Commit 86166b7b authored by Jiri Kosina's avatar Jiri Kosina

HID: add hidraw interface

hidraw is an interface that is going to obsolete hiddev one
day.

Many userland applications are using libusb instead of using
kernel-provided hiddev interface. This is caused by various
reasons - the HID parser in kernel doesn't handle all the
HID hardware on the planet properly, some devices might require
its own specific quirks/drivers, etc.

hiddev interface tries to do its best to parse all the received
reports properly, and presents only parsed usages into userspace.
This is however often not enough, and that's the reason why
many userland applications just don't use hiddev at all, and
rather use libusb to read raw USB events and process them on
their own.

Another drawback of hiddev is that it is USB-specific.

hidraw interface provides userspace readers with really raw HID
reports, no matter what the low-level transport layer is (USB/BT),
and gives the userland applications all the freedom to process
the HID reports in a way they wish to.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
parent efc493f9
......@@ -46,6 +46,25 @@ config HID_DEBUG
If unsure, say N
config HIDRAW
bool "/dev/hidraw raw HID device support"
depends on HID
---help---
Say Y here if you want to support HID devices (from the USB
specification standpoint) that aren't strictly user interface
devices, like monitor controls and Uninterruptable Power Supplies.
This module supports these devices separately using a separate
event interface on /dev/hidraw.
There is also a /dev/hiddev configuration option in the USB HID
configuration menu. In comparison to hiddev, this device does not process
the hid events at all (no parsing, no lookups). This lets applications
to work on raw hid events when they want to, and avoid using transport-specific
userspace libhid/libusb libraries.
If unsure, say Y.
source "drivers/hid/usbhid/Kconfig"
endif # HID_SUPPORT
......@@ -4,7 +4,9 @@
hid-objs := hid-core.o hid-input.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HID) += hid.o
hid-$(CONFIG_HID_DEBUG) += hid-debug.o
hid-$(CONFIG_HIDRAW) += hidraw.o
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_HID) += usbhid/
obj-$(CONFIG_USB_MOUSE) += usbhid/
......
......@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/hid.h>
#include <linux/hiddev.h>
#include <linux/hid-debug.h>
#include <linux/hidraw.h>
/*
* Version Information
......@@ -979,6 +980,8 @@ int hid_input_report(struct hid_device *hid, int type, u8 *data, int size, int i
if ((hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV) && hid->hiddev_report_event)
hid->hiddev_report_event(hid, report);
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW)
hidraw_report_event(hid, data, size);
for (n = 0; n < report->maxfield; n++)
hid_input_field(hid, report->field[n], data, interrupt);
......@@ -990,5 +993,18 @@ int hid_input_report(struct hid_device *hid, int type, u8 *data, int size, int i
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hid_input_report);
static int __init hid_init(void)
{
return hidraw_init();
}
static void __exit hid_exit(void)
{
hidraw_exit();
}
module_init(hid_init);
module_exit(hid_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE(DRIVER_LICENSE);
/*
* HID raw devices, giving access to raw HID events.
*
* In comparison to hiddev, this device does not process the
* hid events at all (no parsing, no lookups). This lets applications
* to work on raw hid events as they want to, and avoids a need to
* use a transport-specific userspace libhid/libusb libraries.
*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Jiri Kosina
*/
/*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
* version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
* this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
* 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
*/
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/hid.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/hidraw.h>
static int hidraw_major;
static struct cdev hidraw_cdev;
static struct class *hidraw_class;
static struct hidraw *hidraw_table[HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES];
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(minors_lock);
static ssize_t hidraw_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct hidraw_list *list = file->private_data;
int ret = 0, len;
char *report;
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
while (ret == 0) {
mutex_lock(&list->read_mutex);
if (list->head == list->tail) {
add_wait_queue(&list->hidraw->wait, &wait);
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (list->head == list->tail) {
if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
ret = -EAGAIN;
break;
}
if (signal_pending(current)) {
ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
break;
}
if (!list->hidraw->exist) {
ret = -EIO;
break;
}
/* allow O_NONBLOCK to work well from other threads */
mutex_unlock(&list->read_mutex);
schedule();
mutex_lock(&list->read_mutex);
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
}
set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
remove_wait_queue(&list->hidraw->wait, &wait);
}
if (ret)
goto out;
report = list->buffer[list->tail].value;
len = list->buffer[list->tail].len > count ?
