Commit eec40579 authored by Joe Thornber's avatar Joe Thornber Committed by Mike Snitzer

dm: add era target

dm-era is a target that behaves similar to the linear target.  In
addition it keeps track of which blocks were written within a user
defined period of time called an 'era'.  Each era target instance
maintains the current era as a monotonically increasing 32-bit
counter.

Use cases include tracking changed blocks for backup software, and
partially invalidating the contents of a cache to restore cache
coherency after rolling back a vendor snapshot.

dm-era is primarily expected to be paired with the dm-cache target.
Signed-off-by: default avatarJoe Thornber <ejt@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarMike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
parent b098d672
Introduction
============
dm-era is a target that behaves similar to the linear target. In
addition it keeps track of which blocks were written within a user
defined period of time called an 'era'. Each era target instance
maintains the current era as a monotonically increasing 32-bit
counter.
Use cases include tracking changed blocks for backup software, and
partially invalidating the contents of a cache to restore cache
coherency after rolling back a vendor snapshot.
Constructor
===========
era <metadata dev> <origin dev> <block size>
metadata dev : fast device holding the persistent metadata
origin dev : device holding data blocks that may change
block size : block size of origin data device, granularity that is
tracked by the target
Messages
========
None of the dm messages take any arguments.
checkpoint
----------
Possibly move to a new era. You shouldn't assume the era has
incremented. After sending this message, you should check the
current era via the status line.
take_metadata_snap
------------------
Create a clone of the metadata, to allow a userland process to read it.
drop_metadata_snap
------------------
Drop the metadata snapshot.
Status
======
<metadata block size> <#used metadata blocks>/<#total metadata blocks>
<current era> <held metadata root | '-'>
metadata block size : Fixed block size for each metadata block in
sectors
#used metadata blocks : Number of metadata blocks used
#total metadata blocks : Total number of metadata blocks
current era : The current era
held metadata root : The location, in blocks, of the metadata root
that has been 'held' for userspace read
access. '-' indicates there is no held root
Detailed use case
=================
The scenario of invalidating a cache when rolling back a vendor
snapshot was the primary use case when developing this target:
Taking a vendor snapshot
------------------------
- Send a checkpoint message to the era target
- Make a note of the current era in its status line
- Take vendor snapshot (the era and snapshot should be forever
associated now).
Rolling back to an vendor snapshot
----------------------------------
- Cache enters passthrough mode (see: dm-cache's docs in cache.txt)
- Rollback vendor storage
- Take metadata snapshot
- Ascertain which blocks have been written since the snapshot was taken
by checking each block's era
- Invalidate those blocks in the caching software
- Cache returns to writeback/writethrough mode
Memory usage
============
The target uses a bitset to record writes in the current era. It also
has a spare bitset ready for switching over to a new era. Other than
that it uses a few 4k blocks for updating metadata.
(4 * nr_blocks) bytes + buffers
Resilience
==========
Metadata is updated on disk before a write to a previously unwritten
block is performed. As such dm-era should not be effected by a hard
crash such as power failure.
Userland tools
==============
Userland tools are found in the increasingly poorly named
thin-provisioning-tools project:
https://github.com/jthornber/thin-provisioning-tools
......@@ -285,6 +285,17 @@ config DM_CACHE_CLEANER
A simple cache policy that writes back all data to the
origin. Used when decommissioning a dm-cache.
config DM_ERA
tristate "Era target (EXPERIMENTAL)"
depends on BLK_DEV_DM
default n
select DM_PERSISTENT_DATA
select DM_BIO_PRISON
---help---
dm-era tracks which parts of a block device are written to
over time. Useful for maintaining cache coherency when using
vendor snapshots.
config DM_MIRROR
tristate "Mirror target"
depends on BLK_DEV_DM
......
......@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ dm-thin-pool-y += dm-thin.o dm-thin-metadata.o
dm-cache-y += dm-cache-target.o dm-cache-metadata.o dm-cache-policy.o
dm-cache-mq-y += dm-cache-policy-mq.o
dm-cache-cleaner-y += dm-cache-policy-cleaner.o
dm-era-y += dm-era-target.o
md-mod-y += md.o bitmap.o
raid456-y += raid5.o
......@@ -53,6 +54,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DM_VERITY) += dm-verity.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CACHE) += dm-cache.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CACHE_MQ) += dm-cache-mq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CACHE_CLEANER) += dm-cache-cleaner.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_ERA) += dm-era.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_DM_UEVENT),y)
dm-mod-objs += dm-uevent.o
......
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