paravirt.c 11.4 KB
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/*  Paravirtualization interfaces
    Copyright (C) 2006 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
    (at your option) any later version.

    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    GNU General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
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    2007 - x86_64 support added by Glauber de Oliveira Costa, Red Hat Inc
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*/
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#include <linux/errno.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/bcd.h>
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#include <linux/highmem.h>
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#include <linux/kprobes.h>
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#include <asm/bug.h>
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
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#include <asm/debugreg.h>
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#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
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#include <asm/pgtable.h>
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#include <asm/time.h>
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#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
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#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/delay.h>
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#include <asm/fixmap.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
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#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
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#include <asm/timer.h>
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#include <asm/special_insns.h>
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/*
 * nop stub, which must not clobber anything *including the stack* to
 * avoid confusing the entry prologues.
 */
extern void _paravirt_nop(void);
asm (".pushsection .entry.text, \"ax\"\n"
     ".global _paravirt_nop\n"
     "_paravirt_nop:\n\t"
     "ret\n\t"
     ".size _paravirt_nop, . - _paravirt_nop\n\t"
     ".type _paravirt_nop, @function\n\t"
     ".popsection");
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/* identity function, which can be inlined */
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u32 notrace _paravirt_ident_32(u32 x)
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{
	return x;
}

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u64 notrace _paravirt_ident_64(u64 x)
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{
	return x;
}

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void __init default_banner(void)
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{
	printk(KERN_INFO "Booting paravirtualized kernel on %s\n",
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	       pv_info.name);
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}

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/* Undefined instruction for dealing with missing ops pointers. */
static const unsigned char ud2a[] = { 0x0f, 0x0b };
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struct branch {
	unsigned char opcode;
	u32 delta;
} __attribute__((packed));

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unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *insnbuf,
			     const void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
			     unsigned long addr, u16 site_clobbers,
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			     unsigned len)
{
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	struct branch *b = insnbuf;
	unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (addr+5);
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	if (tgt_clobbers & ~site_clobbers)
		return len;	/* target would clobber too much for this site */
	if (len < 5)
		return len;	/* call too long for patch site */
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	b->opcode = 0xe8; /* call */
	b->delta = delta;
	BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*b) != 5);
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	return 5;
}

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unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *insnbuf, const void *target,
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			    unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
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{
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	struct branch *b = insnbuf;
	unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (addr+5);
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	if (len < 5)
		return len;	/* call too long for patch site */

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	b->opcode = 0xe9;	/* jmp */
	b->delta = delta;
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	return 5;
}

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/* Neat trick to map patch type back to the call within the
 * corresponding structure. */
static void *get_call_destination(u8 type)
{
	struct paravirt_patch_template tmpl = {
		.pv_init_ops = pv_init_ops,
		.pv_time_ops = pv_time_ops,
		.pv_cpu_ops = pv_cpu_ops,
		.pv_irq_ops = pv_irq_ops,
		.pv_mmu_ops = pv_mmu_ops,
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#ifdef CONFIG_PARAVIRT_SPINLOCKS
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		.pv_lock_ops = pv_lock_ops,
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#endif
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	};
	return *((void **)&tmpl + type);
}

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unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insnbuf,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
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{
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	void *opfunc = get_call_destination(type);
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	unsigned ret;

	if (opfunc == NULL)
		/* If there's no function, patch it with a ud2a (BUG) */
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		ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insnbuf, len, ud2a, ud2a+sizeof(ud2a));
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	else if (opfunc == _paravirt_nop)
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		ret = 0;
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	/* identity functions just return their single argument */
	else if (opfunc == _paravirt_ident_32)
		ret = paravirt_patch_ident_32(insnbuf, len);
	else if (opfunc == _paravirt_ident_64)
		ret = paravirt_patch_ident_64(insnbuf, len);

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	else if (type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(pv_cpu_ops.iret) ||
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		 type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(pv_cpu_ops.usergs_sysret64))
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		/* If operation requires a jmp, then jmp */
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		ret = paravirt_patch_jmp(insnbuf, opfunc, addr, len);
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	else
		/* Otherwise call the function; assume target could
		   clobber any caller-save reg */
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		ret = paravirt_patch_call(insnbuf, opfunc, CLBR_ANY,
					  addr, clobbers, len);
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	return ret;
}

