Commit af3137f1 authored by Mauro Carvalho Chehab's avatar Mauro Carvalho Chehab Committed by Jonathan Corbet

rpmsg.txt: standardize document format

Each text file under Documentation follows a different
format. Some doesn't even have titles!

Change its representation to follow the adopted standard,
using ReST markups for it to be parseable by Sphinx:

- mark document and chapter titles;
- mark notes;
- mark literal blocks;
- adjust identation.
Signed-off-by: default avatarMauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@s-opensource.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
parent 773810d3
============================================
Remote Processor Messaging (rpmsg) Framework
============================================
Note: this document describes the rpmsg bus and how to write rpmsg drivers.
To learn how to add rpmsg support for new platforms, check out remoteproc.txt
(also a resident of Documentation/).
.. note::
1. Introduction
This document describes the rpmsg bus and how to write rpmsg drivers.
To learn how to add rpmsg support for new platforms, check out remoteproc.txt
(also a resident of Documentation/).
Introduction
============
Modern SoCs typically employ heterogeneous remote processor devices in
asymmetric multiprocessing (AMP) configurations, which may be running
......@@ -58,170 +63,222 @@ to their destination address (this is done by invoking the driver's rx handler
with the payload of the inbound message).
2. User API
User API
========
::
int rpmsg_send(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len);
- sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
and its length (in bytes). The message will be sent on the specified
channel, i.e. its source and destination address fields will be
set to the channel's src and dst addresses.
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
and its length (in bytes). The message will be sent on the specified
channel, i.e. its source and destination address fields will be
set to the channel's src and dst addresses.
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
int rpmsg_sendto(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len, u32 dst);
- sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel,
to a destination address provided by the caller.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and an explicit destination address.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, using the channel's src address, and the user-provided
dst address (thus the channel's dst address will be ignored).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel,
to a destination address provided by the caller.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and an explicit destination address.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, using the channel's src address, and the user-provided
dst address (thus the channel's dst address will be ignored).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
int rpmsg_send_offchannel(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, u32 src, u32 dst,
void *data, int len);
- sends a message across to the remote processor, using the src and dst
addresses provided by the user.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and explicit source and destination addresses.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, but the channel's src and dst addresses will be
ignored (and the user-provided addresses will be used instead).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor, using the src and dst
addresses provided by the user.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and explicit source and destination addresses.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, but the channel's src and dst addresses will be
ignored (and the user-provided addresses will be used instead).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will block until
one becomes available (i.e. until the remote processor consumes
a tx buffer and puts it back on virtio's used descriptor ring),
or a timeout of 15 seconds elapses. When the latter happens,
-ERESTARTSYS is returned.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
int rpmsg_trysend(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len);
- sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
and its length (in bytes). The message will be sent on the specified
channel, i.e. its source and destination address fields will be
set to the channel's src and dst addresses.
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel.
The caller should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
and its length (in bytes). The message will be sent on the specified
channel, i.e. its source and destination address fields will be
set to the channel's src and dst addresses.
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
int rpmsg_trysendto(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len, u32 dst)
- sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel,
to a destination address provided by the user.
The user should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and an explicit destination address.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, using the channel's src address, and the user-provided
dst address (thus the channel's dst address will be ignored).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor on a given channel,
to a destination address provided by the user.
The user should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and an explicit destination address.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, using the channel's src address, and the user-provided
dst address (thus the channel's dst address will be ignored).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
int rpmsg_trysend_offchannel(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, u32 src, u32 dst,
void *data, int len);
- sends a message across to the remote processor, using source and
destination addresses provided by the user.
The user should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and explicit source and destination addresses.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, but the channel's src and dst addresses will be
ignored (and the user-provided addresses will be used instead).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
sends a message across to the remote processor, using source and
destination addresses provided by the user.
The user should specify the channel, the data it wants to send,
its length (in bytes), and explicit source and destination addresses.
The message will then be sent to the remote processor to which the
channel belongs, but the channel's src and dst addresses will be
ignored (and the user-provided addresses will be used instead).
In case there are no TX buffers available, the function will immediately
return -ENOMEM without waiting until one becomes available.
The function can only be called from a process context (for now).
Returns 0 on success and an appropriate error value on failure.
::
struct rpmsg_endpoint *rpmsg_create_ept(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev,
void (*cb)(struct rpmsg_channel *, void *, int, void *, u32),
void *priv, u32 addr);
