tiny.c 6.23 KB
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/*
 * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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 * along with this program; if not, you can access it online at
 * http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html.
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 *
 * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
 *
 * Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
 *
 * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
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 *		Documentation/RCU
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 */
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#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
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#include <linux/notifier.h>
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#include <linux/rcupdate_wait.h>
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#include <linux/kernel.h>
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#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <linux/mutex.h>
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#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
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#include <linux/time.h>
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#include <linux/cpu.h>
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#include <linux/prefetch.h>
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#include "rcu.h"

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/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
struct rcu_ctrlblk {
	struct rcu_head *rcucblist;	/* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
	struct rcu_head **donetail;	/* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
	struct rcu_head **curtail;	/* ->next pointer of last CB. */
};

/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
	.donetail	= &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
	.curtail	= &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
};

static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
	.donetail	= &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
	.curtail	= &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
};
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void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
{
	wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_bh);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_barrier_bh);

void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
{
	wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_sched);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_barrier_sched);

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/*
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 * Helper function for rcu_sched_qs() and rcu_bh_qs().
 * Also irqs are disabled to avoid confusion due to interrupt handlers
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 * invoking call_rcu().
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 */
static int rcu_qsctr_help(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
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	if (rcp->donetail != rcp->curtail) {
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		rcp->donetail = rcp->curtail;
		return 1;
	}
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	return 0;
}

/*
 * Record an rcu quiescent state.  And an rcu_bh quiescent state while we
 * are at it, given that any rcu quiescent state is also an rcu_bh
 * quiescent state.  Use "+" instead of "||" to defeat short circuiting.
 */
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void rcu_sched_qs(void)
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{
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	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
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	if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk) +
	    rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
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		raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
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	local_irq_restore(flags);
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}

/*
 * Record an rcu_bh quiescent state.
 */
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void rcu_bh_qs(void)
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{
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	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
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	if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
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		raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
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	local_irq_restore(flags);
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}

/*
 * Check to see if the scheduling-clock interrupt came from an extended
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 * quiescent state, and, if so, tell RCU about it.  This function must
 * be called from hardirq context.  It is normally called from the
 * scheduling-clock interrupt.
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 */
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void rcu_check_callbacks(int user)
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{
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	if (user)
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		rcu_sched_qs();
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	else if (!in_softirq())
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		rcu_bh_qs();
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	if (user)
		rcu_note_voluntary_context_switch(current);
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}

/*
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 * Invoke the RCU callbacks on the specified rcu_ctrlkblk structure
 * whose grace period has elapsed.
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 */
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static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
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{
	struct rcu_head *next, *list;
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	unsigned long flags;
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	/* Move the ready-to-invoke callbacks to a local list. */
	local_irq_save(flags);
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	if (rcp->donetail == &rcp->rcucblist) {
		/* No callbacks ready, so just leave. */
		local_irq_restore(flags);
		return;
	}
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	list = rcp->rcucblist;
	rcp->rcucblist = *rcp->donetail;
	*rcp->donetail = NULL;
	if (rcp->curtail == rcp->donetail)
		rcp->curtail = &rcp->rcucblist;
	rcp->donetail = &rcp->rcucblist;
	local_irq_restore(flags);

	/* Invoke the callbacks on the local list. */
	while (list) {
		next = list->next;
		prefetch(next);
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		debug_rcu_head_unqueue(list);
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		local_bh_disable();
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		__rcu_reclaim("", list);
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		local_bh_enable();
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		list = next;
	}
}

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static __latent_entropy void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
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{
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	__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
	__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
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}

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/*
 * Wait for a grace period to elapse.  But it is illegal to invoke
 * synchronize_sched() from within an RCU read-side critical section.
 * Therefore, any legal call to synchronize_sched() is a quiescent
 * state, and so on a UP system, synchronize_sched() need do nothing.
 * Ditto for synchronize_rcu_bh().  (But Lai Jiangshan points out the
 * benefits of doing might_sleep() to reduce latency.)
 *
 * Cool, huh?  (Due to Josh Triplett.)
 */
void synchronize_sched(void)
{
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	RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
			 lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
			 lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
			 "Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU read-side critical section");
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);

/*
 * Helper function for call_rcu() and call_rcu_bh().
 */
static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
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		       rcu_callback_t func,
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		       struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
	unsigned long flags;

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	debug_rcu_head_queue(head);
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	head->func = func;
	head->next = NULL;
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	local_irq_save(flags);
	*rcp->curtail = head;
	rcp->curtail = &head->next;
	local_irq_restore(flags);
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	if (unlikely(is_idle_task(current))) {
		/* force scheduling for rcu_sched_qs() */
		resched_cpu(0);
	}
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}

/*
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 * Post an RCU callback to be invoked after the end of an RCU-sched grace
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 * period.  But since we have but one CPU, that would be after any
 * quiescent state.
 */
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void call_rcu_sched(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func)
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{
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	__call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_sched);
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/*
 * Post an RCU bottom-half callback to be invoked after any subsequent
 * quiescent state.
 */
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void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func)
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{
	__call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
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void __init rcu_init(void)
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{
	open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
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	rcu_early_boot_tests();
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}