segment.h 9.05 KB
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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
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#ifndef _ASM_X86_SEGMENT_H
#define _ASM_X86_SEGMENT_H
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#include <linux/const.h>
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#include <asm/alternative.h>
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/*
 * Constructor for a conventional segment GDT (or LDT) entry.
 * This is a macro so it can be used in initializers.
 */
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#define GDT_ENTRY(flags, base, limit)			\
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	((((base)  & _AC(0xff000000,ULL)) << (56-24)) |	\
	 (((flags) & _AC(0x0000f0ff,ULL)) << 40) |	\
	 (((limit) & _AC(0x000f0000,ULL)) << (48-16)) |	\
	 (((base)  & _AC(0x00ffffff,ULL)) << 16) |	\
	 (((limit) & _AC(0x0000ffff,ULL))))
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/* Simple and small GDT entries for booting only: */
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#define GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_CS	2
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#define GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_DS	3
#define GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_TSS	4
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#define __BOOT_CS		(GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_CS*8)
#define __BOOT_DS		(GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_DS*8)
#define __BOOT_TSS		(GDT_ENTRY_BOOT_TSS*8)

/*
 * Bottom two bits of selector give the ring
 * privilege level
 */
#define SEGMENT_RPL_MASK	0x3

/* User mode is privilege level 3: */
#define USER_RPL		0x3

/* Bit 2 is Table Indicator (TI): selects between LDT or GDT */
#define SEGMENT_TI_MASK		0x4
/* LDT segment has TI set ... */
#define SEGMENT_LDT		0x4
/* ... GDT has it cleared */
#define SEGMENT_GDT		0x0
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#define GDT_ENTRY_INVALID_SEG	0

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#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
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/*
 * The layout of the per-CPU GDT under Linux:
 *
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 *   0 - null								<=== cacheline #1
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 *   1 - reserved
 *   2 - reserved
 *   3 - reserved
 *
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 *   4 - unused								<=== cacheline #2
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 *   5 - unused
 *
 *  ------- start of TLS (Thread-Local Storage) segments:
 *
 *   6 - TLS segment #1			[ glibc's TLS segment ]
 *   7 - TLS segment #2			[ Wine's %fs Win32 segment ]
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 *   8 - TLS segment #3							<=== cacheline #3
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 *   9 - reserved
 *  10 - reserved
 *  11 - reserved
 *
 *  ------- start of kernel segments:
 *
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 *  12 - kernel code segment						<=== cacheline #4
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 *  13 - kernel data segment
 *  14 - default user CS
 *  15 - default user DS
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 *  16 - TSS								<=== cacheline #5
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 *  17 - LDT
 *  18 - PNPBIOS support (16->32 gate)
 *  19 - PNPBIOS support
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 *  20 - PNPBIOS support						<=== cacheline #6
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 *  21 - PNPBIOS support
 *  22 - PNPBIOS support
 *  23 - APM BIOS support
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 *  24 - APM BIOS support						<=== cacheline #7
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 *  25 - APM BIOS support
 *
 *  26 - ESPFIX small SS
 *  27 - per-cpu			[ offset to per-cpu data area ]
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 *  28 - stack_canary-20		[ for stack protector ]		<=== cacheline #8
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 *  29 - unused
 *  30 - unused
 *  31 - TSS for double fault handler
 */
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#define GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN		6
#define GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MAX 		(GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN + GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES - 1)
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#define GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS		12
#define GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS		13
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#define GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS	14
#define GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS	15
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#define GDT_ENTRY_TSS			16
#define GDT_ENTRY_LDT			17
#define GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS32		18
#define GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS16		19
#define GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_DS		20
#define GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS1		21
#define GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS2		22
#define GDT_ENTRY_APMBIOS_BASE		23

#define GDT_ENTRY_ESPFIX_SS		26
#define GDT_ENTRY_PERCPU		27
#define GDT_ENTRY_STACK_CANARY		28
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#define GDT_ENTRY_DOUBLEFAULT_TSS	31
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/*
 * Number of entries in the GDT table:
 */
#define GDT_ENTRIES			32

/*
 * Segment selector values corresponding to the above entries:
 */

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#define __KERNEL_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS*8)
#define __KERNEL_DS			(GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS*8)
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#define __USER_DS			(GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS*8 + 3)
#define __USER_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS*8 + 3)
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#define __ESPFIX_SS			(GDT_ENTRY_ESPFIX_SS*8)
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/* segment for calling fn: */
#define PNP_CS32			(GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS32*8)
/* code segment for BIOS: */
#define PNP_CS16			(GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_CS16*8)

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/* "Is this PNP code selector (PNP_CS32 or PNP_CS16)?" */
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#define SEGMENT_IS_PNP_CODE(x)		(((x) & 0xf4) == PNP_CS32)

/* data segment for BIOS: */
#define PNP_DS				(GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_DS*8)
/* transfer data segment: */
#define PNP_TS1				(GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS1*8)
/* another data segment: */
#define PNP_TS2				(GDT_ENTRY_PNPBIOS_TS2*8)

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#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
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# define __KERNEL_PERCPU		(GDT_ENTRY_PERCPU*8)
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#else
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# define __KERNEL_PERCPU		0
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#endif
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#ifdef CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
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# define __KERNEL_STACK_CANARY		(GDT_ENTRY_STACK_CANARY*8)
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#else
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# define __KERNEL_STACK_CANARY		0
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#endif

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#else /* 64-bit: */
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#include <asm/cache.h>

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#define GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL32_CS		1
#define GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS		2
#define GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS		3

