umem.c 29.9 KB
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/*
 * mm.c - Micro Memory(tm) PCI memory board block device driver - v2.3
 *
 * (C) 2001 San Mehat <nettwerk@valinux.com>
 * (C) 2001 Johannes Erdfelt <jerdfelt@valinux.com>
 * (C) 2001 NeilBrown <neilb@cse.unsw.edu.au>
 *
 * This driver for the Micro Memory PCI Memory Module with Battery Backup
 * is Copyright Micro Memory Inc 2001-2002.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This driver is released to the public under the terms of the
 *  GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE version 2
 * See the file COPYING for details.
 *
 * This driver provides a standard block device interface for Micro Memory(tm)
 * PCI based RAM boards.
 * 10/05/01: Phap Nguyen - Rebuilt the driver
 * 10/22/01: Phap Nguyen - v2.1 Added disk partitioning
 * 29oct2001:NeilBrown   - Use make_request_fn instead of request_fn
 *                       - use stand disk partitioning (so fdisk works).
 * 08nov2001:NeilBrown	 - change driver name from "mm" to "umem"
 *			 - incorporate into main kernel
 * 08apr2002:NeilBrown   - Move some of interrupt handle to tasklet
 *			 - use spin_lock_bh instead of _irq
 *			 - Never block on make_request.  queue
 *			   bh's instead.
 *			 - unregister umem from devfs at mod unload
 *			 - Change version to 2.3
 * 07Nov2001:Phap Nguyen - Select pci read command: 06, 12, 15 (Decimal)
 * 07Jan2002: P. Nguyen  - Used PCI Memory Write & Invalidate for DMA
 * 15May2002:NeilBrown   - convert to bio for 2.5
 * 17May2002:NeilBrown   - remove init_mem initialisation.  Instead detect
 *			 - a sequence of writes that cover the card, and
 *			 - set initialised bit then.
 */

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#undef DEBUG	/* #define DEBUG if you want debugging info (pr_debug) */
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#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
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#include <linux/gfp.h>
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#include <linux/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
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#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
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#include <linux/fcntl.h>        /* O_ACCMODE */
#include <linux/hdreg.h>  /* HDIO_GETGEO */

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#include "umem.h"
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#include <linux/uaccess.h>
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#include <asm/io.h>

#define MM_MAXCARDS 4
#define MM_RAHEAD 2      /* two sectors */
#define MM_BLKSIZE 1024  /* 1k blocks */
#define MM_HARDSECT 512  /* 512-byte hardware sectors */
#define MM_SHIFT 6       /* max 64 partitions on 4 cards  */

/*
 * Version Information
 */

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#define DRIVER_NAME	"umem"
#define DRIVER_VERSION	"v2.3"
#define DRIVER_AUTHOR	"San Mehat, Johannes Erdfelt, NeilBrown"
#define DRIVER_DESC	"Micro Memory(tm) PCI memory board block driver"
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static int debug;
/* #define HW_TRACE(x)     writeb(x,cards[0].csr_remap + MEMCTRLSTATUS_MAGIC) */
#define HW_TRACE(x)

#define DEBUG_LED_ON_TRANSFER	0x01
#define DEBUG_BATTERY_POLLING	0x02

module_param(debug, int, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(debug, "Debug bitmask");

static int pci_read_cmd = 0x0C;		/* Read Multiple */
module_param(pci_read_cmd, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(pci_read_cmd, "PCI read command");

static int pci_write_cmd = 0x0F;	/* Write and Invalidate */
module_param(pci_write_cmd, int, 0);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(pci_write_cmd, "PCI write command");

static int pci_cmds;

static int major_nr;

#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/blkpg.h>

struct cardinfo {
	struct pci_dev	*dev;

	unsigned char	__iomem *csr_remap;
	unsigned int	mm_size;  /* size in kbytes */

	unsigned int	init_size; /* initial segment, in sectors,
				    * that we know to
				    * have been written
				    */
	struct bio	*bio, *currentbio, **biotail;
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	struct bvec_iter current_iter;
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	struct request_queue *queue;
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	struct mm_page {
		dma_addr_t		page_dma;
		struct mm_dma_desc	*desc;
		int	 		cnt, headcnt;
		struct bio		*bio, **biotail;
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		struct bvec_iter	iter;
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	} mm_pages[2];
#define DESC_PER_PAGE ((PAGE_SIZE*2)/sizeof(struct mm_dma_desc))

	int  Active, Ready;

	struct tasklet_struct	tasklet;
	unsigned int dma_status;

	struct {
		int		good;
		int		warned;
		unsigned long	last_change;
	} battery[2];

	spinlock_t 	lock;
	int		check_batteries;

	int		flags;
};

static struct cardinfo cards[MM_MAXCARDS];
static struct timer_list battery_timer;

