blk-settings.c 20.8 KB
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/*
 * Functions related to setting various queue properties from drivers
 */
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>	/* for max_pfn/max_low_pfn */

#include "blk.h"

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unsigned long blk_max_low_pfn;
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_max_low_pfn);
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unsigned long blk_max_pfn;
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/**
 * blk_queue_prep_rq - set a prepare_request function for queue
 * @q:		queue
 * @pfn:	prepare_request function
 *
 * It's possible for a queue to register a prepare_request callback which
 * is invoked before the request is handed to the request_fn. The goal of
 * the function is to prepare a request for I/O, it can be used to build a
 * cdb from the request data for instance.
 *
 */
void blk_queue_prep_rq(struct request_queue *q, prep_rq_fn *pfn)
{
	q->prep_rq_fn = pfn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_prep_rq);

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/**
 * blk_queue_set_discard - set a discard_sectors function for queue
 * @q:		queue
 * @dfn:	prepare_discard function
 *
 * It's possible for a queue to register a discard callback which is used
 * to transform a discard request into the appropriate type for the
 * hardware. If none is registered, then discard requests are failed
 * with %EOPNOTSUPP.
 *
 */
void blk_queue_set_discard(struct request_queue *q, prepare_discard_fn *dfn)
{
	q->prepare_discard_fn = dfn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_set_discard);

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/**
 * blk_queue_merge_bvec - set a merge_bvec function for queue
 * @q:		queue
 * @mbfn:	merge_bvec_fn
 *
 * Usually queues have static limitations on the max sectors or segments that
 * we can put in a request. Stacking drivers may have some settings that
 * are dynamic, and thus we have to query the queue whether it is ok to
 * add a new bio_vec to a bio at a given offset or not. If the block device
 * has such limitations, it needs to register a merge_bvec_fn to control
 * the size of bio's sent to it. Note that a block device *must* allow a
 * single page to be added to an empty bio. The block device driver may want
 * to use the bio_split() function to deal with these bio's. By default
 * no merge_bvec_fn is defined for a queue, and only the fixed limits are
 * honored.
 */
void blk_queue_merge_bvec(struct request_queue *q, merge_bvec_fn *mbfn)
{
	q->merge_bvec_fn = mbfn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_merge_bvec);

void blk_queue_softirq_done(struct request_queue *q, softirq_done_fn *fn)
{
	q->softirq_done_fn = fn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_softirq_done);

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void blk_queue_rq_timeout(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int timeout)
{
	q->rq_timeout = timeout;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_rq_timeout);

void blk_queue_rq_timed_out(struct request_queue *q, rq_timed_out_fn *fn)
{
	q->rq_timed_out_fn = fn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_rq_timed_out);

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void blk_queue_lld_busy(struct request_queue *q, lld_busy_fn *fn)
{
	q->lld_busy_fn = fn;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_lld_busy);

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/**
 * blk_queue_make_request - define an alternate make_request function for a device
 * @q:  the request queue for the device to be affected
 * @mfn: the alternate make_request function
 *
 * Description:
 *    The normal way for &struct bios to be passed to a device
 *    driver is for them to be collected into requests on a request
 *    queue, and then to allow the device driver to select requests
 *    off that queue when it is ready.  This works well for many block
 *    devices. However some block devices (typically virtual devices
 *    such as md or lvm) do not benefit from the processing on the
 *    request queue, and are served best by having the requests passed
 *    directly to them.  This can be achieved by providing a function
 *    to blk_queue_make_request().
 *
 * Caveat:
 *    The driver that does this *must* be able to deal appropriately
 *    with buffers in "highmemory". This can be accomplished by either calling
 *    __bio_kmap_atomic() to get a temporary kernel mapping, or by calling
 *    blk_queue_bounce() to create a buffer in normal memory.
 **/
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void blk_queue_make_request(struct request_queue *q, make_request_fn *mfn)
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{
	/*
	 * set defaults
	 */
	q->nr_requests = BLKDEV_MAX_RQ;
	blk_queue_max_phys_segments(q, MAX_PHYS_SEGMENTS);
	blk_queue_max_hw_segments(q, MAX_HW_SEGMENTS);
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	blk_queue_segment_boundary(q, BLK_SEG_BOUNDARY_MASK);
	blk_queue_max_segment_size(q, MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE);