count : list->buffer[list->tail].len;
if (copy_to_user(buffer, list->buffer[list->tail].value, len)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
ret += len;
kfree(list->buffer[list->tail].value);
list->tail = (list->tail + 1) & (HIDRAW_BUFFER_SIZE - 1);
}
out:
mutex_unlock(&list->read_mutex);
return ret;
}
/* the first byte is expected to be a report number */
static ssize_t hidraw_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
unsigned int minor = iminor(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
struct hid_device *dev = hidraw_table[minor]->hid;
__u8 *buf;
int ret = 0;
if (!dev->hid_output_raw_report)
return -ENODEV;
if (count > HID_MIN_BUFFER_SIZE) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "hidraw: pid %d passed too large report\n",
current->pid);
return -EINVAL;
}
if (count < 2) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "hidraw: pid %d passed too short report\n",
current->pid);
return -EINVAL;
}
buf = kmalloc(count * sizeof(__u8), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!buf)
return -ENOMEM;
if (copy_from_user(buf, buffer, count)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
ret = dev->hid_output_raw_report(dev, buf, count);
out:
kfree(buf);
return ret;
}
static unsigned int hidraw_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
{
struct hidraw_list *list = file->private_data;
poll_wait(file, &list->hidraw->wait, wait);
if (list->head != list->tail)
return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
if (!list->hidraw->exist)
return POLLERR | POLLHUP;
return 0;
}
static int hidraw_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
unsigned int minor = iminor(inode);
struct hidraw *dev;
struct hidraw_list *list;
int err = 0;
if (!(list = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hidraw_list), GFP_KERNEL))) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
spin_lock(&minors_lock);
if (!hidraw_table[minor]) {
printk(KERN_EMERG "hidraw device with minor %d doesn't exist\n",
minor);
kfree(list);
err = -ENODEV;
goto out_unlock;
}
list->hidraw = hidraw_table[minor];
mutex_init(&list->read_mutex);
list_add_tail(&list->node, &hidraw_table[minor]->list);
file->private_data = list;
dev = hidraw_table[minor];
if (!dev->open++)
dev->hid->hid_open(dev->hid);
out_unlock:
spin_unlock(&minors_lock);
out:
return err;
}
static int hidraw_release(struct inode * inode, struct file * file)
{
unsigned int minor = iminor(inode);
struct hidraw *dev;
struct hidraw_list *list = file->private_data;
if (!hidraw_table[minor]) {
printk(KERN_EMERG "hidraw device with minor %d doesn't exist\n",
minor);
return -ENODEV;
}
list_del(&list->node);
dev = hidraw_table[minor];
if (!dev->open--) {
if (list->hidraw->exist)
dev->hid->hid_close(dev->hid);
else
kfree(list->hidraw);
}
return 0;
}
static int hidraw_ioctl(struct inode *inode, struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
unsigned int minor = iminor(inode);
struct hidraw *dev = hidraw_table[minor];
void __user *user_arg = (void __user*) arg;
switch (cmd) {
case HIDIOCGRDESCSIZE:
if (put_user(dev->hid->rsize, (int __user *)arg))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
case HIDIOCGRDESC:
{
__u32 len;
if (get_user(len, (int __user *)arg))
return -EFAULT;
if (copy_to_user(*((__u8 **)(user_arg +
sizeof(__u32))),
dev->hid->rdesc, len))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
}
case HIDIOCGRAWINFO:
{
struct hidraw_devinfo dinfo;
dinfo.bustype = dev->hid->bus;
dinfo.vendor = dev->hid->vendor;
dinfo.product = dev->hid->product;
if (copy_to_user(user_arg, &dinfo, sizeof(dinfo)))
return -EFAULT;
return 0;
}
default:
printk(KERN_EMERG "hidraw: unsupported ioctl() %x\n",
cmd);
}
return -EINVAL;
}
static const struct file_operations hidraw_ops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.read = hidraw_read,
.write = hidraw_write,
.poll = hidraw_poll,
.open = hidraw_open,
.release = hidraw_release,
.ioctl = hidraw_ioctl,
};
void hidraw_report_event(struct hid_device *hid, u8 *data, int len)
{
struct hidraw *dev = hid->hidraw;
struct hidraw_list *list;
list_for_each_entry(list, &dev->list, node) {
list->buffer[list->head].value = kmemdup(data, len, GFP_ATOMIC);
list->buffer[list->head].len = len;
list->head = (list->head + 1) & (HIDRAW_BUFFER_SIZE - 1);
kill_fasync(&list->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
}
wake_up_interruptible(&dev->wait);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hidraw_report_event);
int hidraw_connect(struct hid_device *hid)
