Commit ad4ecbcb authored by Shailabh Nagar's avatar Shailabh Nagar Committed by Linus Torvalds

[PATCH] delay accounting taskstats interface send tgid once

Send per-tgid data only once during exit of a thread group instead of once
with each member thread exit.

Currently, when a thread exits, besides its per-tid data, the per-tgid data
of its thread group is also sent out, if its thread group is non-empty.
The per-tgid data sent consists of the sum of per-tid stats for all
*remaining* threads of the thread group.

This patch modifies this sending in two ways:

- the per-tgid data is sent only when the last thread of a thread group
  exits.  This cuts down heavily on the overhead of sending/receiving
  per-tgid data, especially when other exploiters of the taskstats
  interface aren't interested in per-tgid stats

- the semantics of the per-tgid data sent are changed.  Instead of being
  the sum of per-tid data for remaining threads, the value now sent is the
  true total accumalated statistics for all threads that are/were part of
  the thread group.

The patch also addresses a minor issue where failure of one accounting
subsystem to fill in the taskstats structure was causing the send of
taskstats to not be sent at all.

The patch has been tested for stability and run cerberus for over 4 hours
on an SMP.

[akpm@osdl.org: bugfixes]
Signed-off-by: default avatarShailabh Nagar <nagar@watson.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarBalbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com>
Cc: Jay Lan <jlan@engr.sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
parent 25890454
......@@ -48,9 +48,10 @@ counter (say cpu_delay_total) for a task will give the delay
experienced by the task waiting for the corresponding resource
in that interval.
When a task exits, records containing the per-task and per-process statistics
are sent to userspace without requiring a command. More details are given in
the taskstats interface description.
When a task exits, records containing the per-task statistics
are sent to userspace without requiring a command. If it is the last exiting
task of a thread group, the per-tgid statistics are also sent. More details
are given in the taskstats interface description.
The getdelays.c userspace utility in this directory allows simple commands to
be run and the corresponding delay statistics to be displayed. It also serves
......@@ -107,9 +108,3 @@ IO count delay total
0 0
MEM count delay total
0 0
......@@ -32,12 +32,11 @@ The response contains statistics for a task (if pid is specified) or the sum of
statistics for all tasks of the process (if tgid is specified).
To obtain statistics for tasks which are exiting, userspace opens a multicast
netlink socket. Each time a task exits, two records are sent by the kernel to
each listener on the multicast socket. The first the per-pid task's statistics
and the second is the sum for all tasks of the process to which the task
belongs (the task does not need to be the thread group leader). The need for
per-tgid stats to be sent for each exiting task is explained in the per-tgid
stats section below.
netlink socket. Each time a task exits, its per-pid statistics is always sent
by the kernel to each listener on the multicast socket. In addition, if it is
the last thread exiting its thread group, an additional record containing the
per-tgid stats are also sent. The latter contains the sum of per-pid stats for
all threads in the thread group, both past and present.
getdelays.c is a simple utility demonstrating usage of the taskstats interface
for reporting delay accounting statistics.
......@@ -104,20 +103,14 @@ stats in userspace alone is inefficient and potentially inaccurate (due to lack
of atomicity).
However, maintaining per-process, in addition to per-task stats, within the
kernel has space and time overheads. Hence the taskstats implementation
dynamically sums up the per-task stats for each task belonging to a process
whenever per-process stats are needed.
Not maintaining per-tgid stats creates a problem when userspace is interested
in getting these stats when the process dies i.e. the last thread of
a process exits. It isn't possible to simply return some aggregated per-process
statistic from the kernel.
The approach taken by taskstats is to return the per-tgid stats *each* time
a task exits, in addition to the per-pid stats for that task. Userspace can
maintain task<->process mappings and use them to maintain the per-process stats
in userspace, updating the aggregate appropriately as the tasks of a process
exit.
kernel has space and time overheads. To address this, the taskstats code
accumalates each exiting task's statistics into a process-wide data structure.
When the last task of a process exits, the process level data accumalated also
gets sent to userspace (along with the per-task data).
When a user queries to get per-tgid data, the sum of all other live threads in
the group is added up and added to the accumalated total for previously exited
threads of the same thread group.
Extending taskstats
-------------------
......
......@@ -2240,6 +2240,12 @@ M: tsbogend@alpha.franken.de
