1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      How this work was done:
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
  2. 28 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  3. 17 Oct, 2017 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt (VMware)'s avatar
      tracing/samples: Fix creation and deletion of simple_thread_fn creation · 6575257c
      Steven Rostedt (VMware) authored
      Commit 7496946a ("tracing: Add samples of DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and
      DEFINE_EVENT()") added template examples for all the events. It created a
      DEFINE_EVENT_FN() example which reused the foo_bar_reg and foo_bar_unreg
      Enabling both the TRACE_EVENT_FN() and DEFINE_EVENT_FN() example trace
      events caused the foo_bar_reg to be called twice, creating the test thread
      twice. The foo_bar_unreg would remove it only once, even if it was called
      multiple times, leaving a thread existing when the module is unloaded,
      causing an oops.
      Add a ref count and allow foo_bar_reg() and foo_bar_unreg() be called by
      multiple trace events.
      Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
      Fixes: 7496946a ("tracing: Add samples of DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT()")
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
  4. 12 Oct, 2017 1 commit
  5. 02 Mar, 2017 1 commit
    • Ingo Molnar's avatar
      sched/core: Remove the tsk_cpus_allowed() wrapper · 0c98d344
      Ingo Molnar authored
      So the original intention of tsk_cpus_allowed() was to 'future-proof'
      the field - but it's pretty ineffectual at that, because half of
      the code uses ->cpus_allowed directly ...
      Also, the wrapper makes the code longer than the original expression!
      So just get rid of it. This also shrinks <linux/sched.h> a bit.
      Acked-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
  6. 09 Dec, 2016 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)'s avatar
      tracing: Have the reg function allow to fail · 8cf868af
      Steven Rostedt (Red Hat) authored
      Some tracepoints have a registration function that gets enabled when the
      tracepoint is enabled. There may be cases that the registraction function
      must fail (for example, can't allocate enough memory). In this case, the
      tracepoint should also fail to register, otherwise the user would not know
      why the tracepoint is not working.
      Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
      Cc: Seiji Aguchi <seiji.aguchi@hds.com>
      Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
      Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
  7. 02 Nov, 2015 1 commit
  8. 17 Jul, 2015 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)'s avatar
      tracing: Fix sample output of dynamic arrays · d6726c81
      Steven Rostedt (Red Hat) authored
      He Kuang noticed that the trace event samples for arrays was broken:
      "The output result of trace_foo_bar event in traceevent samples is
       wrong. This problem can be reproduced as following:
        (Build kernel with SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS=m)
        $ insmod trace-events-sample.ko
        $ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sample-trace/foo_bar/enable
        $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace
        event-sample-980 [000] ....  43.649559: foo_bar: foo hello 21 0x15
        BIT1|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x6f6f6e53,0xff007970,0xffffffff} Snoopy
                       The array length is not right, should be {0x1}.
        event-sample-980 [000] ....  44.653827: foo_bar: foo hello 22 0x16
                       The array length is not right, should be {0x1,0x2}.
        Gandalf (ffffffff,ffffffff)"
      This was caused by an update to have __print_array()'s second parameter
      be the count of items in the array and not the size of the array.
      As there is already users of __print_array(), it can not change. But
      the sample code can and we can also improve on the documentation about
      __print_array() and __get_dynamic_array_len().
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1436839171-31527-2-git-send-email-hekuang@huawei.com
      Fixes: ac01ce14 ("tracing: Make ftrace_print_array_seq compute buf_len")
      Reported-by: default avatarHe Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
  9. 08 Apr, 2015 2 commits
  10. 09 Feb, 2015 4 commits
  11. 01 Jul, 2014 1 commit
  12. 21 Jun, 2014 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt's avatar
      tracing: Add __field_struct macro for TRACE_EVENT() · 4d4c9cc8
      Steven Rostedt authored
      Currently the __field() macro in TRACE_EVENT is only good for primitive
      values, such as integers and pointers, but it fails on complex data types
      such as structures or unions. This is because the __field() macro
      determines if the variable is signed or not with the test of:
        (((type)(-1)) < (type)1)
      Unfortunately, that fails when type is a structure.
      Since trace events should support structures as fields a new macro
      is created for such a case called __field_struct() which acts exactly
      the same as __field() does but it does not do the signed type check
      and just uses a constant false for that answer.
      Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
  13. 15 Sep, 2009 1 commit
  14. 13 Jul, 2009 1 commit
    • Li Zefan's avatar
      tracing/events: Move TRACE_SYSTEM outside of include guard · d0b6e04a
      Li Zefan authored
      If TRACE_INCLDUE_FILE is defined, <trace/events/TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE.h>
      will be included and compiled, otherwise it will be
      So TRACE_SYSTEM should be defined outside of #if proctection,
      just like TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE.
      Imaging this scenario:
       #include <trace/events/foo.h>
          -> TRACE_SYSTEM == foo
       #include <trace/events/bar.h>
          -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar
       #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
       #include <trace/events/foo.h>
          -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar !!!
      and then bar.h will be included and compiled.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLi Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
      Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
      LKML-Reference: <4A5A9CF1.2010007@cn.fujitsu.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
  15. 16 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  16. 07 May, 2009 1 commit
    • Steven Rostedt's avatar
      tracing: update sample with TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE · 71e1c8ac
      Steven Rostedt authored
      When creating trace events for ftrace, the header file with the TRACE_EVENT
      macros must also have a macro called TRACE_SYSTEM. This macro describes
      the name of the system the TRACE_EVENTS are defined for. It also doubles
      as a way for the define_trace.h file to include the file that included
      For example:
      in irq.h
       #define TRACE_SYSTEM irq
       #include <trace/define_trace.h>
      The define_trace will use TRACE_SYSTEM to include irq.h. But if the name
      of the trace system does not match the name of the trace header file,
      one can override it with:
      Which will change define_trace.h to inclued foo_trace.h instead of foo.h
      The sample comments this, but people that use the sample code will more
      likely use the code and not read the comments. This patch changes the
      sample code to use the TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE to better show developers how to
      use it.
      [ Impact: make sample less confusing to developers ]
      Reported-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSteven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
  17. 06 May, 2009 2 commits
  18. 15 Apr, 2009 1 commit