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unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *insnbuf, unsigned len,
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			      const char *start, const char *end)
{
	unsigned insn_len = end - start;
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	if (insn_len > len || start == NULL)
		insn_len = len;
	else
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		memcpy(insnbuf, start, insn_len);
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	return insn_len;
}

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static void native_flush_tlb(void)
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{
	__native_flush_tlb();
}

/*
 * Global pages have to be flushed a bit differently. Not a real
 * performance problem because this does not happen often.
 */
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static void native_flush_tlb_global(void)
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{
	__native_flush_tlb_global();
}

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static void native_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)
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{
	__native_flush_tlb_single(addr);
}

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struct static_key paravirt_steal_enabled;
struct static_key paravirt_steal_rq_enabled;
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static u64 native_steal_clock(int cpu)
{
	return 0;
}

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/* These are in entry.S */
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extern void native_iret(void);
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extern void native_usergs_sysret64(void);
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static struct resource reserve_ioports = {
	.start = 0,
	.end = IO_SPACE_LIMIT,
	.name = "paravirt-ioport",
	.flags = IORESOURCE_IO | IORESOURCE_BUSY,
};

/*
 * Reserve the whole legacy IO space to prevent any legacy drivers
 * from wasting time probing for their hardware.  This is a fairly
 * brute-force approach to disabling all non-virtual drivers.
 *
 * Note that this must be called very early to have any effect.
 */
int paravirt_disable_iospace(void)
{
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	return request_resource(&ioport_resource, &reserve_ioports);
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}

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static DEFINE_PER_CPU(enum paravirt_lazy_mode, paravirt_lazy_mode) = PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE;

static inline void enter_lazy(enum paravirt_lazy_mode mode)
{
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	BUG_ON(this_cpu_read(paravirt_lazy_mode) != PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE);
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	this_cpu_write(paravirt_lazy_mode, mode);
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}

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static void leave_lazy(enum paravirt_lazy_mode mode)
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{
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	BUG_ON(this_cpu_read(paravirt_lazy_mode) != mode);
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	this_cpu_write(paravirt_lazy_mode, PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE);
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}

void paravirt_enter_lazy_mmu(void)
{
	enter_lazy(PARAVIRT_LAZY_MMU);
}

void paravirt_leave_lazy_mmu(void)
{
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	leave_lazy(PARAVIRT_LAZY_MMU);
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}

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void paravirt_flush_lazy_mmu(void)
{
	preempt_disable();

	if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_MMU) {
		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
	}

	preempt_enable();
}

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void paravirt_start_context_switch(struct task_struct *prev)
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{
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	BUG_ON(preemptible());

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	if (this_cpu_read(paravirt_lazy_mode) == PARAVIRT_LAZY_MMU) {
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		arch_leave_lazy_mmu_mode();
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		set_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(prev), TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES);
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	}
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	enter_lazy(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);
}

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void paravirt_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next)
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{
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	BUG_ON(preemptible());

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	leave_lazy(PARAVIRT_LAZY_CPU);

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	if (test_and_clear_ti_thread_flag(task_thread_info(next), TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES))
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		arch_enter_lazy_mmu_mode();
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}

enum paravirt_lazy_mode paravirt_get_lazy_mode(void)
{
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	if (in_interrupt())
		return PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE;

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	return this_cpu_read(paravirt_lazy_mode);
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}

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struct pv_info pv_info = {
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	.name = "bare hardware",
	.kernel_rpl = 0,
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	.shared_kernel_pmd = 1,	/* Only used when CONFIG_X86_PAE is set */
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	.extra_user_64bit_cs = __USER_CS,
#endif
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};
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struct pv_init_ops pv_init_ops = {
	.patch = native_patch,
};

struct pv_time_ops pv_time_ops = {
	.sched_clock = native_sched_clock,
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	.steal_clock = native_steal_clock,
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};