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static int num_cards;
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static struct gendisk *mm_gendisk[MM_MAXCARDS];

static void check_batteries(struct cardinfo *card);

static int get_userbit(struct cardinfo *card, int bit)
{
	unsigned char led;

	led = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_LEDCTRL);
	return led & bit;
}
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static int set_userbit(struct cardinfo *card, int bit, unsigned char state)
{
	unsigned char led;

	led = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_LEDCTRL);
	if (state)
		led |= bit;
	else
		led &= ~bit;
	writeb(led, card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_LEDCTRL);

	return 0;
}
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/*
 * NOTE: For the power LED, use the LED_POWER_* macros since they differ
 */
static void set_led(struct cardinfo *card, int shift, unsigned char state)
{
	unsigned char led;

	led = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_LEDCTRL);
	if (state == LED_FLIP)
		led ^= (1<<shift);
	else {
		led &= ~(0x03 << shift);
		led |= (state << shift);
	}
	writeb(led, card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_LEDCTRL);

}

#ifdef MM_DIAG
static void dump_regs(struct cardinfo *card)
{
	unsigned char *p;
	int i, i1;

	p = card->csr_remap;
	for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "%p   ", p);

		for (i1 = 0; i1 < 16; i1++)
			printk("%02x ", *p++);

		printk("\n");
	}
}
#endif
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static void dump_dmastat(struct cardinfo *card, unsigned int dmastat)
{
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	dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &card->dev->dev, "DMAstat - ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_ANY_ERR)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "ANY_ERR ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_MBE_ERR)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "MBE_ERR ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_PARITY_ERR_REP)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "PARITY_ERR_REP ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_PARITY_ERR_DET)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "PARITY_ERR_DET ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_SYSTEM_ERR_SIG)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "SYSTEM_ERR_SIG ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_TARGET_ABT)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "TARGET_ABT ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_MASTER_ABT)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "MASTER_ABT ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_CHAIN_COMPLETE)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "CHAIN_COMPLETE ");
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	if (dmastat & DMASCR_DMA_COMPLETE)
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		printk(KERN_CONT "DMA_COMPLETE ");
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	printk("\n");
}

/*
 * Theory of request handling
 *
 * Each bio is assigned to one mm_dma_desc - which may not be enough FIXME
 * We have two pages of mm_dma_desc, holding about 64 descriptors
 * each.  These are allocated at init time.
 * One page is "Ready" and is either full, or can have request added.
 * The other page might be "Active", which DMA is happening on it.
 *
 * Whenever IO on the active page completes, the Ready page is activated
 * and the ex-Active page is clean out and made Ready.
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 * Otherwise the Ready page is only activated when it becomes full.
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 *
 * If a request arrives while both pages a full, it is queued, and b_rdev is
 * overloaded to record whether it was a read or a write.
 *
 * The interrupt handler only polls the device to clear the interrupt.
 * The processing of the result is done in a tasklet.
 */

static void mm_start_io(struct cardinfo *card)
{
	/* we have the lock, we know there is
	 * no IO active, and we know that card->Active
	 * is set
	 */
	struct mm_dma_desc *desc;
	struct mm_page *page;
	int offset;

	/* make the last descriptor end the chain */
	page = &card->mm_pages[card->Active];
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	pr_debug("start_io: %d %d->%d\n",
		card->Active, page->headcnt, page->cnt - 1);
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	desc = &page->desc[page->cnt-1];

	desc->control_bits |= cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_CHAIN_COMP_EN);
	desc->control_bits &= ~cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_CHAIN_EN);
	desc->sem_control_bits = desc->control_bits;

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	if (debug & DEBUG_LED_ON_TRANSFER)
		set_led(card, LED_REMOVE, LED_ON);

	desc = &page->desc[page->headcnt];
	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_PCI_ADDR);
	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_PCI_ADDR + 4);

	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_LOCAL_ADDR);
	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_LOCAL_ADDR + 4);

	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_TRANSFER_SIZE);
	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_TRANSFER_SIZE + 4);

	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_SEMAPHORE_ADDR);
	writel(0, card->csr_remap + DMA_SEMAPHORE_ADDR + 4);

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	offset = ((char *)desc) - ((char *)page->desc);
	writel(cpu_to_le32((page->page_dma+offset) & 0xffffffff),
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	       card->csr_remap + DMA_DESCRIPTOR_ADDR);
	/* Force the value to u64 before shifting otherwise >> 32 is undefined C
	 * and on some ports will do nothing ! */
	writel(cpu_to_le32(((u64)page->page_dma)>>32),
	       card->csr_remap + DMA_DESCRIPTOR_ADDR + 4);

