test_printf.c 12.4 KB
Newer Older
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
/*
 * Test cases for printf facility.
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/string.h>

15
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
16
#include <linux/dcache.h>
17 18 19
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/in.h>

20 21 22
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>

23
#define BUF_SIZE 256
24
#define PAD_SIZE 16
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
#define FILL_CHAR '$'

#define PTR1 ((void*)0x01234567)
#define PTR2 ((void*)(long)(int)0xfedcba98)

#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
#define PTR1_ZEROES "000000000"
#define PTR1_SPACES "         "
#define PTR1_STR "1234567"
#define PTR2_STR "fffffffffedcba98"
#define PTR_WIDTH 16
#else
#define PTR1_ZEROES "0"
#define PTR1_SPACES " "
#define PTR1_STR "1234567"
#define PTR2_STR "fedcba98"
#define PTR_WIDTH 8
#endif
#define PTR_WIDTH_STR stringify(PTR_WIDTH)

static unsigned total_tests __initdata;
static unsigned failed_tests __initdata;
static char *test_buffer __initdata;
48
static char *alloced_buffer __initdata;
49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58

static int __printf(4, 0) __init
do_test(int bufsize, const char *expect, int elen,
	const char *fmt, va_list ap)
{
	va_list aq;
	int ret, written;

	total_tests++;

59
	memset(alloced_buffer, FILL_CHAR, BUF_SIZE + 2*PAD_SIZE);
60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
	va_copy(aq, ap);
	ret = vsnprintf(test_buffer, bufsize, fmt, aq);
	va_end(aq);

	if (ret != elen) {
		pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, %d, \"%s\", ...) returned %d, expected %d\n",
			bufsize, fmt, ret, elen);
		return 1;
	}

70 71 72 73 74
	if (memchr_inv(alloced_buffer, FILL_CHAR, PAD_SIZE)) {
		pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, %d, \"%s\", ...) wrote before buffer\n", bufsize, fmt);
		return 1;
	}

75
	if (!bufsize) {
76
		if (memchr_inv(test_buffer, FILL_CHAR, BUF_SIZE + PAD_SIZE)) {
77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
			pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, 0, \"%s\", ...) wrote to buffer\n",
				fmt);
			return 1;
		}
		return 0;
	}

	written = min(bufsize-1, elen);
	if (test_buffer[written]) {
		pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, %d, \"%s\", ...) did not nul-terminate buffer\n",
			bufsize, fmt);
		return 1;
	}

91 92 93 94 95 96
	if (memchr_inv(test_buffer + written + 1, FILL_CHAR, BUF_SIZE + PAD_SIZE - (written + 1))) {
		pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, %d, \"%s\", ...) wrote beyond the nul-terminator\n",
			bufsize, fmt);
		return 1;
	}

97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111
	if (memcmp(test_buffer, expect, written)) {
		pr_warn("vsnprintf(buf, %d, \"%s\", ...) wrote '%s', expected '%.*s'\n",
			bufsize, fmt, test_buffer, written, expect);
		return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void __printf(3, 4) __init
__test(const char *expect, int elen, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list ap;
	int rand;
	char *p;

112 113 114 115 116 117
	if (elen >= BUF_SIZE) {
		pr_err("error in test suite: expected output length %d too long. Format was '%s'.\n",
		       elen, fmt);
		failed_tests++;
		return;
	}
118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134

	va_start(ap, fmt);

	/*
	 * Every fmt+args is subjected to four tests: Three where we
	 * tell vsnprintf varying buffer sizes (plenty, not quite
	 * enough and 0), and then we also test that kvasprintf would
	 * be able to print it as expected.
	 */
	failed_tests += do_test(BUF_SIZE, expect, elen, fmt, ap);
	rand = 1 + prandom_u32_max(elen+1);
	/* Since elen < BUF_SIZE, we have 1 <= rand <= BUF_SIZE. */
	failed_tests += do_test(rand, expect, elen, fmt, ap);
	failed_tests += do_test(0, expect, elen, fmt, ap);

	p = kvasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, fmt, ap);
	if (p) {
135
		total_tests++;
136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166
		if (memcmp(p, expect, elen+1)) {
			pr_warn("kvasprintf(..., \"%s\", ...) returned '%s', expected '%s'\n",
				fmt, p, expect);
			failed_tests++;
		}
		kfree(p);
	}
	va_end(ap);
}