{
int minor, result = -EINVAL;
struct hidraw *dev;
/* TODO currently we accept any HID device. This should later
* probably be fixed to accept only those devices which provide
* non-input applications
*/
if (!(dev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hidraw), GFP_KERNEL)))
return -1;
spin_lock(&minors_lock);
for (minor = 0; minor < HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES; minor++) {
if (hidraw_table[minor])
continue;
hidraw_table[minor] = dev;
result = 0;
break;
}
spin_unlock(&minors_lock);
if (result)
goto out;
dev->dev = device_create(hidraw_class, NULL, MKDEV(hidraw_major, minor),
"%s%d", "hidraw", minor);
if (IS_ERR(dev->dev)) {
spin_lock(&minors_lock);
hidraw_table[minor] = NULL;
spin_unlock(&minors_lock);
result = PTR_ERR(dev->dev);
goto out;
}
init_waitqueue_head(&dev->wait);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dev->list);
dev->hid = hid;
dev->minor = minor;
dev->exist = 1;
hid->hidraw = dev;
out:
return result;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hidraw_connect);
void hidraw_disconnect(struct hid_device *hid)
{
struct hidraw *hidraw = hid->hidraw;
hidraw->exist = 0;
spin_lock(&minors_lock);
hidraw_table[hidraw->minor] = NULL;
spin_unlock(&minors_lock);
device_destroy(hidraw_class, MKDEV(hidraw_major, hidraw->minor));
if (hidraw->open) {
hid->hid_close(hid);
wake_up_interruptible(&hidraw->wait);
} else {
kfree(hidraw);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hidraw_disconnect);
int __init hidraw_init(void)
{
int result;
dev_t dev_id;
result = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev_id, HIDRAW_FIRST_MINOR,
HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES, "hidraw");
hidraw_major = MAJOR(dev_id);
if (result < 0) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "hidraw: can't get major number\n");
result = 0;
goto out;
}
hidraw_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "hidraw");
if (IS_ERR(hidraw_class)) {
result = PTR_ERR(hidraw_class);
unregister_chrdev(hidraw_major, "hidraw");
goto out;
}
cdev_init(&hidraw_cdev, &hidraw_ops);
cdev_add(&hidraw_cdev, dev_id, HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES);
out:
return result;
}
void __exit hidraw_exit(void)
{
dev_t dev_id = MKDEV(hidraw_major, 0);
cdev_del(&hidraw_cdev);
class_destroy(hidraw_class);
unregister_chrdev_region(dev_id, HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES);
}
......@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
#include <linux/hid.h>
#include <linux/hiddev.h>
#include <linux/hid-debug.h>
#include <linux/hidraw.h>
#include "usbhid.h"
/*
......@@ -932,6 +933,8 @@ static void hid_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
hidinput_disconnect(hid);
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV)
hiddev_disconnect(hid);
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW)
hidraw_disconnect(hid);
usb_free_urb(usbhid->urbin);
usb_free_urb(usbhid->urbctrl);
......@@ -964,11 +967,13 @@ static int hid_probe(struct usb_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id)
hid->claimed |= HID_CLAIMED_INPUT;
if (!hiddev_connect(hid))
hid->claimed |= HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV;
if (!hidraw_connect(hid))
hid->claimed |= HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW;
usb_set_intfdata(intf, hid);
if (!hid->claimed) {
printk ("HID device not claimed by input or hiddev\n");
printk ("HID device claimed by neither input, hiddev nor hidraw\n");
hid_disconnect(intf);
return -ENODEV;
}
......@@ -984,10 +989,16 @@ static int hid_probe(struct usb_interface *intf, const struct usb_device_id *id)
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_INPUT)
printk("input");
if (hid->claimed == (HID_CLAIMED_INPUT | HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV))
if ((hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_INPUT) && ((hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV) ||
hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW))
printk(",");
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV)
printk("hiddev%d", hid->minor);
if ((hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_INPUT) && (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV) &&
(hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW))
printk(",");
if (hid->claimed & HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW)
printk("hidraw%d", ((struct hidraw*)hid->hidraw)->minor);
c = "Device";
for (i = 0; i < hid->maxcollection; i++) {
......