	/* Go, go, go */
	writel(cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_GO | DMASCR_CHAIN_EN | pci_cmds),
	       card->csr_remap + DMA_STATUS_CTRL);
}

static int add_bio(struct cardinfo *card);

static void activate(struct cardinfo *card)
{
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	/* if No page is Active, and Ready is
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	 * not empty, then switch Ready page
	 * to active and start IO.
	 * Then add any bh's that are available to Ready
	 */

	do {
		while (add_bio(card))
			;

		if (card->Active == -1 &&
		    card->mm_pages[card->Ready].cnt > 0) {
			card->Active = card->Ready;
			card->Ready = 1-card->Ready;
			mm_start_io(card);
		}

	} while (card->Active == -1 && add_bio(card));
}

static inline void reset_page(struct mm_page *page)
{
	page->cnt = 0;
	page->headcnt = 0;
	page->bio = NULL;
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	page->biotail = &page->bio;
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}

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/*
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 * If there is room on Ready page, take
 * one bh off list and add it.
 * return 1 if there was room, else 0.
 */
static int add_bio(struct cardinfo *card)
{
	struct mm_page *p;
	struct mm_dma_desc *desc;
	dma_addr_t dma_handle;
	int offset;
	struct bio *bio;
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	struct bio_vec vec;
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	bio = card->currentbio;
	if (!bio && card->bio) {
		card->currentbio = card->bio;
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		card->current_iter = card->bio->bi_iter;
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		card->bio = card->bio->bi_next;
		if (card->bio == NULL)
			card->biotail = &card->bio;
		card->currentbio->bi_next = NULL;
		return 1;
	}
	if (!bio)
		return 0;

	if (card->mm_pages[card->Ready].cnt >= DESC_PER_PAGE)
		return 0;

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	vec = bio_iter_iovec(bio, card->current_iter);

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	dma_handle = pci_map_page(card->dev,
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				  vec.bv_page,
				  vec.bv_offset,
				  vec.bv_len,
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				  bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_READ ?
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				  PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE : PCI_DMA_TODEVICE);

	p = &card->mm_pages[card->Ready];
	desc = &p->desc[p->cnt];
	p->cnt++;
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	if (p->bio == NULL)
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		p->iter = card->current_iter;
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	if ((p->biotail) != &bio->bi_next) {
		*(p->biotail) = bio;
		p->biotail = &(bio->bi_next);
		bio->bi_next = NULL;
	}

	desc->data_dma_handle = dma_handle;

	desc->pci_addr = cpu_to_le64((u64)desc->data_dma_handle);
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	desc->local_addr = cpu_to_le64(card->current_iter.bi_sector << 9);
	desc->transfer_size = cpu_to_le32(vec.bv_len);
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	offset = (((char *)&desc->sem_control_bits) - ((char *)p->desc));
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	desc->sem_addr = cpu_to_le64((u64)(p->page_dma+offset));
	desc->zero1 = desc->zero2 = 0;
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	offset = (((char *)(desc+1)) - ((char *)p->desc));
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	desc->next_desc_addr = cpu_to_le64(p->page_dma+offset);
	desc->control_bits = cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_GO|DMASCR_ERR_INT_EN|
					 DMASCR_PARITY_INT_EN|
					 DMASCR_CHAIN_EN |
					 DMASCR_SEM_EN |
					 pci_cmds);
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	if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE)
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		desc->control_bits |= cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_TRANSFER_READ);
	desc->sem_control_bits = desc->control_bits;

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	bio_advance_iter(bio, &card->current_iter, vec.bv_len);
	if (!card->current_iter.bi_size)
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		card->currentbio = NULL;

	return 1;
}

static void process_page(unsigned long data)
{
	/* check if any of the requests in the page are DMA_COMPLETE,
	 * and deal with them appropriately.
	 * If we find a descriptor without DMA_COMPLETE in the semaphore, then
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	 * dma must have hit an error on that descriptor, so use dma_status
	 * instead and assume that all following descriptors must be re-tried.
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	 */
	struct mm_page *page;
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	struct bio *return_bio = NULL;
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	struct cardinfo *card = (struct cardinfo *)data;
	unsigned int dma_status = card->dma_status;

