Commit e0570446 authored by Ricard Wanderlof's avatar Ricard Wanderlof Committed by Takashi Iwai

ALSA: USB-audio: Add quirk for Zoom R16/24 playback

The Zoom R16/24 have a nonstandard playback format where each isochronous
packet contains a length descriptor in the first four bytes. (Curiously,
capture data does not contain this and requires no quirk.)

The quirk involves adding the extra length descriptor whenever outgoing
isochronous packets are generated, both in pcm.c (outgoing audio) and
endpoint.c (silent data).

In order to make the quirk as unintrusive as possible, for
pcm.c:prepare_playback_urb(), the isochronous packet descriptors are
initially set up in the same way no matter if the quirk is enabled or not.
Once it is time to actually copy the data into the outgoing packet buffer
(together with the added length descriptors) the isochronous descriptors
are adjusted in order take the increased payload length into account.

For endpoint.c:prepare_silent_urb() it makes more sense to modify the
actual function, partly because the function is less complex to start with
and partly because it is not as time-critical as prepare_playback_urb()
(whose bulk is run with interrupts disabled), so the (minute) additional
time spent in the non-quirk case is motivated by the simplicity of having
a single function for all cases.

The quirk is controlled by the new tx_length_quirk member in struct
snd_usb_substream and struct snd_usb_audio, which is conveyed to pcm.c
and endpoint.c from quirks.c in a similar manner to the txfr_quirk member
in the same structs.

In contrast to txfr_quirk however, the quirk is enabled directly in
quirks.c:create_standard_audio_quirk() by checking the USB ID in that
function. Another option would be to introduce a new
QUIRK_AUDIO_ZOOM_INTERFACE or somesuch, which would have made the quirk
very plain to see in the quirk table, but it was felt that the additional
code needed to implement it this way would just make the implementation
more complex with no real gain.

Tested with a Zoom R16, both by doing capture and playback separately
using arecord and aplay (8 channel capture and 2 channel playback,
respectively), as well as capture and playback together using Ardour, as
well as Audacity and Qtractor together with jackd.

The R24 is reportedly compatible with the R16 when used as an audio
interface. Both devices share the same USB ID and have the same number of
inputs (8) and outputs (2). Therefore "R16/24" is mentioned throughout the

Regression tested using an Edirol UA-5 in both class compliant (16-bit)
and "advanced" (24 bit, forces the use of quirks) modes.
Signed-off-by: default avatarRicard Wanderlof <>
Tested-by: default avatarPanu Matilainen <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarTakashi Iwai <>
parent b97a9369
......@@ -122,6 +122,7 @@ struct snd_usb_substream {
unsigned int buffer_periods; /* current periods per buffer */
unsigned int altset_idx; /* USB data format: index of alternate setting */
unsigned int txfr_quirk:1; /* allow sub-frame alignment */
unsigned int tx_length_quirk:1; /* add length specifier to transfers */
unsigned int fmt_type; /* USB audio format type (1-3) */
unsigned int pkt_offset_adj; /* Bytes to drop from beginning of packets (for non-compliant devices) */
......@@ -188,9 +188,17 @@ static void prepare_silent_urb(struct snd_usb_endpoint *ep,
struct urb *urb = ctx->urb;
unsigned int offs = 0;
unsigned int extra = 0;
__le32 packet_length;
int i;
/* For tx_length_quirk, put packet length at start of packet */
if (ep->chip->tx_length_quirk)
extra = sizeof(packet_length);
for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; ++i) {
unsigned int offset;
unsigned int length;
int counts;
if (ctx->packet_size[i])
......@@ -198,15 +206,22 @@ static void prepare_silent_urb(struct snd_usb_endpoint *ep,
counts = snd_usb_endpoint_next_packet_size(ep);
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offs * ep->stride;
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * ep->stride;
length = counts * ep->stride; /* number of silent bytes */
offset = offs * ep->stride + extra * i;
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offset;
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = length + extra;
if (extra) {
packet_length = cpu_to_le32(length);
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + offset,
&packet_length, sizeof(packet_length));
memset(urb->transfer_buffer + offset + extra,
ep->silence_value, length);
offs += counts;
urb->number_of_packets = ctx->packets;
urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * ep->stride;
memset(urb->transfer_buffer, ep->silence_value,
offs * ep->stride);
urb->transfer_buffer_length = offs * ep->stride + ctx->packets * extra;
......@@ -1409,6 +1409,32 @@ static void copy_to_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct urb *urb,
subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
static unsigned int copy_to_urb_quirk(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
struct urb *urb, int stride,
unsigned int bytes)
__le32 packet_length;
int i;
/* Put __le32 length descriptor at start of each packet. */
for (i = 0; i < urb->number_of_packets; i++) {
unsigned int length = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length;
unsigned int offset = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
packet_length = cpu_to_le32(length);
offset += i * sizeof(packet_length);
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = offset;
urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length += sizeof(packet_length);
memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + offset,
&packet_length, sizeof(packet_length));
copy_to_urb(subs, urb, offset + sizeof(packet_length),
stride, length);
/* Adjust transfer size accordingly. */
bytes += urb->number_of_packets * sizeof(packet_length);
return bytes;
static void prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
struct urb *urb)
......@@ -1488,7 +1514,11 @@ static void prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
} else {
/* usual PCM */
copy_to_urb(subs, urb, 0, stride, bytes);
if (!subs->tx_length_quirk)
copy_to_urb(subs, urb, 0, stride, bytes);
bytes = copy_to_urb_quirk(subs, urb, stride, bytes);
/* bytes is now amount of outgoing data */
/* update delay with exact number of samples queued */
......@@ -3193,8 +3193,9 @@ AU0828_DEVICE(0x2040, 0x7270, "Hauppauge", "HVR-950Q"),
* ZOOM R16/24 in audio interface mode.
* Mixer descriptors are garbage, further quirks will be needed
* to make any of it functional, thus disabled for now.
* Playback stream appears to start and run fine but no sound
* is produced, so also disabled for now.
* Playback requires an extra four byte LE length indicator
* at the start of each isochronous packet. This quirk is
* enabled in create_standard_audio_quirk().
USB_DEVICE(0x1686, 0x00dd),
.driver_info = (unsigned long) & (const struct snd_usb_audio_quirk) {
......@@ -3209,7 +3210,7 @@ AU0828_DEVICE(0x2040, 0x7270, "Hauppauge", "HVR-950Q"),
/* Playback */
.ifnum = 1,
/* Capture */
......@@ -115,6 +115,9 @@ static int create_standard_audio_quirk(struct snd_usb_audio *chip,
struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
int err;
if (chip->usb_id == USB_ID(0x1686, 0x00dd)) /* Zoom R16/24 */
chip->tx_length_quirk = 1;
alts = &iface->altsetting[0];
altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
err = snd_usb_parse_audio_interface(chip, altsd->bInterfaceNumber);
......@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@ static void snd_usb_init_substream(struct snd_usb_stream *as,
subs->direction = stream;
subs->dev = as->chip->dev;
subs->txfr_quirk = as->chip->txfr_quirk;
subs->tx_length_quirk = as->chip->tx_length_quirk;
subs->speed = snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev);
subs->pkt_offset_adj = 0;
......@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@ struct snd_usb_audio {
atomic_t usage_count;
wait_queue_head_t shutdown_wait;
unsigned int txfr_quirk:1; /* Subframe boundaries on transfers */
unsigned int tx_length_quirk:1; /* Put length specifier in transfers */
int num_interfaces;
int num_suspended_intf;
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