pc8736x_gpio.c 8.77 KB
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/* linux/drivers/char/pc8736x_gpio.c

   National Semiconductor PC8736x GPIO driver.  Allows a user space
   process to play with the GPIO pins.

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   Copyright (c) 2005,2006 Jim Cromie <jim.cromie@gmail.com>
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   adapted from linux/drivers/char/scx200_gpio.c
   Copyright (c) 2001,2002 Christer Weinigel <wingel@nano-system.com>,
*/

#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/cdev.h>
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#include <linux/io.h>
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#include <linux/ioport.h>
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#include <linux/mutex.h>
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#include <linux/nsc_gpio.h>
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#include <linux/platform_device.h>
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#define DEVNAME "pc8736x_gpio"
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MODULE_AUTHOR("Jim Cromie <jim.cromie@gmail.com>");
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MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NatSemi/Winbond PC-8736x GPIO Pin Driver");
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MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

static int major;		/* default to dynamic major */
module_param(major, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(major, "Major device number");

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static DEFINE_MUTEX(pc8736x_gpio_config_lock);
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static unsigned pc8736x_gpio_base;
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static u8 pc8736x_gpio_shadow[4];
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#define SIO_BASE1       0x2E	/* 1st command-reg to check */
#define SIO_BASE2       0x4E	/* alt command-reg to check */

#define SIO_SID		0x20	/* SuperI/O ID Register */
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#define SIO_SID_PC87365	0xe5	/* Expected value in ID Register for PC87365 */
#define SIO_SID_PC87366	0xe9	/* Expected value in ID Register for PC87366 */
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#define SIO_CF1		0x21	/* chip config, bit0 is chip enable */

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#define PC8736X_GPIO_RANGE	16 /* ioaddr range */
#define PC8736X_GPIO_CT		32 /* minors matching 4 8 bit ports */
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#define SIO_UNIT_SEL	0x7	/* unit select reg */
#define SIO_UNIT_ACT	0x30	/* unit enable */
#define SIO_GPIO_UNIT	0x7	/* unit number of GPIO */
#define SIO_VLM_UNIT	0x0D
#define SIO_TMS_UNIT	0x0E

/* config-space addrs to read/write each unit's runtime addr */
#define SIO_BASE_HADDR		0x60
#define SIO_BASE_LADDR		0x61

/* GPIO config-space pin-control addresses */
#define SIO_GPIO_PIN_SELECT	0xF0
#define SIO_GPIO_PIN_CONFIG     0xF1
#define SIO_GPIO_PIN_EVENT      0xF2

static unsigned char superio_cmd = 0;
static unsigned char selected_device = 0xFF;	/* bogus start val */

/* GPIO port runtime access, functionality */
static int port_offset[] = { 0, 4, 8, 10 };	/* non-uniform offsets ! */
/* static int event_capable[] = { 1, 1, 0, 0 };   ports 2,3 are hobbled */

#define PORT_OUT	0
#define PORT_IN		1
#define PORT_EVT_EN	2
#define PORT_EVT_STST	3

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static struct platform_device *pdev;  /* use in dev_*() */

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static inline void superio_outb(int addr, int val)
{
	outb_p(addr, superio_cmd);
	outb_p(val, superio_cmd + 1);
}

static inline int superio_inb(int addr)
{
	outb_p(addr, superio_cmd);
	return inb_p(superio_cmd + 1);
}

static int pc8736x_superio_present(void)
{
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	int id;

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	/* try the 2 possible values, read a hardware reg to verify */
	superio_cmd = SIO_BASE1;
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	id = superio_inb(SIO_SID);
	if (id == SIO_SID_PC87365 || id == SIO_SID_PC87366)
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		return superio_cmd;

	superio_cmd = SIO_BASE2;
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	id = superio_inb(SIO_SID);
	if (id == SIO_SID_PC87365 || id == SIO_SID_PC87366)
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		return superio_cmd;

	return 0;
}

static void device_select(unsigned devldn)
{
	superio_outb(SIO_UNIT_SEL, devldn);
	selected_device = devldn;
}

static void select_pin(unsigned iminor)
{
	/* select GPIO port/pin from device minor number */
	device_select(SIO_GPIO_UNIT);
	superio_outb(SIO_GPIO_PIN_SELECT,
		     ((iminor << 1) & 0xF0) | (iminor & 0x7));
}

static inline u32 pc8736x_gpio_configure_fn(unsigned index, u32 mask, u32 bits,
					    u32 func_slct)
{
	u32 config, new_config;

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	mutex_lock(&pc8736x_gpio_config_lock);
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	device_select(SIO_GPIO_UNIT);
	select_pin(index);

	/* read current config value */
	config = superio_inb(func_slct);

	/* set new config */
	new_config = (config & mask) | bits;
	superio_outb(func_slct, new_config);

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	mutex_unlock(&pc8736x_gpio_config_lock);
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	return config;
}

static u32 pc8736x_gpio_configure(unsigned index, u32 mask, u32 bits)
{
	return pc8736x_gpio_configure_fn(index, mask, bits,
					 SIO_GPIO_PIN_CONFIG);
}

static int pc8736x_gpio_get(unsigned minor)
{
	int port, bit, val;

	port = minor >> 3;
	bit = minor & 7;
	val = inb_p(pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_IN);
	val >>= bit;
	val &= 1;

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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "_gpio_get(%d from %x bit %d) == val %d\n",
		minor, pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_IN, bit,
		val);
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	return val;
}

static void pc8736x_gpio_set(unsigned minor, int val)
{
	int port, bit, curval;

	minor &= 0x1f;
	port = minor >> 3;
	bit = minor & 7;
	curval = inb_p(pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_OUT);

