hangcheck-timer.c 5.68 KB
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/*
 * hangcheck-timer.c
 *
 * Driver for a little io fencing timer.
 *
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 * Copyright (C) 2002, 2003 Oracle.  All rights reserved.
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 *
 * Author: Joel Becker <joel.becker@oracle.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 * 
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
 * License along with this program; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
 */

/*
 * The hangcheck-timer driver uses the TSC to catch delays that
 * jiffies does not notice.  A timer is set.  When the timer fires, it
 * checks whether it was delayed and if that delay exceeds a given
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 * margin of error.  The hangcheck_tick module parameter takes the timer
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 * duration in seconds.  The hangcheck_margin parameter defines the
 * margin of error, in seconds.  The defaults are 60 seconds for the
 * timer and 180 seconds for the margin of error.  IOW, a timer is set
 * for 60 seconds.  When the timer fires, the callback checks the
 * actual duration that the timer waited.  If the duration exceeds the
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 * allotted time and margin (here 60 + 180, or 240 seconds), the machine
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 * is restarted.  A healthy machine will have the duration match the
 * expected timeout very closely.
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/delay.h>
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <linux/sysrq.h>
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#include <linux/timer.h>
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#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
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#define VERSION_STR "0.9.1"
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#define DEFAULT_IOFENCE_MARGIN 60	/* Default fudge factor, in seconds */
#define DEFAULT_IOFENCE_TICK 180	/* Default timer timeout, in seconds */

static int hangcheck_tick = DEFAULT_IOFENCE_TICK;
static int hangcheck_margin = DEFAULT_IOFENCE_MARGIN;
static int hangcheck_reboot;  /* Defaults to not reboot */
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static int hangcheck_dump_tasks;  /* Defaults to not dumping SysRQ T */
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/* options - modular */
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module_param(hangcheck_tick, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hangcheck_tick, "Timer delay.");
module_param(hangcheck_margin, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hangcheck_margin, "If the hangcheck timer has been delayed more than hangcheck_margin seconds, the driver will fire.");
module_param(hangcheck_reboot, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hangcheck_reboot, "If nonzero, the machine will reboot when the timer margin is exceeded.");
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module_param(hangcheck_dump_tasks, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(hangcheck_dump_tasks, "If nonzero, the machine will dump the system task state when the timer margin is exceeded.");
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MODULE_AUTHOR("Oracle");
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MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Hangcheck-timer detects when the system has gone out to lunch past a certain margin.");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STR);

/* options - nonmodular */
#ifndef MODULE

static int __init hangcheck_parse_tick(char *str)
{
	int par;
	if (get_option(&str,&par))
		hangcheck_tick = par;
	return 1;
}

static int __init hangcheck_parse_margin(char *str)
{
	int par;
	if (get_option(&str,&par))
		hangcheck_margin = par;
	return 1;
}

static int __init hangcheck_parse_reboot(char *str)
{
	int par;
	if (get_option(&str,&par))
		hangcheck_reboot = par;
	return 1;
}

static int __init hangcheck_parse_dump_tasks(char *str)
{
	int par;
	if (get_option(&str,&par))
		hangcheck_dump_tasks = par;
	return 1;
}

__setup("hcheck_tick", hangcheck_parse_tick);
__setup("hcheck_margin", hangcheck_parse_margin);
__setup("hcheck_reboot", hangcheck_parse_reboot);
__setup("hcheck_dump_tasks", hangcheck_parse_dump_tasks);
#endif /* not MODULE */

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#define TIMER_FREQ 1000000000ULL
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/* Last time scheduled */
static unsigned long long hangcheck_tsc, hangcheck_tsc_margin;

static void hangcheck_fire(unsigned long);

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static DEFINE_TIMER(hangcheck_ticktock, hangcheck_fire, 0, 0);
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static void hangcheck_fire(unsigned long data)
{
	unsigned long long cur_tsc, tsc_diff;

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	cur_tsc = ktime_get_ns();
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	if (cur_tsc > hangcheck_tsc)
		tsc_diff = cur_tsc - hangcheck_tsc;
	else
		tsc_diff = (cur_tsc + (~0ULL - hangcheck_tsc)); /* or something */

	if (tsc_diff > hangcheck_tsc_margin) {
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		if (hangcheck_dump_tasks) {
			printk(KERN_CRIT "Hangcheck: Task state:\n");
#ifdef CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ
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			handle_sysrq('t');
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#endif  /* CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ */
		}
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		if (hangcheck_reboot) {
			printk(KERN_CRIT "Hangcheck: hangcheck is restarting the machine.\n");
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			emergency_restart();
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		} else {
			printk(KERN_CRIT "Hangcheck: hangcheck value past margin!\n");
		}
	}
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#if 0
	/*
	 * Enable to investigate delays in detail
	 */
	printk("Hangcheck: called %Ld ns since last time (%Ld ns overshoot)\n",
			tsc_diff, tsc_diff - hangcheck_tick*TIMER_FREQ);
#endif
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	mod_timer(&hangcheck_ticktock, jiffies + (hangcheck_tick*HZ));
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	hangcheck_tsc = ktime_get_ns();
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}


static int __init hangcheck_init(void)
{
	printk("Hangcheck: starting hangcheck timer %s (tick is %d seconds, margin is %d seconds).\n",
	       VERSION_STR, hangcheck_tick, hangcheck_margin);
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	hangcheck_tsc_margin =
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		(unsigned long long)hangcheck_margin + hangcheck_tick;
	hangcheck_tsc_margin *= TIMER_FREQ;
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	hangcheck_tsc = ktime_get_ns();
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	mod_timer(&hangcheck_ticktock, jiffies + (hangcheck_tick*HZ));

	return 0;
}


static void __exit hangcheck_exit(void)
{
	del_timer_sync(&hangcheck_ticktock);
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        printk("Hangcheck: Stopped hangcheck timer.\n");
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}

module_init(hangcheck_init);
module_exit(hangcheck_exit);