	spin_lock_bh(&card->lock);
	if (card->Active < 0)
		goto out_unlock;
	page = &card->mm_pages[card->Active];
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	while (page->headcnt < page->cnt) {
		struct bio *bio = page->bio;
		struct mm_dma_desc *desc = &page->desc[page->headcnt];
		int control = le32_to_cpu(desc->sem_control_bits);
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		int last = 0;
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		struct bio_vec vec;
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		if (!(control & DMASCR_DMA_COMPLETE)) {
			control = dma_status;
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			last = 1;
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		}
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		page->headcnt++;
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		vec = bio_iter_iovec(bio, page->iter);
		bio_advance_iter(bio, &page->iter, vec.bv_len);

		if (!page->iter.bi_size) {
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			page->bio = bio->bi_next;
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			if (page->bio)
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				page->iter = page->bio->bi_iter;
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		}
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		pci_unmap_page(card->dev, desc->data_dma_handle,
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			       vec.bv_len,
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				 (control & DMASCR_TRANSFER_READ) ?
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				PCI_DMA_TODEVICE : PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE);
		if (control & DMASCR_HARD_ERROR) {
			/* error */
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			bio->bi_status = BLK_STS_IOERR;
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			dev_printk(KERN_WARNING, &card->dev->dev,
				"I/O error on sector %d/%d\n",
				le32_to_cpu(desc->local_addr)>>9,
				le32_to_cpu(desc->transfer_size));
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			dump_dmastat(card, control);
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		} else if (op_is_write(bio_op(bio)) &&
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			   le32_to_cpu(desc->local_addr) >> 9 ==
				card->init_size) {
			card->init_size += le32_to_cpu(desc->transfer_size) >> 9;
			if (card->init_size >> 1 >= card->mm_size) {
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				dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
					"memory now initialised\n");
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				set_userbit(card, MEMORY_INITIALIZED, 1);
			}
		}
		if (bio != page->bio) {
			bio->bi_next = return_bio;
			return_bio = bio;
		}

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		if (last)
			break;
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	}

	if (debug & DEBUG_LED_ON_TRANSFER)
		set_led(card, LED_REMOVE, LED_OFF);

	if (card->check_batteries) {
		card->check_batteries = 0;
		check_batteries(card);
	}
	if (page->headcnt >= page->cnt) {
		reset_page(page);
		card->Active = -1;
		activate(card);
	} else {
		/* haven't finished with this one yet */
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		pr_debug("do some more\n");
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		mm_start_io(card);
	}
 out_unlock:
	spin_unlock_bh(&card->lock);

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	while (return_bio) {
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		struct bio *bio = return_bio;

		return_bio = bio->bi_next;
		bio->bi_next = NULL;
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		bio_endio(bio);
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	}
}

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static void mm_unplug(struct blk_plug_cb *cb, bool from_schedule)
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{
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	struct cardinfo *card = cb->data;
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	spin_lock_irq(&card->lock);
	activate(card);
	spin_unlock_irq(&card->lock);
	kfree(cb);
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}

static int mm_check_plugged(struct cardinfo *card)
{
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	return !!blk_check_plugged(mm_unplug, card, sizeof(struct blk_plug_cb));
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}

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static blk_qc_t mm_make_request(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio)
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{
	struct cardinfo *card = q->queuedata;
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	pr_debug("mm_make_request %llu %u\n",
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		 (unsigned long long)bio->bi_iter.bi_sector,
		 bio->bi_iter.bi_size);
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	blk_queue_split(q, &bio);
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	spin_lock_irq(&card->lock);
	*card->biotail = bio;
	bio->bi_next = NULL;
	card->biotail = &bio->bi_next;
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	if (op_is_sync(bio->bi_opf) || !mm_check_plugged(card))
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		activate(card);
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	spin_unlock_irq(&card->lock);

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	return BLK_QC_T_NONE;
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}

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static irqreturn_t mm_interrupt(int irq, void *__card)
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{
	struct cardinfo *card = (struct cardinfo *) __card;
	unsigned int dma_status;
	unsigned short cfg_status;

HW_TRACE(0x30);

	dma_status = le32_to_cpu(readl(card->csr_remap + DMA_STATUS_CTRL));

	if (!(dma_status & (DMASCR_ERROR_MASK | DMASCR_CHAIN_COMPLETE))) {
		/* interrupt wasn't for me ... */
		return IRQ_NONE;
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	}
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	/* clear COMPLETION interrupts */
	if (card->flags & UM_FLAG_NO_BYTE_STATUS)
		writel(cpu_to_le32(DMASCR_DMA_COMPLETE|DMASCR_CHAIN_COMPLETE),
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		       card->csr_remap + DMA_STATUS_CTRL);
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	else
		writeb((DMASCR_DMA_COMPLETE|DMASCR_CHAIN_COMPLETE) >> 16,
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		       card->csr_remap + DMA_STATUS_CTRL + 2);
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	/* log errors and clear interrupt status */
	if (dma_status & DMASCR_ANY_ERR) {
		unsigned int	data_log1, data_log2;
		unsigned int	addr_log1, addr_log2;
		unsigned char	stat, count, syndrome, check;

		stat = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_ERRSTATUS);