#define test(expect, fmt, ...)					\
	__test(expect, strlen(expect), fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)

static void __init
test_basic(void)
{
	/* Work around annoying "warning: zero-length gnu_printf format string". */
	char nul = '\0';

	test("", &nul);
	test("100%", "100%%");
	test("xxx%yyy", "xxx%cyyy", '%');
	__test("xxx\0yyy", 7, "xxx%cyyy", '\0');
}

static void __init
test_number(void)
{
	test("0x1234abcd  ", "%#-12x", 0x1234abcd);
	test("  0x1234abcd", "%#12x", 0x1234abcd);
	test("0|001| 12|+123| 1234|-123|-1234", "%d|%03d|%3d|%+d|% d|%+d|% d", 0, 1, 12, 123, 1234, -123, -1234);
167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190
	test("0|1|1|128|255", "%hhu|%hhu|%hhu|%hhu|%hhu", 0, 1, 257, 128, -1);
	test("0|1|1|-128|-1", "%hhd|%hhd|%hhd|%hhd|%hhd", 0, 1, 257, 128, -1);
	test("2015122420151225", "%ho%ho%#ho", 1037, 5282, -11627);
	/*
	 * POSIX/C99: »The result of converting zero with an explicit
	 * precision of zero shall be no characters.« Hence the output
	 * from the below test should really be "00|0||| ". However,
	 * the kernel's printf also produces a single 0 in that
	 * case. This test case simply documents the current
	 * behaviour.
	 */
	test("00|0|0|0|0", "%.2d|%.1d|%.0d|%.*d|%1.0d", 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
#ifndef __CHAR_UNSIGNED__
	{
		/*
		 * Passing a 'char' to a %02x specifier doesn't do
		 * what was presumably the intention when char is
		 * signed and the value is negative. One must either &
		 * with 0xff or cast to u8.
		 */
		char val = -16;
		test("0xfffffff0|0xf0|0xf0", "%#02x|%#02x|%#02x", val, val & 0xff, (u8)val);
	}
#endif
191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198
}

static void __init
test_string(void)
{
	test("", "%s%.0s", "", "123");
	test("ABCD|abc|123", "%s|%.3s|%.*s", "ABCD", "abcdef", 3, "123456");
	test("1  |  2|3  |  4|5  ", "%-3s|%3s|%-*s|%*s|%*s", "1", "2", 3, "3", 3, "4", -3, "5");
199 200
	test("1234      ", "%-10.4s", "123456");
	test("      1234", "%10.4s", "123456");
201
	/*
202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212
	 * POSIX and C99 say that a negative precision (which is only
	 * possible to pass via a * argument) should be treated as if
	 * the precision wasn't present, and that if the precision is
	 * omitted (as in %.s), the precision should be taken to be
	 * 0. However, the kernel's printf behave exactly opposite,
	 * treating a negative precision as 0 and treating an omitted
	 * precision specifier as if no precision was given.
	 *
	 * These test cases document the current behaviour; should
	 * anyone ever feel the need to follow the standards more
	 * closely, this can be revisited.
213
	 */
214 215
	test("    ", "%4.*s", -5, "123456");
	test("123456", "%.s", "123456");
216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332
	test("a||", "%.s|%.0s|%.*s", "a", "b", 0, "c");
	test("a  |   |   ", "%-3.s|%-3.0s|%-3.*s", "a", "b", 0, "c");
}

static void __init
plain(void)
{
	test(PTR1_ZEROES PTR1_STR " " PTR2_STR, "%p %p", PTR1, PTR2);
	/*
	 * The field width is overloaded for some %p extensions to
	 * pass another piece of information. For plain pointers, the
	 * behaviour is slightly odd: One cannot pass either the 0
	 * flag nor a precision to %p without gcc complaining, and if
	 * one explicitly gives a field width, the number is no longer
	 * zero-padded.
	 */
	test("|" PTR1_STR PTR1_SPACES "  |  " PTR1_SPACES PTR1_STR "|",
	     "|%-*p|%*p|", PTR_WIDTH+2, PTR1, PTR_WIDTH+2, PTR1);
	test("|" PTR2_STR "  |  " PTR2_STR "|",
	     "|%-*p|%*p|", PTR_WIDTH+2, PTR2, PTR_WIDTH+2, PTR2);

