if (time_after(now, touch_ts + get_softlockup_thresh()))
			return now - touch_ts;
	}
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	return 0;
}

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/* watchdog detector functions */
bool is_hardlockup(void)
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{
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	unsigned long hrint = __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts);
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	if (__this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts_saved) == hrint)
		return true;

	__this_cpu_write(hrtimer_interrupts_saved, hrint);
	return false;
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}
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static void watchdog_interrupt_count(void)
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{
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	__this_cpu_inc(hrtimer_interrupts);
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}
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static int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void);
static void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void);

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/* watchdog kicker functions */
static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
{
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	unsigned long touch_ts = __this_cpu_read(watchdog_touch_ts);
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	struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs();
	int duration;
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	int softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace = sysctl_softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace;
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	if (!watchdog_enabled)
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		return HRTIMER_NORESTART;

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	/* kick the hardlockup detector */
	watchdog_interrupt_count();

	/* kick the softlockup detector */
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	wake_up_process(__this_cpu_read(softlockup_watchdog));
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	/* .. and repeat */
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	hrtimer_forward_now(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period));
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	if (touch_ts == 0) {
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		if (unlikely(__this_cpu_read(softlockup_touch_sync))) {
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			/*
			 * If the time stamp was touched atomically
			 * make sure the scheduler tick is up to date.
			 */
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			__this_cpu_write(softlockup_touch_sync, false);
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			sched_clock_tick();
		}
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		/* Clear the guest paused flag on watchdog reset */
		kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused();
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		__touch_watchdog();
		return HRTIMER_RESTART;
	}

	/* check for a softlockup
	 * This is done by making sure a high priority task is
	 * being scheduled.  The task touches the watchdog to
	 * indicate it is getting cpu time.  If it hasn't then
	 * this is a good indication some task is hogging the cpu
	 */
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	duration = is_softlockup(touch_ts);
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	if (unlikely(duration)) {
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		/*
		 * If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to
		 * the watchdog like a soft lockup, check to see if the host
		 * stopped the vm before we issue the warning
		 */
		if (kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused())
			return HRTIMER_RESTART;

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		/* only warn once */
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		if (__this_cpu_read(soft_watchdog_warn) == true) {
			/*
			 * When multiple processes are causing softlockups the
			 * softlockup detector only warns on the first one
			 * because the code relies on a full quiet cycle to
			 * re-arm.  The second process prevents the quiet cycle
			 * and never gets reported.  Use task pointers to detect
			 * this.
			 */
			if (__this_cpu_read(softlockup_task_ptr_saved) !=
			    current) {
				__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, false);
				__touch_watchdog();
			}
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			return HRTIMER_RESTART;
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		}
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		if (softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace) {
			/* Prevent multiple soft-lockup reports if one cpu is already
			 * engaged in dumping cpu back traces
			 */
			if (test_and_set_bit(0, &soft_lockup_nmi_warn)) {
				/* Someone else will report us. Let's give up */
				__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, true);
				return HRTIMER_RESTART;
			}
		}

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		pr_emerg("BUG: soft lockup - CPU#%d stuck for %us! [%s:%d]\n",
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			smp_processor_id(), duration,
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			current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
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		__this_cpu_write(softlockup_task_ptr_saved, current);
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		print_modules();
		print_irqtrace_events(current);
		if (regs)
			show_regs(regs);
		else
			dump_stack();

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		if (softlockup_all_cpu_backtrace) {
			/* Avoid generating two back traces for current
			 * given that one is already made above
			 */
			trigger_allbutself_cpu_backtrace();

			clear_bit(0, &soft_lockup_nmi_warn);
			/* Barrier to sync with other cpus */
			smp_mb__after_atomic();
		}

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		add_taint(TAINT_SOFTLOCKUP, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
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		if (softlockup_panic)
			panic("softlockup: hung tasks");
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		__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, true);
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	} else
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		__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, false);
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	return HRTIMER_RESTART;
}

