Commit dbe43d4d authored by Jaewon Kim's avatar Jaewon Kim Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: cma: print allocation failure reason and bitmap status

There are many reasons of CMA allocation failure such as EBUSY, ENOMEM,
EINTR.  But we did not know error reason so far.  This patch prints the
error value.

Additionally if CONFIG_CMA_DEBUG is enabled, this patch shows bitmap
status to know available pages.  Actually CMA internally tries on all
available regions because some regions can be failed because of EBUSY.
Bitmap status is useful to know in detail on both ENONEM and EBUSY;

 ENOMEM: not tried at all because of no available region
         it could be too small total region or could be fragmentation issue
 EBUSY:  tried some region but all failed

This is an ENOMEM example with this patch.

    [2:   Binder:714_1:  744] cma: cma_alloc: alloc failed, req-size: 256 pages, ret: -12

If CONFIG_CMA_DEBUG is enabled, avabile pages also will be shown as
concatenated size@position format.  So 4@572 means that there are 4
available pages at 572 position starting from 0 position.

    [2:   Binder:714_1:  744] cma: number of available pages: 4@572+7@585+7@601+8@632+38@730+166@1114+127@1921=> 357 free of 2048 total pages

Link: default avatarJaewon Kim <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Nazarewicz <>
Cc: Laura Abbott <>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent def5efe0
......@@ -348,6 +348,32 @@ int __init cma_declare_contiguous(phys_addr_t base,
return ret;
static void cma_debug_show_areas(struct cma *cma)
unsigned long next_zero_bit, next_set_bit;
unsigned long start = 0;
unsigned int nr_zero, nr_total = 0;
pr_info("number of available pages: ");
for (;;) {
next_zero_bit = find_next_zero_bit(cma->bitmap, cma->count, start);
if (next_zero_bit >= cma->count)
next_set_bit = find_next_bit(cma->bitmap, cma->count, next_zero_bit);
nr_zero = next_set_bit - next_zero_bit;
pr_cont("%s%u@%lu", nr_total ? "+" : "", nr_zero, next_zero_bit);
nr_total += nr_zero;
start = next_zero_bit + nr_zero;
pr_cont("=> %u free of %lu total pages\n", nr_total, cma->count);
static inline void cma_debug_show_areas(struct cma *cma) { }
* cma_alloc() - allocate pages from contiguous area
* @cma: Contiguous memory region for which the allocation is performed.
......@@ -365,7 +391,7 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
unsigned long start = 0;
unsigned long bitmap_maxno, bitmap_no, bitmap_count;
struct page *page = NULL;
int ret;
int ret = -ENOMEM;
if (!cma || !cma->count)
return NULL;
......@@ -423,6 +449,12 @@ struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
trace_cma_alloc(pfn, page, count, align);
if (ret) {
pr_info("%s: alloc failed, req-size: %zu pages, ret: %d\n",
__func__, count, ret);
pr_debug("%s(): returned %p\n", __func__, page);
return page;
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