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/*
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 * We cannot use the same code segment descriptor for user and kernel mode,
 * not even in long flat mode, because of different DPL.
 *
 * GDT layout to get 64-bit SYSCALL/SYSRET support right. SYSRET hardcodes
 * selectors:
 *
 *   if returning to 32-bit userspace: cs = STAR.SYSRET_CS,
 *   if returning to 64-bit userspace: cs = STAR.SYSRET_CS+16,
 *
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 * ss = STAR.SYSRET_CS+8 (in either case)
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 *
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 * thus USER_DS should be between 32-bit and 64-bit code selectors:
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 */
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#define GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER32_CS	4
#define GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS	5
#define GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS	6

/* Needs two entries */
#define GDT_ENTRY_TSS			8
/* Needs two entries */
#define GDT_ENTRY_LDT			10
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#define GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN		12
#define GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MAX		14
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/* Abused to load per CPU data from limit */
#define GDT_ENTRY_PER_CPU		15
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/*
 * Number of entries in the GDT table:
 */
#define GDT_ENTRIES			16
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/*
 * Segment selector values corresponding to the above entries:
 *
 * Note, selectors also need to have a correct RPL,
 * expressed with the +3 value for user-space selectors:
 */
#define __KERNEL32_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL32_CS*8)
#define __KERNEL_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS*8)
#define __KERNEL_DS			(GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS*8)
#define __USER32_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER32_CS*8 + 3)
#define __USER_DS			(GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_DS*8 + 3)
#define __USER32_DS			__USER_DS
#define __USER_CS			(GDT_ENTRY_DEFAULT_USER_CS*8 + 3)
#define __PER_CPU_SEG			(GDT_ENTRY_PER_CPU*8 + 3)
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#endif
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#ifndef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
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# define get_kernel_rpl()		0
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#endif

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#define IDT_ENTRIES			256
#define NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS		32

/* Bitmask of exception vectors which push an error code on the stack: */
#define EXCEPTION_ERRCODE_MASK		0x00027d00

#define GDT_SIZE			(GDT_ENTRIES*8)
#define GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES		3
#define TLS_SIZE			(GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES* 8)
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#ifdef __KERNEL__
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/*
 * early_idt_handler_array is an array of entry points referenced in the
 * early IDT.  For simplicity, it's a real array with one entry point
 * every nine bytes.  That leaves room for an optional 'push $0' if the
 * vector has no error code (two bytes), a 'push $vector_number' (two
 * bytes), and a jump to the common entry code (up to five bytes).
 */
#define EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE 9

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#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
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extern const char early_idt_handler_array[NUM_EXCEPTION_VECTORS][EARLY_IDT_HANDLER_SIZE];
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extern void early_ignore_irq(void);
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/*
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 * Load a segment. Fall back on loading the zero segment if something goes
 * wrong.  This variant assumes that loading zero fully clears the segment.
 * This is always the case on Intel CPUs and, even on 64-bit AMD CPUs, any
 * failure to fully clear the cached descriptor is only observable for
 * FS and GS.
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 */
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#define __loadsegment_simple(seg, value)				\
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do {									\
	unsigned short __val = (value);					\
									\
	asm volatile("						\n"	\
		     "1:	movl %k0,%%" #seg "		\n"	\
									\
		     ".section .fixup,\"ax\"			\n"	\
		     "2:	xorl %k0,%k0			\n"	\
		     "		jmp 1b				\n"	\
		     ".previous					\n"	\
									\
		     _ASM_EXTABLE(1b, 2b)				\
									\
		     : "+r" (__val) : : "memory");			\
} while (0)

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#define __loadsegment_ss(value) __loadsegment_simple(ss, (value))
#define __loadsegment_ds(value) __loadsegment_simple(ds, (value))
#define __loadsegment_es(value) __loadsegment_simple(es, (value))

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32

/*
 * On 32-bit systems, the hidden parts of FS and GS are unobservable if
 * the selector is NULL, so there's no funny business here.
 */
#define __loadsegment_fs(value) __loadsegment_simple(fs, (value))
#define __loadsegment_gs(value) __loadsegment_simple(gs, (value))

#else

static inline void __loadsegment_fs(unsigned short value)
{
	asm volatile("						\n"
		     "1:	movw %0, %%fs			\n"
		     "2:					\n"

		     _ASM_EXTABLE_HANDLE(1b, 2b, ex_handler_clear_fs)

		     : : "rm" (value) : "memory");
}

/* __loadsegment_gs is intentionally undefined.  Use load_gs_index instead. */

#endif

#define loadsegment(seg, value) __loadsegment_ ## seg (value)

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/*
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 * Save a segment register away:
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 */
#define savesegment(seg, value)				\
	asm("mov %%" #seg ",%0":"=r" (value) : : "memory")

/*
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 * x86-32 user GS accessors:
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 */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
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# ifdef CONFIG_X86_32_LAZY_GS
#  define get_user_gs(regs)		(u16)({ unsigned long v; savesegment(gs, v); v; })
#  define set_user_gs(regs, v)		loadsegment(gs, (unsigned long)(v))
#  define task_user_gs(tsk)		((tsk)->thread.gs)
#  define lazy_save_gs(v)		savesegment(gs, (v))
#  define lazy_load_gs(v)		loadsegment(gs, (v))
# else	/* X86_32_LAZY_GS */
#  define get_user_gs(regs)		(u16)((regs)->gs)
#  define set_user_gs(regs, v)		do { (regs)->gs = (v); } while (0)
#  define task_user_gs(tsk)		(task_pt_regs(tsk)->gs)
#  define lazy_save_gs(v)		do { } while (0)
#  define lazy_load_gs(v)		do { } while (0)
# endif	/* X86_32_LAZY_GS */
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#endif	/* X86_32 */

#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
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#endif /* _ASM_X86_SEGMENT_H */