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static void watchdog_set_prio(unsigned int policy, unsigned int prio)
{
	struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = prio };
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	sched_setscheduler(current, policy, &param);
}

static void watchdog_enable(unsigned int cpu)
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{
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	struct hrtimer *hrtimer = this_cpu_ptr(&watchdog_hrtimer);
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	/*
	 * Start the timer first to prevent the NMI watchdog triggering
	 * before the timer has a chance to fire.
	 */
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	hrtimer_init(hrtimer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
	hrtimer->function = watchdog_timer_fn;
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	hrtimer_start(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period),
		      HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
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	/* Initialize timestamp */
	__touch_watchdog();
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	/* Enable the perf event */
	watchdog_nmi_enable(cpu);
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	watchdog_set_prio(SCHED_FIFO, MAX_RT_PRIO - 1);
}
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static void watchdog_disable(unsigned int cpu)
{
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	struct hrtimer *hrtimer = this_cpu_ptr(&watchdog_hrtimer);
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	watchdog_set_prio(SCHED_NORMAL, 0);
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	/*
	 * Disable the perf event first. That prevents that a large delay
	 * between disabling the timer and disabling the perf event causes
	 * the perf NMI to detect a false positive.
	 */
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	watchdog_nmi_disable(cpu);
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	hrtimer_cancel(hrtimer);
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}

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static void watchdog_cleanup(unsigned int cpu, bool online)
{
	watchdog_disable(cpu);
}

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static int watchdog_should_run(unsigned int cpu)
{
	return __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts) !=
		__this_cpu_read(soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt);
}

/*
 * The watchdog thread function - touches the timestamp.
 *
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 * It only runs once every sample_period seconds (4 seconds by
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 * default) to reset the softlockup timestamp. If this gets delayed
 * for more than 2*watchdog_thresh seconds then the debug-printout
 * triggers in watchdog_timer_fn().
 */
static void watchdog(unsigned int cpu)
{
	__this_cpu_write(soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt,
			 __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts));
	__touch_watchdog();
}
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static struct smp_hotplug_thread watchdog_threads = {
	.store			= &softlockup_watchdog,
	.thread_should_run	= watchdog_should_run,
	.thread_fn		= watchdog,
	.thread_comm		= "watchdog/%u",
	.setup			= watchdog_enable,
	.cleanup		= watchdog_cleanup,
	.park			= watchdog_disable,
	.unpark			= watchdog_enable,
};

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/*
 * park all watchdog threads that are specified in 'watchdog_cpumask'
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 *
 * This function returns an error if kthread_park() of a watchdog thread
 * fails. In this situation, the watchdog threads of some CPUs can already
 * be parked and the watchdog threads of other CPUs can still be runnable.
 * Callers are expected to handle this special condition as appropriate in
 * their context.
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 *
 * This function may only be called in a context that is protected against
 * races with CPU hotplug - for example, via get_online_cpus().
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 */
static int watchdog_park_threads(void)
{
	int cpu, ret = 0;

	for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu) {
		ret = kthread_park(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
		if (ret)
			break;
	}
	return ret;
}

/*
 * unpark all watchdog threads that are specified in 'watchdog_cpumask'
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 *
 * This function may only be called in a context that is protected against
 * races with CPU hotplug - for example, via get_online_cpus().
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 */
static void watchdog_unpark_threads(void)
{
	int cpu;

	for_each_watchdog_cpu(cpu)
		kthread_unpark(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
}

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static int update_watchdog_all_cpus(void)
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{
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	int ret;

	ret = watchdog_park_threads();
	if (ret)
		return ret;

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	watchdog_unpark_threads();
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	return 0;
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}

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static int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void)
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{
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	int err = 0;
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	if (!watchdog_running) {
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		err = smpboot_register_percpu_thread_cpumask(&watchdog_threads,
							     &watchdog_cpumask);
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		if (err)
			pr_err("Failed to create watchdog threads, disabled\n");
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		else
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			watchdog_running = 1;
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	} else {
		/*
		 * Enable/disable the lockup detectors or
		 * change the sample period 'on the fly'.
		 */
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		err = update_watchdog_all_cpus();

		if (err) {
			watchdog_disable_all_cpus();
			pr_err("Failed to update lockup detectors, disabled\n");
		}
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	}
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	if (err)
		watchdog_enabled = 0;

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	return err;
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}

static void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void)
{
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	if (watchdog_running) {
		watchdog_running = 0;
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		smpboot_unregister_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads);
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	}
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}

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static void softlockup_update_smpboot_threads(void)
{
	lockdep_assert_held(&watchdog_mutex);

	if (!softlockup_threads_initialized)
		return;

	smpboot_update_cpumask_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads,
					     &watchdog_allowed_mask);
	__lockup_detector_cleanup();
}

/* Temporarily park all watchdog threads */
static void softlockup_park_all_threads(void)
{
	cpumask_clear(&watchdog_allowed_mask);
	softlockup_update_smpboot_threads();
}

