Commit f7426b98 authored by Marek Szyprowski's avatar Marek Szyprowski Committed by Linus Torvalds

mm: cma: adjust address limit to avoid hitting low/high memory boundary

Russell King recently noticed that limiting default CMA region only to low
memory on ARM architecture causes serious memory management issues with
machines having a lot of memory (which is mainly available as high
memory).  More information can be found the following thread:

Those two patches removes this limit letting kernel to put default CMA
region into high memory when this is possible (there is enough high memory
available and architecture specific DMA limit fits).

This should solve strange OOM issues on systems with lots of RAM (i.e.
>1GiB) and large (>256M) CMA area.

This patch (of 2):

Automatically allocated regions should not cross low/high memory boundary,
because such regions cannot be later correctly initialized due to spanning
across two memory zones.  This patch adds a check for this case and a
simple code for moving region to low memory if automatically selected
address might not fit completely into high memory.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMarek Szyprowski <>
Acked-by: default avatarMichal Nazarewicz <>
Cc: Daniel Drake <>
Cc: Minchan Kim <>
Cc: Russell King <>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent d4932f9e
......@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/cma.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
struct cma {
unsigned long base_pfn;
......@@ -163,6 +164,8 @@ int __init cma_declare_contiguous(phys_addr_t base,
bool fixed, struct cma **res_cma)
struct cma *cma;
phys_addr_t memblock_end = memblock_end_of_DRAM();
phys_addr_t highmem_start = __pa(high_memory);
int ret = 0;
pr_debug("%s(size %lx, base %08lx, limit %08lx alignment %08lx)\n",
......@@ -196,6 +199,24 @@ int __init cma_declare_contiguous(phys_addr_t base,
if (!IS_ALIGNED(size >> PAGE_SHIFT, 1 << order_per_bit))
return -EINVAL;
* adjust limit to avoid crossing low/high memory boundary for
* automatically allocated regions
if (((limit == 0 || limit > memblock_end) &&
(memblock_end - size < highmem_start &&
memblock_end > highmem_start)) ||
(!fixed && limit > highmem_start && limit - size < highmem_start)) {
limit = highmem_start;
if (fixed && base < highmem_start && base+size > highmem_start) {
ret = -EINVAL;
pr_err("Region at %08lx defined on low/high memory boundary (%08lx)\n",
(unsigned long)base, (unsigned long)highmem_start);
goto err;
/* Reserve memory */
if (base && fixed) {
if (memblock_is_region_reserved(base, size) ||
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