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__visible struct pv_irq_ops pv_irq_ops = {
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	.save_fl = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(native_save_fl),
	.restore_fl = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(native_restore_fl),
	.irq_disable = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(native_irq_disable),
	.irq_enable = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(native_irq_enable),
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	.safe_halt = native_safe_halt,
	.halt = native_halt,
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	.adjust_exception_frame = paravirt_nop,
#endif
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};
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__visible struct pv_cpu_ops pv_cpu_ops = {
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	.cpuid = native_cpuid,
	.get_debugreg = native_get_debugreg,
	.set_debugreg = native_set_debugreg,
	.read_cr0 = native_read_cr0,
	.write_cr0 = native_write_cr0,
	.read_cr4 = native_read_cr4,
	.write_cr4 = native_write_cr4,
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	.read_cr8 = native_read_cr8,
	.write_cr8 = native_write_cr8,
#endif
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	.wbinvd = native_wbinvd,
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	.read_msr = native_read_msr,
	.write_msr = native_write_msr,
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	.read_msr_safe = native_read_msr_safe,
	.write_msr_safe = native_write_msr_safe,
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	.read_pmc = native_read_pmc,
	.load_tr_desc = native_load_tr_desc,
	.set_ldt = native_set_ldt,
	.load_gdt = native_load_gdt,
	.load_idt = native_load_idt,
	.store_idt = native_store_idt,
	.store_tr = native_store_tr,
	.load_tls = native_load_tls,
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	.load_gs_index = native_load_gs_index,
#endif
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	.write_ldt_entry = native_write_ldt_entry,
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	.write_gdt_entry = native_write_gdt_entry,
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	.write_idt_entry = native_write_idt_entry,
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	.alloc_ldt = paravirt_nop,
	.free_ldt = paravirt_nop,

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	.load_sp0 = native_load_sp0,
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
	.usergs_sysret64 = native_usergs_sysret64,
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#endif
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	.iret = native_iret,
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	.swapgs = native_swapgs,
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	.set_iopl_mask = native_set_iopl_mask,
	.io_delay = native_io_delay,
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	.start_context_switch = paravirt_nop,
	.end_context_switch = paravirt_nop,
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};
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/* At this point, native_get/set_debugreg has real function entries */
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NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(native_get_debugreg);
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NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(native_set_debugreg);
NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(native_load_idt);
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#if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) && !defined(CONFIG_X86_PAE)
/* 32-bit pagetable entries */
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#define PTE_IDENT	__PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(_paravirt_ident_32)
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#else
/* 64-bit pagetable entries */
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#define PTE_IDENT	__PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(_paravirt_ident_64)
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#endif

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struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops __ro_after_init = {
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	.read_cr2 = native_read_cr2,
	.write_cr2 = native_write_cr2,
	.read_cr3 = native_read_cr3,
	.write_cr3 = native_write_cr3,

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	.flush_tlb_user = native_flush_tlb,
	.flush_tlb_kernel = native_flush_tlb_global,
	.flush_tlb_single = native_flush_tlb_single,
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	.flush_tlb_others = native_flush_tlb_others,
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	.pgd_alloc = __paravirt_pgd_alloc,
	.pgd_free = paravirt_nop,

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	.alloc_pte = paravirt_nop,
	.alloc_pmd = paravirt_nop,
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	.alloc_pud = paravirt_nop,
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	.release_pte = paravirt_nop,
	.release_pmd = paravirt_nop,
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	.release_pud = paravirt_nop,
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	.set_pte = native_set_pte,
	.set_pte_at = native_set_pte_at,
	.set_pmd = native_set_pmd,
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	.set_pmd_at = native_set_pmd_at,
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	.pte_update = paravirt_nop,
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	.ptep_modify_prot_start = __ptep_modify_prot_start,
	.ptep_modify_prot_commit = __ptep_modify_prot_commit,

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#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 3
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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
	.set_pte_atomic = native_set_pte_atomic,
	.pte_clear = native_pte_clear,
	.pmd_clear = native_pmd_clear,
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#endif
	.set_pud = native_set_pud,
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	.set_pud_at = native_set_pud_at,
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	.pmd_val = PTE_IDENT,
	.make_pmd = PTE_IDENT,
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#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS == 4
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	.pud_val = PTE_IDENT,
	.make_pud = PTE_IDENT,

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	.set_pgd = native_set_pgd,
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#endif
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#endif /* CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS >= 3 */
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	.pte_val = PTE_IDENT,
	.pgd_val = PTE_IDENT,
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	.make_pte = PTE_IDENT,
	.make_pgd = PTE_IDENT,
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	.dup_mmap = paravirt_nop,
	.exit_mmap = paravirt_nop,
	.activate_mm = paravirt_nop,
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	.lazy_mode = {
		.enter = paravirt_nop,
		.leave = paravirt_nop,
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		.flush = paravirt_nop,
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	},
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	.set_fixmap = native_set_fixmap,
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};
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_time_ops);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL    (pv_cpu_ops);
EXPORT_SYMBOL    (pv_mmu_ops);
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_info);
EXPORT_SYMBOL    (pv_irq_ops);