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	q->make_request_fn = mfn;
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	q->backing_dev_info.ra_pages =
			(VM_MAX_READAHEAD * 1024) / PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
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	q->backing_dev_info.state = 0;
	q->backing_dev_info.capabilities = BDI_CAP_MAP_COPY;
	blk_queue_max_sectors(q, SAFE_MAX_SECTORS);
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	blk_queue_logical_block_size(q, 512);
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	blk_queue_dma_alignment(q, 511);
	blk_queue_congestion_threshold(q);
	q->nr_batching = BLK_BATCH_REQ;

	q->unplug_thresh = 4;		/* hmm */
	q->unplug_delay = (3 * HZ) / 1000;	/* 3 milliseconds */
	if (q->unplug_delay == 0)
		q->unplug_delay = 1;

	q->unplug_timer.function = blk_unplug_timeout;
	q->unplug_timer.data = (unsigned long)q;

	/*
	 * by default assume old behaviour and bounce for any highmem page
	 */
	blk_queue_bounce_limit(q, BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_make_request);

/**
 * blk_queue_bounce_limit - set bounce buffer limit for queue
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 * @q: the request queue for the device
 * @dma_mask: the maximum address the device can handle
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 *
 * Description:
 *    Different hardware can have different requirements as to what pages
 *    it can do I/O directly to. A low level driver can call
 *    blk_queue_bounce_limit to have lower memory pages allocated as bounce
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 *    buffers for doing I/O to pages residing above @dma_mask.
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 **/
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void blk_queue_bounce_limit(struct request_queue *q, u64 dma_mask)
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{
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	unsigned long b_pfn = dma_mask >> PAGE_SHIFT;
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	int dma = 0;

	q->bounce_gfp = GFP_NOIO;
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 64
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	/*
	 * Assume anything <= 4GB can be handled by IOMMU.  Actually
	 * some IOMMUs can handle everything, but I don't know of a
	 * way to test this here.
	 */
	if (b_pfn < (min_t(u64, 0xffffffffUL, BLK_BOUNCE_HIGH) >> PAGE_SHIFT))
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		dma = 1;
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	q->limits.bounce_pfn = max_low_pfn;
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#else
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	if (b_pfn < blk_max_low_pfn)
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		dma = 1;
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	q->limits.bounce_pfn = b_pfn;
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#endif
	if (dma) {
		init_emergency_isa_pool();
		q->bounce_gfp = GFP_NOIO | GFP_DMA;
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		q->limits.bounce_pfn = b_pfn;
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	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_bounce_limit);

/**
 * blk_queue_max_sectors - set max sectors for a request for this queue
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @max_sectors:  max sectors in the usual 512b unit
 *
 * Description:
 *    Enables a low level driver to set an upper limit on the size of
 *    received requests.
 **/
void blk_queue_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_sectors)
{
	if ((max_sectors << 9) < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) {
		max_sectors = 1 << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - 9);
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		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: set to minimum %d\n",
		       __func__, max_sectors);
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	}

	if (BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS > max_sectors)
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		q->limits.max_hw_sectors = q->limits.max_sectors = max_sectors;
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	else {
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		q->limits.max_sectors = BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS;
		q->limits.max_hw_sectors = max_sectors;
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	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_sectors);

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void blk_queue_max_hw_sectors(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_sectors)
{
	if (BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS > max_sectors)
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		q->limits.max_hw_sectors = BLK_DEF_MAX_SECTORS;
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	else
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		q->limits.max_hw_sectors = max_sectors;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_hw_sectors);

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/**
 * blk_queue_max_phys_segments - set max phys segments for a request for this queue
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @max_segments:  max number of segments
 *
 * Description:
 *    Enables a low level driver to set an upper limit on the number of
 *    physical data segments in a request.  This would be the largest sized
 *    scatter list the driver could handle.
 **/
void blk_queue_max_phys_segments(struct request_queue *q,
				 unsigned short max_segments)
{
	if (!max_segments) {
		max_segments = 1;
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		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: set to minimum %d\n",
		       __func__, max_segments);
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	}

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	q->limits.max_phys_segments = max_segments;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_phys_segments);