......@@ -403,6 +403,7 @@ struct hid_control_fifo {
#define HID_CLAIMED_INPUT 1
#define HID_CLAIMED_HIDDEV 2
#define HID_CLAIMED_HIDRAW 4
#define HID_CTRL_RUNNING 1
#define HID_OUT_RUNNING 2
......@@ -438,6 +439,7 @@ struct hid_device { /* device report descriptor */
struct list_head inputs; /* The list of inputs */
void *hiddev; /* The hiddev structure */
void *hidraw;
int minor; /* Hiddev minor number */
wait_queue_head_t wait; /* For sleeping */
......@@ -458,6 +460,9 @@ struct hid_device { /* device report descriptor */
void (*hiddev_hid_event) (struct hid_device *, struct hid_field *field,
struct hid_usage *, __s32);
void (*hiddev_report_event) (struct hid_device *, struct hid_report *);
/* handler for raw output data, used by hidraw */
int (*hid_output_raw_report) (struct hid_device *, __u8 *, size_t);
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_HIDINPUT_POWERBOOK
unsigned long pb_pressed_fn[NBITS(KEY_MAX)];
unsigned long pb_pressed_numlock[NBITS(KEY_MAX)];
......
#ifndef _HIDRAW_H
#define _HIDRAW_H
/*
* Copyright (c) 2007 Jiri Kosina
*/
/*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
* version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
* this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
* 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
*/
struct hidraw_report_descriptor {
__u32 size;
__u8 *value;
};
struct hidraw_devinfo {
__u32 bustype;
__s16 vendor;
__s16 product;
};
/* ioctl interface */
#define HIDIOCGRDESCSIZE _IOR('H', 0x01, int)
#define HIDIOCGRDESC _IOR('H', 0x02, struct hidraw_report_descriptor)
#define HIDIOCGRAWINFO _IOR('H', 0x03, struct hidraw_devinfo)
#define HIDRAW_FIRST_MINOR 0
#define HIDRAW_MAX_DEVICES 64
/* number of reports to buffer */
#define HIDRAW_BUFFER_SIZE 64
/* kernel-only API declarations */
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/hid.h>
struct hidraw {
unsigned int minor;
int exist;
int open;
wait_queue_head_t wait;
struct hid_device *hid;
struct device *dev;
struct list_head list;
};
struct hidraw_report {
__u8 *value;
int len;
};
struct hidraw_list {
struct hidraw_report buffer[HIDRAW_BUFFER_SIZE];
int head;
int tail;
struct fasync_struct *fasync;
struct hidraw *hidraw;
struct list_head node;
struct mutex read_mutex;
};
#ifdef CONFIG_HIDRAW
int hidraw_init(void);
void hidraw_exit(void);
void hidraw_report_event(struct hid_device *, u8 *, int);
int hidraw_connect(struct hid_device *);
void hidraw_disconnect(struct hid_device *);
#else
static inline int hidraw_init(void) { return 0; }
static inline void hidraw_exit(void) { }
static inline void hidraw_report_event(struct hid_device *hid, u8 *data, int len) { }
static inline int hidraw_connect(struct hid_device *hid) { return -1; }
static inline void hidraw_disconnect(struct hid_device *hid) { }
#endif
#endif
#endif
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