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		data_log1 = le32_to_cpu(readl(card->csr_remap +
						ERROR_DATA_LOG));
		data_log2 = le32_to_cpu(readl(card->csr_remap +
						ERROR_DATA_LOG + 4));
		addr_log1 = le32_to_cpu(readl(card->csr_remap +
						ERROR_ADDR_LOG));
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		addr_log2 = readb(card->csr_remap + ERROR_ADDR_LOG + 4);

		count = readb(card->csr_remap + ERROR_COUNT);
		syndrome = readb(card->csr_remap + ERROR_SYNDROME);
		check = readb(card->csr_remap + ERROR_CHECK);

		dump_dmastat(card, dma_status);

		if (stat & 0x01)
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			dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
				"Memory access error detected (err count %d)\n",
				count);
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		if (stat & 0x02)
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			dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
				"Multi-bit EDC error\n");
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Fault Address 0x%02x%08x, Fault Data 0x%08x%08x\n",
			addr_log2, addr_log1, data_log2, data_log1);
		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Fault Check 0x%02x, Fault Syndrome 0x%02x\n",
			check, syndrome);
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		writeb(0, card->csr_remap + ERROR_COUNT);
	}

	if (dma_status & DMASCR_PARITY_ERR_REP) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"PARITY ERROR REPORTED\n");
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		pci_read_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, &cfg_status);
		pci_write_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, cfg_status);
	}

	if (dma_status & DMASCR_PARITY_ERR_DET) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"PARITY ERROR DETECTED\n");
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		pci_read_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, &cfg_status);
		pci_write_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, cfg_status);
	}

	if (dma_status & DMASCR_SYSTEM_ERR_SIG) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev, "SYSTEM ERROR\n");
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		pci_read_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, &cfg_status);
		pci_write_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, cfg_status);
	}

	if (dma_status & DMASCR_TARGET_ABT) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev, "TARGET ABORT\n");
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		pci_read_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, &cfg_status);
		pci_write_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, cfg_status);
	}

	if (dma_status & DMASCR_MASTER_ABT) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev, "MASTER ABORT\n");
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		pci_read_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, &cfg_status);
		pci_write_config_word(card->dev, PCI_STATUS, cfg_status);
	}

	/* and process the DMA descriptors */
	card->dma_status = dma_status;
	tasklet_schedule(&card->tasklet);

HW_TRACE(0x36);

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	return IRQ_HANDLED;
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}
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/*
 * If both batteries are good, no LED
 * If either battery has been warned, solid LED
 * If both batteries are bad, flash the LED quickly
 * If either battery is bad, flash the LED semi quickly
 */
static void set_fault_to_battery_status(struct cardinfo *card)
{
	if (card->battery[0].good && card->battery[1].good)
		set_led(card, LED_FAULT, LED_OFF);
	else if (card->battery[0].warned || card->battery[1].warned)
		set_led(card, LED_FAULT, LED_ON);
	else if (!card->battery[0].good && !card->battery[1].good)
		set_led(card, LED_FAULT, LED_FLASH_7_0);
	else
		set_led(card, LED_FAULT, LED_FLASH_3_5);
}

static void init_battery_timer(void);

static int check_battery(struct cardinfo *card, int battery, int status)
{
	if (status != card->battery[battery].good) {
		card->battery[battery].good = !card->battery[battery].good;
		card->battery[battery].last_change = jiffies;

		if (card->battery[battery].good) {
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			dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
				"Battery %d now good\n", battery + 1);
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			card->battery[battery].warned = 0;
		} else
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			dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
				"Battery %d now FAILED\n", battery + 1);
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		return 1;
	} else if (!card->battery[battery].good &&
		   !card->battery[battery].warned &&
		   time_after_eq(jiffies, card->battery[battery].last_change +
				 (HZ * 60 * 60 * 5))) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Battery %d still FAILED after 5 hours\n", battery + 1);
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		card->battery[battery].warned = 1;