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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "addr:%x cur:%x bit-pos:%d cur-bit:%x + new:%d -> bit-new:%d\n",
		pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_OUT,
		curval, bit, (curval & ~(1 << bit)), val, (val << bit));
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	val = (curval & ~(1 << bit)) | (val << bit);

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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "gpio_set(minor:%d port:%d bit:%d)"
		" %2x -> %2x\n", minor, port, bit, curval, val);
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	outb_p(val, pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_OUT);

	curval = inb_p(pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_OUT);
	val = inb_p(pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port] + PORT_IN);

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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "wrote %x, read: %x\n", curval, val);
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	pc8736x_gpio_shadow[port] = val;
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}

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static int pc8736x_gpio_current(unsigned minor)
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{
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	int port, bit;
	minor &= 0x1f;
	port = minor >> 3;
	bit = minor & 7;
	return ((pc8736x_gpio_shadow[port] >> bit) & 0x01);
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}

static void pc8736x_gpio_change(unsigned index)
{
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	pc8736x_gpio_set(index, !pc8736x_gpio_current(index));
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}

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static struct nsc_gpio_ops pc8736x_gpio_ops = {
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	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
	.gpio_config	= pc8736x_gpio_configure,
	.gpio_dump	= nsc_gpio_dump,
	.gpio_get	= pc8736x_gpio_get,
	.gpio_set	= pc8736x_gpio_set,
	.gpio_change	= pc8736x_gpio_change,
	.gpio_current	= pc8736x_gpio_current
};

static int pc8736x_gpio_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	unsigned m = iminor(inode);
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	file->private_data = &pc8736x_gpio_ops;
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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "open %d\n", m);
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	if (m >= PC8736X_GPIO_CT)
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		return -EINVAL;
	return nonseekable_open(inode, file);
}

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static const struct file_operations pc8736x_gpio_fileops = {
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	.owner	= THIS_MODULE,
	.open	= pc8736x_gpio_open,
	.write	= nsc_gpio_write,
	.read	= nsc_gpio_read,
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	.llseek = no_llseek,
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};

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static void __init pc8736x_init_shadow(void)
{
	int port;

	/* read the current values driven on the GPIO signals */
	for (port = 0; port < 4; ++port)
		pc8736x_gpio_shadow[port]
		    = inb_p(pc8736x_gpio_base + port_offset[port]
			    + PORT_OUT);

}

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static struct cdev pc8736x_gpio_cdev;

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static int __init pc8736x_gpio_init(void)
{
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	int rc;
	dev_t devid;
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	pdev = platform_device_alloc(DEVNAME, 0);
	if (!pdev)
		return -ENOMEM;
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	rc = platform_device_add(pdev);
	if (rc) {
		rc = -ENODEV;
		goto undo_platform_dev_alloc;
	}
	dev_info(&pdev->dev, "NatSemi pc8736x GPIO Driver Initializing\n");
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	if (!pc8736x_superio_present()) {
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		rc = -ENODEV;
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "no device found\n");
		goto undo_platform_dev_add;
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	}
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	pc8736x_gpio_ops.dev = &pdev->dev;
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	/* Verify that chip and it's GPIO unit are both enabled.
	   My BIOS does this, so I take minimum action here
	 */
	rc = superio_inb(SIO_CF1);
	if (!(rc & 0x01)) {
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		rc = -ENODEV;
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "device not enabled\n");
		goto undo_platform_dev_add;
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	}
	device_select(SIO_GPIO_UNIT);
	if (!superio_inb(SIO_UNIT_ACT)) {
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		rc = -ENODEV;
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "GPIO unit not enabled\n");
		goto undo_platform_dev_add;
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	}

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	/* read the GPIO unit base addr that chip responds to */
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	pc8736x_gpio_base = (superio_inb(SIO_BASE_HADDR) << 8
			     | superio_inb(SIO_BASE_LADDR));

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	if (!request_region(pc8736x_gpio_base, PC8736X_GPIO_RANGE, DEVNAME)) {
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		rc = -ENODEV;
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "GPIO ioport %x busy\n",
			pc8736x_gpio_base);
		goto undo_platform_dev_add;
	}
	dev_info(&pdev->dev, "GPIO ioport %x reserved\n", pc8736x_gpio_base);
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	if (major) {
		devid = MKDEV(major, 0);
		rc = register_chrdev_region(devid, PC8736X_GPIO_CT, DEVNAME);
	} else {
		rc = alloc_chrdev_region(&devid, 0, PC8736X_GPIO_CT, DEVNAME);
		major = MAJOR(devid);
	}

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	if (rc < 0) {
		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "register-chrdev failed: %d\n", rc);
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		goto undo_request_region;
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	}
	if (!major) {
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		major = rc;
		dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "got dynamic major %d\n", major);
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	}

	pc8736x_init_shadow();
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	/* ignore minor errs, and succeed */
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	cdev_init(&pc8736x_gpio_cdev, &pc8736x_gpio_fileops);
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	cdev_add(&pc8736x_gpio_cdev, devid, PC8736X_GPIO_CT);

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	return 0;
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undo_request_region:
	release_region(pc8736x_gpio_base, PC8736X_GPIO_RANGE);
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undo_platform_dev_add:
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	platform_device_del(pdev);
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undo_platform_dev_alloc:
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	platform_device_put(pdev);

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	return rc;
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}

static void __exit pc8736x_gpio_cleanup(void)
{
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	dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "cleanup\n");
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	cdev_del(&pc8736x_gpio_cdev);
	unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(major,0), PC8736X_GPIO_CT);
	release_region(pc8736x_gpio_base, PC8736X_GPIO_RANGE);
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	platform_device_unregister(pdev);
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}

module_init(pc8736x_gpio_init);
module_exit(pc8736x_gpio_cleanup);