/**
 * blk_queue_max_hw_segments - set max hw segments for a request for this queue
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @max_segments:  max number of segments
 *
 * Description:
 *    Enables a low level driver to set an upper limit on the number of
 *    hw data segments in a request.  This would be the largest number of
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 *    address/length pairs the host adapter can actually give at once
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 *    to the device.
 **/
void blk_queue_max_hw_segments(struct request_queue *q,
			       unsigned short max_segments)
{
	if (!max_segments) {
		max_segments = 1;
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		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: set to minimum %d\n",
		       __func__, max_segments);
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	}

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	q->limits.max_hw_segments = max_segments;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_hw_segments);

/**
 * blk_queue_max_segment_size - set max segment size for blk_rq_map_sg
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @max_size:  max size of segment in bytes
 *
 * Description:
 *    Enables a low level driver to set an upper limit on the size of a
 *    coalesced segment
 **/
void blk_queue_max_segment_size(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int max_size)
{
	if (max_size < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) {
		max_size = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
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		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: set to minimum %d\n",
		       __func__, max_size);
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	}

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	q->limits.max_segment_size = max_size;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_segment_size);

/**
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 * blk_queue_logical_block_size - set logical block size for the queue
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 * @q:  the request queue for the device
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 * @size:  the logical block size, in bytes
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 *
 * Description:
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 *   This should be set to the lowest possible block size that the
 *   storage device can address.  The default of 512 covers most
 *   hardware.
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 **/
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void blk_queue_logical_block_size(struct request_queue *q, unsigned short size)
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{
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	q->limits.logical_block_size = size;
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	if (q->limits.physical_block_size < size)
		q->limits.physical_block_size = size;

	if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
		q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_logical_block_size);
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/**
 * blk_queue_physical_block_size - set physical block size for the queue
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @size:  the physical block size, in bytes
 *
 * Description:
 *   This should be set to the lowest possible sector size that the
 *   hardware can operate on without reverting to read-modify-write
 *   operations.
 */
void blk_queue_physical_block_size(struct request_queue *q, unsigned short size)
{
	q->limits.physical_block_size = size;

	if (q->limits.physical_block_size < q->limits.logical_block_size)
		q->limits.physical_block_size = q->limits.logical_block_size;

	if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
		q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_physical_block_size);

/**
 * blk_queue_alignment_offset - set physical block alignment offset
 * @q:	the request queue for the device
 * @alignment:	alignment offset in bytes
 *
 * Description:
 *   Some devices are naturally misaligned to compensate for things like
 *   the legacy DOS partition table 63-sector offset.  Low-level drivers
 *   should call this function for devices whose first sector is not
 *   naturally aligned.
 */
void blk_queue_alignment_offset(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int offset)
{
	q->limits.alignment_offset =
		offset & (q->limits.physical_block_size - 1);
	q->limits.misaligned = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_alignment_offset);

/**
 * blk_queue_io_min - set minimum request size for the queue
 * @q:	the request queue for the device
 * @io_min:  smallest I/O size in bytes
 *
 * Description:
 *   Some devices have an internal block size bigger than the reported
 *   hardware sector size.  This function can be used to signal the
 *   smallest I/O the device can perform without incurring a performance
 *   penalty.
 */
void blk_queue_io_min(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int min)
{
	q->limits.io_min = min;

	if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.logical_block_size)
		q->limits.io_min = q->limits.logical_block_size;

	if (q->limits.io_min < q->limits.physical_block_size)
		q->limits.io_min = q->limits.physical_block_size;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_io_min);

/**
 * blk_queue_io_opt - set optimal request size for the queue
 * @q:	the request queue for the device
 * @io_opt:  optimal request size in bytes
 *
 * Description:
 *   Drivers can call this function to set the preferred I/O request
 *   size for devices that report such a value.
 */
void blk_queue_io_opt(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int opt)
{
	q->limits.io_opt = opt;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_io_opt);

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/*
 * Returns the minimum that is _not_ zero, unless both are zero.
 */
#define min_not_zero(l, r) (l == 0) ? r : ((r == 0) ? l : min(l, r))