- every rpmsg address in the system is bound to an rx callback (so when
inbound messages arrive, they are dispatched by the rpmsg bus using the
appropriate callback handler) by means of an rpmsg_endpoint struct.
This function allows drivers to create such an endpoint, and by that,
bind a callback, and possibly some private data too, to an rpmsg address
(either one that is known in advance, or one that will be dynamically
assigned for them).
Simple rpmsg drivers need not call rpmsg_create_ept, because an endpoint
is already created for them when they are probed by the rpmsg bus
(using the rx callback they provide when they registered to the rpmsg bus).
So things should just work for simple drivers: they already have an
endpoint, their rx callback is bound to their rpmsg address, and when
relevant inbound messages arrive (i.e. messages which their dst address
equals to the src address of their rpmsg channel), the driver's handler
is invoked to process it.
That said, more complicated drivers might do need to allocate
additional rpmsg addresses, and bind them to different rx callbacks.
To accomplish that, those drivers need to call this function.
Drivers should provide their channel (so the new endpoint would bind
to the same remote processor their channel belongs to), an rx callback
function, an optional private data (which is provided back when the
rx callback is invoked), and an address they want to bind with the
callback. If addr is RPMSG_ADDR_ANY, then rpmsg_create_ept will
dynamically assign them an available rpmsg address (drivers should have
a very good reason why not to always use RPMSG_ADDR_ANY here).
Returns a pointer to the endpoint on success, or NULL on error.
every rpmsg address in the system is bound to an rx callback (so when
inbound messages arrive, they are dispatched by the rpmsg bus using the
appropriate callback handler) by means of an rpmsg_endpoint struct.
This function allows drivers to create such an endpoint, and by that,
bind a callback, and possibly some private data too, to an rpmsg address
(either one that is known in advance, or one that will be dynamically
assigned for them).
Simple rpmsg drivers need not call rpmsg_create_ept, because an endpoint
is already created for them when they are probed by the rpmsg bus
(using the rx callback they provide when they registered to the rpmsg bus).
So things should just work for simple drivers: they already have an
endpoint, their rx callback is bound to their rpmsg address, and when
relevant inbound messages arrive (i.e. messages which their dst address
equals to the src address of their rpmsg channel), the driver's handler
is invoked to process it.
That said, more complicated drivers might do need to allocate
additional rpmsg addresses, and bind them to different rx callbacks.
To accomplish that, those drivers need to call this function.
Drivers should provide their channel (so the new endpoint would bind
to the same remote processor their channel belongs to), an rx callback
function, an optional private data (which is provided back when the
rx callback is invoked), and an address they want to bind with the
callback. If addr is RPMSG_ADDR_ANY, then rpmsg_create_ept will
dynamically assign them an available rpmsg address (drivers should have
a very good reason why not to always use RPMSG_ADDR_ANY here).
Returns a pointer to the endpoint on success, or NULL on error.
::
void rpmsg_destroy_ept(struct rpmsg_endpoint *ept);
- destroys an existing rpmsg endpoint. user should provide a pointer
to an rpmsg endpoint that was previously created with rpmsg_create_ept().
destroys an existing rpmsg endpoint. user should provide a pointer
to an rpmsg endpoint that was previously created with rpmsg_create_ept().
::
int register_rpmsg_driver(struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv);
- registers an rpmsg driver with the rpmsg bus. user should provide
a pointer to an rpmsg_driver struct, which contains the driver's
->probe() and ->remove() functions, an rx callback, and an id_table
specifying the names of the channels this driver is interested to
be probed with.
registers an rpmsg driver with the rpmsg bus. user should provide
a pointer to an rpmsg_driver struct, which contains the driver's
->probe() and ->remove() functions, an rx callback, and an id_table
specifying the names of the channels this driver is interested to
be probed with.
::
void unregister_rpmsg_driver(struct rpmsg_driver *rpdrv);
- unregisters an rpmsg driver from the rpmsg bus. user should provide
a pointer to a previously-registered rpmsg_driver struct.
Returns 0 on success, and an appropriate error value on failure.
3. Typical usage
unregisters an rpmsg driver from the rpmsg bus. user should provide
a pointer to a previously-registered rpmsg_driver struct.
Returns 0 on success, and an appropriate error value on failure.
Typical usage
=============
The following is a simple rpmsg driver, that sends an "hello!" message
on probe(), and whenever it receives an incoming message, it dumps its
content to the console.
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/rpmsg.h>
::
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/rpmsg.h>
static void rpmsg_sample_cb(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len,
static void rpmsg_sample_cb(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev, void *data, int len,
void *priv, u32 src)
{
{
print_hex_dump(KERN_INFO, "incoming message:", DUMP_PREFIX_NONE,
16, 1, data, len, true);
}
}
static int rpmsg_sample_probe(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev)
{
static int rpmsg_sample_probe(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev)
{
int err;
dev_info(&rpdev->dev, "chnl: 0x%x -> 0x%x\n", rpdev->src, rpdev->dst);
......@@ -234,32 +291,35 @@ static int rpmsg_sample_probe(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev)
}
return 0;
}
}
static void rpmsg_sample_remove(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev)
{
static void rpmsg_sample_remove(struct rpmsg_channel *rpdev)
{
dev_info(&rpdev->dev, "rpmsg sample client driver is removed\n");
}
}
static struct rpmsg_device_id rpmsg_driver_sample_id_table[] = {
static struct rpmsg_device_id rpmsg_driver_sample_id_table[] = {
{ .name = "rpmsg-client-sample" },
{ },
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(rpmsg, rpmsg_driver_sample_id_table);
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(rpmsg, rpmsg_driver_sample_id_table);
static struct rpmsg_driver rpmsg_sample_client = {
static struct rpmsg_driver rpmsg_sample_client = {
.drv.name = KBUILD_MODNAME,
.id_table = rpmsg_driver_sample_id_table,
.probe = rpmsg_sample_probe,
.callback = rpmsg_sample_cb,
.remove = rpmsg_sample_remove,
};
module_rpmsg_driver(rpmsg_sample_client);
};
module_rpmsg_driver(rpmsg_sample_client);
.. note::
Note: a similar sample which can be built and loaded can be found
in samples/rpmsg/.
a similar sample which can be built and loaded can be found
in samples/rpmsg/.
4. Allocations of rpmsg channels:
Allocations of rpmsg channels
=============================
At this point we only support dynamic allocations of rpmsg channels.
......
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