		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}
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static void check_batteries(struct cardinfo *card)
{
	/* NOTE: this must *never* be called while the card
	 * is doing (bus-to-card) DMA, or you will need the
	 * reset switch
	 */
	unsigned char status;
	int ret1, ret2;

	status = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLSTATUS_BATTERY);
	if (debug & DEBUG_BATTERY_POLLING)
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		dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, &card->dev->dev,
			"checking battery status, 1 = %s, 2 = %s\n",
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		       (status & BATTERY_1_FAILURE) ? "FAILURE" : "OK",
		       (status & BATTERY_2_FAILURE) ? "FAILURE" : "OK");

	ret1 = check_battery(card, 0, !(status & BATTERY_1_FAILURE));
	ret2 = check_battery(card, 1, !(status & BATTERY_2_FAILURE));

	if (ret1 || ret2)
		set_fault_to_battery_status(card);
}

static void check_all_batteries(unsigned long ptr)
{
	int i;

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	for (i = 0; i < num_cards; i++)
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		if (!(cards[i].flags & UM_FLAG_NO_BATT)) {
			struct cardinfo *card = &cards[i];
			spin_lock_bh(&card->lock);
			if (card->Active >= 0)
				card->check_batteries = 1;
			else
				check_batteries(card);
			spin_unlock_bh(&card->lock);
		}

	init_battery_timer();
}
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static void init_battery_timer(void)
{
	init_timer(&battery_timer);
	battery_timer.function = check_all_batteries;
	battery_timer.expires = jiffies + (HZ * 60);
	add_timer(&battery_timer);
}
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static void del_battery_timer(void)
{
	del_timer(&battery_timer);
}
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/*
 * Note no locks taken out here.  In a worst case scenario, we could drop
 * a chunk of system memory.  But that should never happen, since validation
 * happens at open or mount time, when locks are held.
 *
 *	That's crap, since doing that while some partitions are opened
 * or mounted will give you really nasty results.
 */
static int mm_revalidate(struct gendisk *disk)
{
	struct cardinfo *card = disk->private_data;
	set_capacity(disk, card->mm_size << 1);
	return 0;
}
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static int mm_getgeo(struct block_device *bdev, struct hd_geometry *geo)
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{
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	struct cardinfo *card = bdev->bd_disk->private_data;
	int size = card->mm_size * (1024 / MM_HARDSECT);
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	/*
	 * get geometry: we have to fake one...  trim the size to a
	 * multiple of 2048 (1M): tell we have 32 sectors, 64 heads,
	 * whatever cylinders.
	 */
	geo->heads     = 64;
	geo->sectors   = 32;
	geo->cylinders = size / (geo->heads * geo->sectors);
	return 0;
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}
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static const struct block_device_operations mm_fops = {
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	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
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	.getgeo		= mm_getgeo,
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	.revalidate_disk = mm_revalidate,
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};
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static int mm_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
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{
	int ret = -ENODEV;
	struct cardinfo *card = &cards[num_cards];
	unsigned char	mem_present;
	unsigned char	batt_status;
	unsigned int	saved_bar, data;
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	unsigned long	csr_base;
	unsigned long	csr_len;
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	int		magic_number;
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	static int	printed_version;

	if (!printed_version++)
		printk(KERN_INFO DRIVER_VERSION " : " DRIVER_DESC "\n");
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	ret = pci_enable_device(dev);
	if (ret)
		return ret;
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	pci_write_config_byte(dev, PCI_LATENCY_TIMER, 0xF8);
	pci_set_master(dev);

	card->dev         = dev;

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	csr_base = pci_resource_start(dev, 0);
	csr_len  = pci_resource_len(dev, 0);
	if (!csr_base || !csr_len)
		return -ENODEV;
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	dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &dev->dev,
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	  "Micro Memory(tm) controller found (PCI Mem Module (Battery Backup))\n");
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	if (pci_set_dma_mask(dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(64)) &&
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	    pci_set_dma_mask(dev, DMA_BIT_MASK(32))) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_WARNING, &dev->dev, "NO suitable DMA found\n");
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		return  -ENOMEM;
	}
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	ret = pci_request_regions(dev, DRIVER_NAME);
	if (ret) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Unable to request memory region\n");
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		goto failed_req_csr;
	}

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	card->csr_remap = ioremap_nocache(csr_base, csr_len);
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	if (!card->csr_remap) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Unable to remap memory region\n");
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		ret = -ENOMEM;

		goto failed_remap_csr;
	}

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	dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
		"CSR 0x%08lx -> 0x%p (0x%lx)\n",
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	       csr_base, card->csr_remap, csr_len);
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	switch (card->dev->device) {
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	case 0x5415:
		card->flags |= UM_FLAG_NO_BYTE_STATUS | UM_FLAG_NO_BATTREG;
		magic_number = 0x59;
		break;

	case 0x5425:
		card->flags |= UM_FLAG_NO_BYTE_STATUS;
		magic_number = 0x5C;
		break;

