Commit d24f5061 authored by Daniel Mack's avatar Daniel Mack Committed by Takashi Iwai

ALSA: snd-usb: add support for DSD DOP stream transport

In order to provide a compatibility way for pushing DSD
samples through ordinary PCM channels, the "DoP open Standard" was
invented. See http://www.dsd-guide.com for the official document.

The host is required to stuff DSD marker bytes (0x05, 0xfa,
alternating) in the MSB of 24 bit wide samples on the bus, in addition
to the 16 bits of actual DSD sample payload.

To support this, the hardware and software stride logic in the driver
has to be tweaked a bit, as we make the userspace believe we're
operating on 16 bit samples, while we in fact push one more byte per
channel down to the hardware.

The DOP runtime information is stored in struct snd_usb_substream, so
we can keep track of our state across multiple calls to
prepare_playback_urb_dsd_dop().
Signed-off-by: default avatarDaniel Mack <zonque@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarTakashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de>
parent 8a2a74d2
......@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@ struct audioformat {
unsigned int *rate_table; /* rate table */
unsigned char clock; /* associated clock */
struct snd_pcm_chmap_elem *chmap; /* (optional) channel map */
bool dsd_dop; /* add DOP headers in case of DSD samples */
};
struct snd_usb_substream;
......@@ -139,6 +140,12 @@ struct snd_usb_substream {
int last_frame_number; /* stored frame number */
int last_delay; /* stored delay */
struct {
int marker;
int channel;
int byte_idx;
} dsd_dop;
};
struct snd_usb_stream {
......
......@@ -578,6 +578,15 @@ static int data_ep_set_params(struct snd_usb_endpoint *ep,
int is_playback = usb_pipeout(ep->pipe);
int frame_bits = snd_pcm_format_physical_width(pcm_format) * channels;
if (pcm_format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_DSD_U16_LE && fmt->dsd_dop) {
/*
* When operating in DSD DOP mode, the size of a sample frame
* in hardware differs from the actual physical format width
* because we need to make room for the DOP markers.
*/
frame_bits += channels << 3;
}
ep->datainterval = fmt->datainterval;
ep->stride = frame_bits >> 3;
ep->silence_value = pcm_format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_U8 ? 0x80 : 0;
......
......@@ -1120,6 +1120,12 @@ static int snd_usb_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
runtime->private_data = subs;
subs->pcm_substream = substream;
/* runtime PM is also done there */
/* initialize DSD/DOP context */
subs->dsd_dop.byte_idx = 0;
subs->dsd_dop.channel = 0;
subs->dsd_dop.marker = 1;
return setup_hw_info(runtime, subs);
}
......@@ -1214,6 +1220,56 @@ static void retire_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
}
static inline void fill_playback_urb_dsd_dop(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
struct urb *urb, unsigned int bytes)
{
struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->pcm_substream->runtime;
unsigned int stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
unsigned int dst_idx = 0;
unsigned int src_idx = subs->hwptr_done;
unsigned int wrap = runtime->buffer_size * stride;
u8 *dst = urb->transfer_buffer;
u8 *src = runtime->dma_area;
u8 marker[] = { 0x05, 0xfa };
/*
* The DSP DOP format defines a way to transport DSD samples over
* normal PCM data endpoints. It requires stuffing of marker bytes
* (0x05 and 0xfa, alternating per sample frame), and then expects
* 2 additional bytes of actual payload. The whole frame is stored
* LSB.
*
* Hence, for a stereo transport, the buffer layout looks like this,
* where L refers to left channel samples and R to right.
*
* L1 L2 0x05 R1 R2 0x05 L3 L4 0xfa R3 R4 0xfa
* L5 L6 0x05 R5 R6 0x05 L7 L8 0xfa R7 R8 0xfa
* .....
*
*/
while (bytes--) {
if (++subs->dsd_dop.byte_idx == 3) {
/* frame boundary? */
dst[dst_idx++] = marker[subs->dsd_dop.marker];
src_idx += 2;
subs->dsd_dop.byte_idx = 0;
if (++subs->dsd_dop.channel % runtime->channels == 0) {
/* alternate the marker */
subs->dsd_dop.marker++;
subs->dsd_dop.marker %= ARRAY_SIZE(marker);
subs->dsd_dop.channel = 0;
}
} else {
/* stuff the DSD payload */
int idx = (src_idx + subs->dsd_dop.byte_idx - 1) % wrap;
dst[dst_idx++] = src[idx];
subs->hwptr_done++;
}
}
}
static void prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
struct urb *urb)
{
......@@ -1270,19 +1326,28 @@ static void prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
break;
}
bytes = frames * ep->stride;
if (subs->hwptr_done + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
/* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary. */
unsigned int bytes1 =
runtime->buffer_size * stride - subs->hwptr_done;
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes1);
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + bytes1,
runtime->dma_area, bytes - bytes1);
if (unlikely(subs->pcm_format == SNDRV_PCM_FORMAT_DSD_U16_LE &&
subs->cur_audiofmt->dsd_dop)) {
fill_playback_urb_dsd_dop(subs, urb, bytes);
} else {
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes);
/* usual PCM */
if (subs->hwptr_done + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
/* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary. */
unsigned int bytes1 =
runtime->buffer_size * stride - subs->hwptr_done;
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes1);
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + bytes1,
runtime->dma_area, bytes - bytes1);
} else {
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes);
}
subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
}
subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size * stride)
subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
......
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