L: netdev@vger.kernel.org
S: Maintained
PER-TASK DELAY ACCOUNTING
P: Shailabh Nagar
M: nagar@watson.ibm.com
L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Maintained
PERSONALITY HANDLING
P: Christoph Hellwig
M: hch@infradead.org
......@@ -2767,6 +2773,12 @@ P: Deepak Saxena
M: dsaxena@plexity.net
S: Maintained
TASKSTATS STATISTICS INTERFACE
P: Shailabh Nagar
M: nagar@watson.ibm.com
L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Maintained
TI PARALLEL LINK CABLE DRIVER
P: Romain Lievin
M: roms@lpg.ticalc.org
......
......@@ -463,6 +463,10 @@ struct signal_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_BSD_PROCESS_ACCT
struct pacct_struct pacct; /* per-process accounting information */
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TASKSTATS
spinlock_t stats_lock;
struct taskstats *stats;
#endif
};
/* Context switch must be unlocked if interrupts are to be enabled */
......
......@@ -19,36 +19,75 @@ enum {
extern kmem_cache_t *taskstats_cache;
extern struct mutex taskstats_exit_mutex;
static inline void taskstats_exit_alloc(struct taskstats **ptidstats,
struct taskstats **ptgidstats)
static inline void taskstats_exit_alloc(struct taskstats **ptidstats)
{
*ptidstats = kmem_cache_zalloc(taskstats_cache, SLAB_KERNEL);
*ptgidstats = kmem_cache_zalloc(taskstats_cache, SLAB_KERNEL);
}
static inline void taskstats_exit_free(struct taskstats *tidstats,
struct taskstats *tgidstats)
static inline void taskstats_exit_free(struct taskstats *tidstats)
{
if (tidstats)
kmem_cache_free(taskstats_cache, tidstats);
if (tgidstats)
kmem_cache_free(taskstats_cache, tgidstats);
}
extern void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *, struct taskstats *,
struct taskstats *);
extern void taskstats_init_early(void);
static inline void taskstats_tgid_init(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
spin_lock_init(&sig->stats_lock);
sig->stats = NULL;
}
static inline void taskstats_tgid_alloc(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
struct taskstats *stats;
unsigned long flags;
stats = kmem_cache_zalloc(taskstats_cache, SLAB_KERNEL);
if (!stats)
return;
spin_lock_irqsave(&sig->stats_lock, flags);
if (!sig->stats) {
sig->stats = stats;
stats = NULL;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sig->stats_lock, flags);
if (stats)
kmem_cache_free(taskstats_cache, stats);
}
static inline void taskstats_tgid_free(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
struct taskstats *stats = NULL;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&sig->stats_lock, flags);
if (sig->stats) {
stats = sig->stats;
sig->stats = NULL;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&sig->stats_lock, flags);
if (stats)
kmem_cache_free(taskstats_cache, stats);
}
extern void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *, struct taskstats *, int);
extern void taskstats_init_early(void);
extern void taskstats_tgid_alloc(struct signal_struct *);
#else
static inline void taskstats_exit_alloc(struct taskstats **ptidstats,
struct taskstats **ptgidstats)
static inline void taskstats_exit_alloc(struct taskstats **ptidstats)
{}
static inline void taskstats_exit_free(struct taskstats *ptidstats,
struct taskstats *ptgidstats)
static inline void taskstats_exit_free(struct taskstats *ptidstats)
{}
static inline void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk,
struct taskstats *tidstats,
struct taskstats *tgidstats)
struct taskstats *tidstats,
int group_dead)
{}
static inline void taskstats_tgid_init(struct signal_struct *sig)
{}
static inline void taskstats_tgid_alloc(struct signal_struct *sig)
{}
static inline void taskstats_tgid_free(struct signal_struct *sig)
{}
static inline void taskstats_init_early(void)
{}
......
......@@ -845,7 +845,7 @@ static void exit_notify(struct task_struct *tsk)
fastcall NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long code)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
struct taskstats *tidstats, *tgidstats;
struct taskstats *tidstats;
int group_dead;
profile_task_exit(tsk);
......@@ -884,7 +884,7 @@ fastcall NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long code)
current->comm, current->pid,
preempt_count());
taskstats_exit_alloc(&tidstats, &tgidstats);
taskstats_exit_alloc(&tidstats);
acct_update_integrals(tsk);
if (tsk->mm) {
......@@ -905,8 +905,8 @@ fastcall NORET_TYPE void do_exit(long code)
#endif
if (unlikely(tsk->audit_context))
audit_free(tsk);
taskstats_exit_send(tsk, tidstats, tgidstats);
taskstats_exit_free(tidstats, tgidstats);
taskstats_exit_send(tsk, tidstats, group_dead);
taskstats_exit_free(tidstats);
delayacct_tsk_exit(tsk);
exit_mm(tsk);
......
......@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#include <linux/acct.h>
#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/taskstats_kern.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
......@@ -819,6 +820,7 @@ static inline int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * ts
if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD) {
atomic_inc(&current->signal->count);
atomic_inc(&current->signal->live);
taskstats_tgid_alloc(current->signal);
return 0;
}