	case 0x6155:
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		card->flags |= UM_FLAG_NO_BYTE_STATUS |
				UM_FLAG_NO_BATTREG | UM_FLAG_NO_BATT;
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		magic_number = 0x99;
		break;

	default:
		magic_number = 0x100;
		break;
	}

	if (readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLSTATUS_MAGIC) != magic_number) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev, "Magic number invalid\n");
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		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto failed_magic;
	}

	card->mm_pages[0].desc = pci_alloc_consistent(card->dev,
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						PAGE_SIZE * 2,
						&card->mm_pages[0].page_dma);
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	card->mm_pages[1].desc = pci_alloc_consistent(card->dev,
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						PAGE_SIZE * 2,
						&card->mm_pages[1].page_dma);
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	if (card->mm_pages[0].desc == NULL ||
	    card->mm_pages[1].desc == NULL) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev, "alloc failed\n");
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		goto failed_alloc;
	}
	reset_page(&card->mm_pages[0]);
	reset_page(&card->mm_pages[1]);
	card->Ready = 0;	/* page 0 is ready */
	card->Active = -1;	/* no page is active */
	card->bio = NULL;
	card->biotail = &card->bio;

	card->queue = blk_alloc_queue(GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!card->queue)
		goto failed_alloc;

	blk_queue_make_request(card->queue, mm_make_request);
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	card->queue->queue_lock = &card->lock;
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	card->queue->queuedata = card;

	tasklet_init(&card->tasklet, process_page, (unsigned long)card);

	card->check_batteries = 0;
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	mem_present = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLSTATUS_MEMORY);
	switch (mem_present) {
	case MEM_128_MB:
		card->mm_size = 1024 * 128;
		break;
	case MEM_256_MB:
		card->mm_size = 1024 * 256;
		break;
	case MEM_512_MB:
		card->mm_size = 1024 * 512;
		break;
	case MEM_1_GB:
		card->mm_size = 1024 * 1024;
		break;
	case MEM_2_GB:
		card->mm_size = 1024 * 2048;
		break;
	default:
		card->mm_size = 0;
		break;
	}

	/* Clear the LED's we control */
	set_led(card, LED_REMOVE, LED_OFF);
	set_led(card, LED_FAULT, LED_OFF);

	batt_status = readb(card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLSTATUS_BATTERY);

	card->battery[0].good = !(batt_status & BATTERY_1_FAILURE);
	card->battery[1].good = !(batt_status & BATTERY_2_FAILURE);
	card->battery[0].last_change = card->battery[1].last_change = jiffies;

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	if (card->flags & UM_FLAG_NO_BATT)
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		dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
			"Size %d KB\n", card->mm_size);
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	else {
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		dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
			"Size %d KB, Battery 1 %s (%s), Battery 2 %s (%s)\n",
		       card->mm_size,
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		       batt_status & BATTERY_1_DISABLED ? "Disabled" : "Enabled",
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		       card->battery[0].good ? "OK" : "FAILURE",
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		       batt_status & BATTERY_2_DISABLED ? "Disabled" : "Enabled",
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		       card->battery[1].good ? "OK" : "FAILURE");

		set_fault_to_battery_status(card);
	}

	pci_read_config_dword(dev, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1, &saved_bar);
	data = 0xffffffff;
	pci_write_config_dword(dev, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1, data);
	pci_read_config_dword(dev, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1, &data);
	pci_write_config_dword(dev, PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_1, saved_bar);
	data &= 0xfffffff0;
	data = ~data;
	data += 1;

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	if (request_irq(dev->irq, mm_interrupt, IRQF_SHARED, DRIVER_NAME,
			card)) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_ERR, &card->dev->dev,
			"Unable to allocate IRQ\n");
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		ret = -ENODEV;
		goto failed_req_irq;
	}

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	dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
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		"Window size %d bytes, IRQ %d\n", data, dev->irq);
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	spin_lock_init(&card->lock);
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	pci_set_drvdata(dev, card);

	if (pci_write_cmd != 0x0F) 	/* If not Memory Write & Invalidate */
		pci_write_cmd = 0x07;	/* then Memory Write command */

	if (pci_write_cmd & 0x08) { /* use Memory Write and Invalidate */
		unsigned short cfg_command;
		pci_read_config_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND, &cfg_command);
		cfg_command |= 0x10; /* Memory Write & Invalidate Enable */
		pci_write_config_word(dev, PCI_COMMAND, cfg_command);
	}
	pci_cmds = (pci_read_cmd << 28) | (pci_write_cmd << 24);

	num_cards++;

	if (!get_userbit(card, MEMORY_INITIALIZED)) {
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		dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
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		  "memory NOT initialized. Consider over-writing whole device.\n");
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		card->init_size = 0;
	} else {
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		dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &card->dev->dev,
			"memory already initialized\n");
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		card->init_size = card->mm_size;
	}