	/*
	 * Unrecognized %p extensions are treated as plain %p, but the
	 * alphanumeric suffix is ignored (that is, does not occur in
	 * the output.)
	 */
	test("|"PTR1_ZEROES PTR1_STR"|", "|%p0y|", PTR1);
	test("|"PTR2_STR"|", "|%p0y|", PTR2);
}

static void __init
symbol_ptr(void)
{
}

static void __init
kernel_ptr(void)
{
}

static void __init
struct_resource(void)
{
}

static void __init
addr(void)
{
}

static void __init
escaped_str(void)
{
}

static void __init
hex_string(void)
{
	const char buf[3] = {0xc0, 0xff, 0xee};

	test("c0 ff ee|c0:ff:ee|c0-ff-ee|c0ffee",
	     "%3ph|%3phC|%3phD|%3phN", buf, buf, buf, buf);
	test("c0 ff ee|c0:ff:ee|c0-ff-ee|c0ffee",
	     "%*ph|%*phC|%*phD|%*phN", 3, buf, 3, buf, 3, buf, 3, buf);
}

static void __init
mac(void)
{
	const u8 addr[6] = {0x2d, 0x48, 0xd6, 0xfc, 0x7a, 0x05};

	test("2d:48:d6:fc:7a:05", "%pM", addr);
	test("05:7a:fc:d6:48:2d", "%pMR", addr);
	test("2d-48-d6-fc-7a-05", "%pMF", addr);
	test("2d48d6fc7a05", "%pm", addr);
	test("057afcd6482d", "%pmR", addr);
}

static void __init
ip4(void)
{
	struct sockaddr_in sa;

	sa.sin_family = AF_INET;
	sa.sin_port = cpu_to_be16(12345);
	sa.sin_addr.s_addr = cpu_to_be32(0x7f000001);

	test("127.000.000.001|127.0.0.1", "%pi4|%pI4", &sa.sin_addr, &sa.sin_addr);
	test("127.000.000.001|127.0.0.1", "%piS|%pIS", &sa, &sa);
	sa.sin_addr.s_addr = cpu_to_be32(0x01020304);
	test("001.002.003.004:12345|1.2.3.4:12345", "%piSp|%pISp", &sa, &sa);
}

static void __init
ip6(void)
{
}

static void __init
ip(void)
{
	ip4();
	ip6();
}

static void __init
uuid(void)
{
	const char uuid[16] = {0x0, 0x1, 0x2, 0x3, 0x4, 0x5, 0x6, 0x7,
			       0x8, 0x9, 0xa, 0xb, 0xc, 0xd, 0xe, 0xf};

	test("00010203-0405-0607-0809-0a0b0c0d0e0f", "%pUb", uuid);
	test("00010203-0405-0607-0809-0A0B0C0D0E0F", "%pUB", uuid);
	test("03020100-0504-0706-0809-0a0b0c0d0e0f", "%pUl", uuid);
	test("03020100-0504-0706-0809-0A0B0C0D0E0F", "%pUL", uuid);
}

333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347
static struct dentry test_dentry[4] __initdata = {
	{ .d_parent = &test_dentry[0],
	  .d_name = QSTR_INIT(test_dentry[0].d_iname, 3),
	  .d_iname = "foo" },
	{ .d_parent = &test_dentry[0],
	  .d_name = QSTR_INIT(test_dentry[1].d_iname, 5),
	  .d_iname = "bravo" },
	{ .d_parent = &test_dentry[1],
	  .d_name = QSTR_INIT(test_dentry[2].d_iname, 4),
	  .d_iname = "alfa" },
	{ .d_parent = &test_dentry[2],
	  .d_name = QSTR_INIT(test_dentry[3].d_iname, 5),
	  .d_iname = "romeo" },
};