sig = kmem_cache_alloc(signal_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
......@@ -863,6 +865,7 @@ static inline int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * ts
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[0]);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[1]);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sig->cpu_timers[2]);
taskstats_tgid_init(sig);
task_lock(current->group_leader);
memcpy(sig->rlim, current->signal->rlim, sizeof sig->rlim);
......@@ -884,6 +887,7 @@ static inline int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct * ts
void __cleanup_signal(struct signal_struct *sig)
{
exit_thread_group_keys(sig);
taskstats_tgid_free(sig);
kmem_cache_free(signal_cachep, sig);
}
......
......@@ -132,46 +132,79 @@ static int fill_pid(pid_t pid, struct task_struct *pidtsk,
static int fill_tgid(pid_t tgid, struct task_struct *tgidtsk,
struct taskstats *stats)
{
int rc;
struct task_struct *tsk, *first;
unsigned long flags;
/*
* Add additional stats from live tasks except zombie thread group
* leaders who are already counted with the dead tasks
*/
first = tgidtsk;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (!first) {
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
first = find_task_by_pid(tgid);
if (!first) {
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
return -ESRCH;
}
}
get_task_struct(first);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
} else
get_task_struct(first);
/* Start with stats from dead tasks */
spin_lock_irqsave(&first->signal->stats_lock, flags);
if (first->signal->stats)
memcpy(stats, first->signal->stats, sizeof(*stats));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&first->signal->stats_lock, flags);
tsk = first;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
do {
if (tsk->exit_state == EXIT_ZOMBIE && thread_group_leader(tsk))
continue;
/*
* Each accounting subsystem adds calls its functions to
* Accounting subsystem can call its functions here to
* fill in relevant parts of struct taskstsats as follows
*
* rc = per-task-foo(stats, tsk);
* if (rc)
* break;
* per-task-foo(stats, tsk);
*/
rc = delayacct_add_tsk(stats, tsk);
if (rc)
break;
delayacct_add_tsk(stats, tsk);
} while_each_thread(first, tsk);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
stats->version = TASKSTATS_VERSION;
/*
* Accounting subsytems can also add calls here if they don't
* wish to aggregate statistics for per-tgid stats
* Accounting subsytems can also add calls here to modify
* fields of taskstats.
*/
return rc;
return 0;
}
static void fill_tgid_exit(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->signal->stats_lock, flags);
if (!tsk->signal->stats)
goto ret;
/*
* Each accounting subsystem calls its functions here to
* accumalate its per-task stats for tsk, into the per-tgid structure
*
* per-task-foo(tsk->signal->stats, tsk);
*/
delayacct_add_tsk(tsk->signal->stats, tsk);
ret:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->signal->stats_lock, flags);
return;
}
static int taskstats_send_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
{
int rc = 0;
......@@ -230,7 +263,7 @@ static int taskstats_send_stats(struct sk_buff *skb, struct genl_info *info)
/* Send pid data out on exit */
void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk, struct taskstats *tidstats,
struct taskstats *tgidstats)
int group_dead)
{
int rc;
struct sk_buff *rep_skb;
......@@ -238,13 +271,16 @@ void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk, struct taskstats *tidstats,
size_t size;
int is_thread_group;
struct nlattr *na;
unsigned long flags;
if (!family_registered || !tidstats)
return;
is_thread_group = !thread_group_empty(tsk);
rc = 0;
spin_lock_irqsave(&tsk->signal->stats_lock, flags);
is_thread_group = tsk->signal->stats ? 1 : 0;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&tsk->signal->stats_lock, flags);
rc = 0;
/*
* Size includes space for nested attributes
*/
......@@ -268,30 +304,28 @@ void taskstats_exit_send(struct task_struct *tsk, struct taskstats *tidstats,
*tidstats);
nla_nest_end(rep_skb, na);
if (!is_thread_group || !tgidstats) {
send_reply(rep_skb, 0, TASKSTATS_MSG_MULTICAST);
goto ret;
}
if (!is_thread_group)
goto send;
rc = fill_tgid(tsk->pid, tsk, tgidstats);
/*
* If fill_tgid() failed then one probable reason could be that the
* thread group leader has exited. fill_tgid() will fail, send out
* the pid statistics collected earlier.
* tsk has/had a thread group so fill the tsk->signal->stats structure
* Doesn't matter if tsk is the leader or the last group member leaving
*/
if (rc < 0) {
send_reply(rep_skb, 0, TASKSTATS_MSG_MULTICAST);
goto ret;
}
fill_tgid_exit(tsk);
if (!group_dead)
goto send;
na = nla_nest_start(rep_skb, TASKSTATS_TYPE_AGGR_TGID);
NLA_PUT_U32(rep_skb, TASKSTATS_TYPE_TGID, (u32)tsk->tgid);
/* No locking needed for tsk->signal->stats since group is dead */
NLA_PUT_TYPE(rep_skb, struct taskstats, TASKSTATS_TYPE_STATS,
*tgidstats);
*tsk->signal->stats);
nla_nest_end(rep_skb, na);
send:
send_reply(rep_skb, 0, TASKSTATS_MSG_MULTICAST);
goto ret;
return;
nla_put_failure:
genlmsg_cancel(rep_skb, reply);
......
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