	/* Enable ECC */
	writeb(EDC_STORE_CORRECT, card->csr_remap + MEMCTRLCMD_ERRCTRL);

	return 0;

 failed_req_irq:
 failed_alloc:
	if (card->mm_pages[0].desc)
		pci_free_consistent(card->dev, PAGE_SIZE*2,
				    card->mm_pages[0].desc,
				    card->mm_pages[0].page_dma);
	if (card->mm_pages[1].desc)
		pci_free_consistent(card->dev, PAGE_SIZE*2,
				    card->mm_pages[1].desc,
				    card->mm_pages[1].page_dma);
 failed_magic:
	iounmap(card->csr_remap);
 failed_remap_csr:
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	pci_release_regions(dev);
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 failed_req_csr:

	return ret;
}
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static void mm_pci_remove(struct pci_dev *dev)
{
	struct cardinfo *card = pci_get_drvdata(dev);

	tasklet_kill(&card->tasklet);
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	free_irq(dev->irq, card);
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	iounmap(card->csr_remap);

	if (card->mm_pages[0].desc)
		pci_free_consistent(card->dev, PAGE_SIZE*2,
				    card->mm_pages[0].desc,
				    card->mm_pages[0].page_dma);
	if (card->mm_pages[1].desc)
		pci_free_consistent(card->dev, PAGE_SIZE*2,
				    card->mm_pages[1].desc,
				    card->mm_pages[1].page_dma);
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	blk_cleanup_queue(card->queue);
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	pci_release_regions(dev);
	pci_disable_device(dev);
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}

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static const struct pci_device_id mm_pci_ids[] = {
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    {PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_MICRO_MEMORY, PCI_DEVICE_ID_MICRO_MEMORY_5415CN)},
    {PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_MICRO_MEMORY, PCI_DEVICE_ID_MICRO_MEMORY_5425CN)},
    {PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_MICRO_MEMORY, PCI_DEVICE_ID_MICRO_MEMORY_6155)},
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    {
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	.vendor	=	0x8086,
	.device	=	0xB555,
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	.subvendor =	0x1332,
	.subdevice =	0x5460,
	.class =	0x050000,
	.class_mask =	0,
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    }, { /* end: all zeroes */ }
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};

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, mm_pci_ids);

static struct pci_driver mm_pci_driver = {
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	.name		= DRIVER_NAME,
	.id_table	= mm_pci_ids,
	.probe		= mm_pci_probe,
	.remove		= mm_pci_remove,
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};
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static int __init mm_init(void)
{
	int retval, i;
	int err;

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	retval = pci_register_driver(&mm_pci_driver);
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	if (retval)
		return -ENOMEM;

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	err = major_nr = register_blkdev(0, DRIVER_NAME);
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	if (err < 0) {
		pci_unregister_driver(&mm_pci_driver);
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		return -EIO;
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	}
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	for (i = 0; i < num_cards; i++) {
		mm_gendisk[i] = alloc_disk(1 << MM_SHIFT);
		if (!mm_gendisk[i])
			goto out;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < num_cards; i++) {
		struct gendisk *disk = mm_gendisk[i];
		sprintf(disk->disk_name, "umem%c", 'a'+i);
		spin_lock_init(&cards[i].lock);
		disk->major = major_nr;
		disk->first_minor  = i << MM_SHIFT;
		disk->fops = &mm_fops;
		disk->private_data = &cards[i];
		disk->queue = cards[i].queue;
		set_capacity(disk, cards[i].mm_size << 1);
		add_disk(disk);
	}

	init_battery_timer();
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	printk(KERN_INFO "MM: desc_per_page = %ld\n", DESC_PER_PAGE);
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/* printk("mm_init: Done. 10-19-01 9:00\n"); */
	return 0;

out:
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	pci_unregister_driver(&mm_pci_driver);
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	unregister_blkdev(major_nr, DRIVER_NAME);
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	while (i--)
		put_disk(mm_gendisk[i]);
	return -ENOMEM;
}
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static void __exit mm_cleanup(void)
{
	int i;

	del_battery_timer();

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	for (i = 0; i < num_cards ; i++) {
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		del_gendisk(mm_gendisk[i]);
		put_disk(mm_gendisk[i]);
	}

	pci_unregister_driver(&mm_pci_driver);

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	unregister_blkdev(major_nr, DRIVER_NAME);
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}

module_init(mm_init);
module_exit(mm_cleanup);

MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");