/*
 * Park threads which are not longer enabled and unpark threads which have
 * been newly enabled.
 */
static void softlockup_update_threads(void)
{
	cpumask_copy(&watchdog_allowed_mask, &watchdog_cpumask);
	softlockup_update_smpboot_threads();
}

static void softlockup_reconfigure_threads(bool enabled)
{
	softlockup_park_all_threads();
	set_sample_period();
	if (enabled)
		softlockup_update_threads();
}

/*
 * Create the watchdog thread infrastructure.
 *
 * The threads are not unparked as watchdog_allowed_mask is empty.  When
 * the threads are sucessfully initialized, take the proper locks and
 * unpark the threads in the watchdog_cpumask if the watchdog is enabled.
 */
static __init void softlockup_init_threads(void)
{
	int ret;

	/*
	 * If sysctl is off and watchdog got disabled on the command line,
	 * nothing to do here.
	 */
	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SYSCTL) &&
	    !(watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh))
		return;

	ret = smpboot_register_percpu_thread_cpumask(&watchdog_threads,
						     &watchdog_allowed_mask);
	if (ret) {
		pr_err("Failed to initialize soft lockup detector threads\n");
		return;
	}

	mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);
	softlockup_threads_initialized = true;
	softlockup_reconfigure_threads(watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh);
	mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
}

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#else /* CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */
static inline int watchdog_park_threads(void) { return 0; }
static inline void watchdog_unpark_threads(void) { }
static inline int watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void) { return 0; }
static inline void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void) { }
static inline void set_sample_period(void) { }
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static inline void softlockup_init_threads(void) { }
static inline void softlockup_update_threads(void) { }
static inline void softlockup_reconfigure_threads(bool enabled) { }
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#endif /* !CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR */
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670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687
static void __lockup_detector_cleanup(void)
{
	lockdep_assert_held(&watchdog_mutex);
	hardlockup_detector_perf_cleanup();
}

/**
 * lockup_detector_cleanup - Cleanup after cpu hotplug or sysctl changes
 *
 * Caller must not hold the cpu hotplug rwsem.
 */
void lockup_detector_cleanup(void)
{
	mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);
	__lockup_detector_cleanup();
	mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
}

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/**
 * lockup_detector_soft_poweroff - Interface to stop lockup detector(s)
 *
 * Special interface for parisc. It prevents lockup detector warnings from
 * the default pm_poweroff() function which busy loops forever.
 */
void lockup_detector_soft_poweroff(void)
{
	watchdog_enabled = 0;
}

699 700
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL

701
/*
702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715
 * Update the run state of the lockup detectors.
 */
static int proc_watchdog_update(void)
{
	int err = 0;

	/*
	 * Watchdog threads won't be started if they are already active.
	 * The 'watchdog_running' variable in watchdog_*_all_cpus() takes
	 * care of this. If those threads are already active, the sample
	 * period will be updated and the lockup detectors will be enabled
	 * or disabled 'on the fly'.
	 */
	if (watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh)
716
		err = watchdog_enable_all_cpus();
717 718 719
	else
		watchdog_disable_all_cpus();

720 721
	watchdog_nmi_reconfigure();

722 723
	__lockup_detector_cleanup();

724 725 726 727
	return err;

}

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/*
 * common function for watchdog, nmi_watchdog and soft_watchdog parameter
 *
 * caller             | table->data points to | 'which' contains the flag(s)
 * -------------------|-----------------------|-----------------------------
 * proc_watchdog      | watchdog_user_enabled | NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED or'ed
 *                    |                       | with SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED
 * -------------------|-----------------------|-----------------------------
 * proc_nmi_watchdog  | nmi_watchdog_enabled  | NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED
 * -------------------|-----------------------|-----------------------------
 * proc_soft_watchdog | soft_watchdog_enabled | SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED
 */
static int proc_watchdog_common(int which, struct ctl_table *table, int write,
				void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	int err, old, new;
	int *watchdog_param = (int *)table->data;

746
	cpu_hotplug_disable();
747
	mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);
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	/*
	 * If the parameter is being read return the state of the corresponding
	 * bit(s) in 'watchdog_enabled', else update 'watchdog_enabled' and the
	 * run state of the lockup detectors.
	 */
	if (!write) {
		*watchdog_param = (watchdog_enabled & which) != 0;
		err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
	} else {
		err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
		if (err)
			goto out;