348 349 350
static void __init
dentry(void)
{
351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361
	test("foo", "%pd", &test_dentry[0]);
	test("foo", "%pd2", &test_dentry[0]);

	test("romeo", "%pd", &test_dentry[3]);
	test("alfa/romeo", "%pd2", &test_dentry[3]);
	test("bravo/alfa/romeo", "%pd3", &test_dentry[3]);
	test("/bravo/alfa/romeo", "%pd4", &test_dentry[3]);
	test("/bravo/alfa", "%pd4", &test_dentry[2]);

	test("bravo/alfa  |bravo/alfa  ", "%-12pd2|%*pd2", &test_dentry[2], -12, &test_dentry[2]);
	test("  bravo/alfa|  bravo/alfa", "%12pd2|%*pd2", &test_dentry[2], 12, &test_dentry[2]);
362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373
}

static void __init
struct_va_format(void)
{
}

static void __init
struct_clk(void)
{
}

374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387
static void __init
large_bitmap(void)
{
	const int nbits = 1 << 16;
	unsigned long *bits = kcalloc(BITS_TO_LONGS(nbits), sizeof(long), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!bits)
		return;

	bitmap_set(bits, 1, 20);
	bitmap_set(bits, 60000, 15);
	test("1-20,60000-60014", "%*pbl", nbits, bits);
	kfree(bits);
}

388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406
static void __init
bitmap(void)
{
	DECLARE_BITMAP(bits, 20);
	const int primes[] = {2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19};
	int i;

	bitmap_zero(bits, 20);
	test("00000|00000", "%20pb|%*pb", bits, 20, bits);
	test("|", "%20pbl|%*pbl", bits, 20, bits);

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(primes); ++i)
		set_bit(primes[i], bits);
	test("a28ac|a28ac", "%20pb|%*pb", bits, 20, bits);
	test("2-3,5,7,11,13,17,19|2-3,5,7,11,13,17,19", "%20pbl|%*pbl", bits, 20, bits);

	bitmap_fill(bits, 20);
	test("fffff|fffff", "%20pb|%*pb", bits, 20, bits);
	test("0-19|0-19", "%20pbl|%*pbl", bits, 20, bits);
407 408

	large_bitmap();
409 410 411 412 413 414 415
}

static void __init
netdev_features(void)
{
}

416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464
static void __init
flags(void)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	gfp_t gfp;
	char *cmp_buffer;

	flags = 0;
	test("", "%pGp", &flags);

	/* Page flags should filter the zone id */
	flags = 1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS;
	test("", "%pGp", &flags);

	flags |= 1UL << PG_uptodate | 1UL << PG_dirty | 1UL << PG_lru
		| 1UL << PG_active | 1UL << PG_swapbacked;
	test("uptodate|dirty|lru|active|swapbacked", "%pGp", &flags);


	flags = VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC
			| VM_DENYWRITE;
	test("read|exec|mayread|maywrite|mayexec|denywrite", "%pGv", &flags);

	gfp = GFP_TRANSHUGE;
	test("GFP_TRANSHUGE", "%pGg", &gfp);

	gfp = GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_DMA;
	test("GFP_ATOMIC|GFP_DMA", "%pGg", &gfp);

	gfp = __GFP_ATOMIC;
	test("__GFP_ATOMIC", "%pGg", &gfp);

	cmp_buffer = kmalloc(BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!cmp_buffer)
		return;

	/* Any flags not translated by the table should remain numeric */
	gfp = ~__GFP_BITS_MASK;
	snprintf(cmp_buffer, BUF_SIZE, "%#lx", (unsigned long) gfp);
	test(cmp_buffer, "%pGg", &gfp);

	snprintf(cmp_buffer, BUF_SIZE, "__GFP_ATOMIC|%#lx",
							(unsigned long) gfp);
	gfp |= __GFP_ATOMIC;
	test(cmp_buffer, "%pGg", &gfp);

	kfree(cmp_buffer);
}

465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482
static void __init
test_pointer(void)
{
	plain();
	symbol_ptr();
	kernel_ptr();
	struct_resource();
	addr();
	escaped_str();
	hex_string();
	mac();
	ip();
	uuid();
	dentry();
	struct_va_format();
	struct_clk();
	bitmap();
	netdev_features();
483
	flags();
484 485 486 487 488
}

static int __init
test_printf_init(void)
{
489 490
	alloced_buffer = kmalloc(BUF_SIZE + 2*PAD_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!alloced_buffer)
491
		return -ENOMEM;
492
	test_buffer = alloced_buffer + PAD_SIZE;
493 494 495 496 497 498

	test_basic();
	test_number();
	test_string();
	test_pointer();

499
	kfree(alloced_buffer);
500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512

	if (failed_tests == 0)
		pr_info("all %u tests passed\n", total_tests);
	else
		pr_warn("failed %u out of %u tests\n", failed_tests, total_tests);

	return failed_tests ? -EINVAL : 0;
}

module_init(test_printf_init);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");