		/*
		 * There is a race window between fetching the current value
		 * from 'watchdog_enabled' and storing the new value. During
		 * this race window, watchdog_nmi_enable() can sneak in and
		 * clear the NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED bit in 'watchdog_enabled'.
		 * The 'cmpxchg' detects this race and the loop retries.
		 */
		do {
			old = watchdog_enabled;
			/*
			 * If the parameter value is not zero set the
			 * corresponding bit(s), else clear it(them).
			 */
			if (*watchdog_param)
				new = old | which;
			else
				new = old & ~which;
		} while (cmpxchg(&watchdog_enabled, old, new) != old);

		/*
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		 * Update the run state of the lockup detectors. There is _no_
		 * need to check the value returned by proc_watchdog_update()
		 * and to restore the previous value of 'watchdog_enabled' as
		 * both lockup detectors are disabled if proc_watchdog_update()
		 * returns an error.
787
		 */
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		if (old == new)
			goto out;

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		err = proc_watchdog_update();
	}
out:
794
	mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
795
	cpu_hotplug_enable();
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	return err;
}

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/*
 * /proc/sys/kernel/watchdog
 */
int proc_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
		  void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	return proc_watchdog_common(NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED|SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED,
				    table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
}

/*
 * /proc/sys/kernel/nmi_watchdog
811
 */
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int proc_nmi_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
		      void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	return proc_watchdog_common(NMI_WATCHDOG_ENABLED,
				    table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
}

/*
 * /proc/sys/kernel/soft_watchdog
 */
int proc_soft_watchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
			void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	return proc_watchdog_common(SOFT_WATCHDOG_ENABLED,
				    table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
}
828

829 830 831 832 833
/*
 * /proc/sys/kernel/watchdog_thresh
 */
int proc_watchdog_thresh(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
			 void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
834
{
835
	int err, old, new;
836

837
	cpu_hotplug_disable();
838
	mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);
839

840
	old = ACCESS_ONCE(watchdog_thresh);
841
	err = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
842

843
	if (err || !write)
844
		goto out;
845

846
	/*
847
	 * Update the sample period. Restore on failure.
848
	 */
849 850 851 852
	new = ACCESS_ONCE(watchdog_thresh);
	if (old == new)
		goto out;

853 854
	set_sample_period();
	err = proc_watchdog_update();
855
	if (err) {
856
		watchdog_thresh = old;
857 858
		set_sample_period();
	}
859
out:
860
	mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
861
	cpu_hotplug_enable();
862
	return err;
863
}
864

865
static void watchdog_update_cpus(void)
866
{
867 868 869
	if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SOFTLOCKUP_DETECTOR) && watchdog_running) {
		smpboot_update_cpumask_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads,
						     &watchdog_cpumask);
870
		__lockup_detector_cleanup();
871 872 873
	}
}

874 875 876 877
static void proc_watchdog_cpumask_update(void)
{
	/* Remove impossible cpus to keep sysctl output clean. */
	cpumask_and(&watchdog_cpumask, &watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask);
878
	watchdog_update_cpus();
879 880 881
	watchdog_nmi_reconfigure();
}

882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892
/*
 * The cpumask is the mask of possible cpus that the watchdog can run
 * on, not the mask of cpus it is actually running on.  This allows the
 * user to specify a mask that will include cpus that have not yet
 * been brought online, if desired.
 */
int proc_watchdog_cpumask(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
			  void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
	int err;

893
	cpu_hotplug_disable();
894
	mutex_lock(&watchdog_mutex);
895

896
	err = proc_do_large_bitmap(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
897 898
	if (!err && write)
		proc_watchdog_cpumask_update();
899

900
	mutex_unlock(&watchdog_mutex);
901
	cpu_hotplug_enable();
902 903
	return err;
}
904 905
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */

906
void __init lockup_detector_init(void)
907
{
908
	set_sample_period();
909

910 911
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
	if (tick_nohz_full_enabled()) {
912 913
		pr_info("Disabling watchdog on nohz_full cores by default\n");
		cpumask_copy(&watchdog_cpumask, housekeeping_mask);
914 915 916 917 918 919
	} else
		cpumask_copy(&watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask);
#else
	cpumask_copy(&watchdog_cpumask, cpu_possible_mask);
#endif

920
	if (watchdog_enabled)
921
		watchdog_enable_all_cpus();
922
}