/**
 * blk_queue_stack_limits - inherit underlying queue limits for stacked drivers
 * @t:	the stacking driver (top)
 * @b:  the underlying device (bottom)
 **/
void blk_queue_stack_limits(struct request_queue *t, struct request_queue *b)
{
	/* zero is "infinity" */
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	t->limits.max_sectors = min_not_zero(queue_max_sectors(t),
					     queue_max_sectors(b));

	t->limits.max_hw_sectors = min_not_zero(queue_max_hw_sectors(t),
						queue_max_hw_sectors(b));

	t->limits.seg_boundary_mask = min_not_zero(queue_segment_boundary(t),
						   queue_segment_boundary(b));

	t->limits.max_phys_segments = min_not_zero(queue_max_phys_segments(t),
						   queue_max_phys_segments(b));

	t->limits.max_hw_segments = min_not_zero(queue_max_hw_segments(t),
						 queue_max_hw_segments(b));

	t->limits.max_segment_size = min_not_zero(queue_max_segment_size(t),
						  queue_max_segment_size(b));

	t->limits.logical_block_size = max(queue_logical_block_size(t),
					   queue_logical_block_size(b));

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	if (!t->queue_lock)
		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
	else if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, &b->queue_flags)) {
		unsigned long flags;
		spin_lock_irqsave(t->queue_lock, flags);
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		queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, t);
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		spin_unlock_irqrestore(t->queue_lock, flags);
	}
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_stack_limits);

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/**
 * blk_stack_limits - adjust queue_limits for stacked devices
 * @t:	the stacking driver limits (top)
 * @bdev:  the underlying queue limits (bottom)
 * @offset:  offset to beginning of data within component device
 *
 * Description:
 *    Merges two queue_limit structs.  Returns 0 if alignment didn't
 *    change.  Returns -1 if adding the bottom device caused
 *    misalignment.
 */
int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b,
		     sector_t offset)
{
	t->max_sectors = min_not_zero(t->max_sectors, b->max_sectors);
	t->max_hw_sectors = min_not_zero(t->max_hw_sectors, b->max_hw_sectors);

	t->seg_boundary_mask = min_not_zero(t->seg_boundary_mask,
					    b->seg_boundary_mask);

	t->max_phys_segments = min_not_zero(t->max_phys_segments,
					    b->max_phys_segments);

	t->max_hw_segments = min_not_zero(t->max_hw_segments,
					  b->max_hw_segments);

	t->max_segment_size = min_not_zero(t->max_segment_size,
					   b->max_segment_size);

	t->logical_block_size = max(t->logical_block_size,
				    b->logical_block_size);

	t->physical_block_size = max(t->physical_block_size,
				     b->physical_block_size);

	t->io_min = max(t->io_min, b->io_min);
	t->no_cluster |= b->no_cluster;

	/* Bottom device offset aligned? */
	if (offset &&
	    (offset & (b->physical_block_size - 1)) != b->alignment_offset) {
		t->misaligned = 1;
		return -1;
	}

	/* If top has no alignment offset, inherit from bottom */
	if (!t->alignment_offset)
		t->alignment_offset =
			b->alignment_offset & (b->physical_block_size - 1);

	/* Top device aligned on logical block boundary? */
	if (t->alignment_offset & (t->logical_block_size - 1)) {
		t->misaligned = 1;
		return -1;
	}

	return 0;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_stack_limits);
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/**
 * disk_stack_limits - adjust queue limits for stacked drivers
 * @t:	MD/DM gendisk (top)
 * @bdev:  the underlying block device (bottom)
 * @offset:  offset to beginning of data within component device
 *
 * Description:
 *    Merges the limits for two queues.  Returns 0 if alignment
 *    didn't change.  Returns -1 if adding the bottom device caused
 *    misalignment.
 */
void disk_stack_limits(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev,
		       sector_t offset)
{
	struct request_queue *t = disk->queue;
	struct request_queue *b = bdev_get_queue(bdev);

	offset += get_start_sect(bdev) << 9;

	if (blk_stack_limits(&t->limits, &b->limits, offset) < 0) {
		char top[BDEVNAME_SIZE], bottom[BDEVNAME_SIZE];

		disk_name(disk, 0, top);
		bdevname(bdev, bottom);

		printk(KERN_NOTICE "%s: Warning: Device %s is misaligned\n",
		       top, bottom);
	}

	if (!t->queue_lock)
		WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
	else if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, &b->queue_flags)) {
		unsigned long flags;

		spin_lock_irqsave(t->queue_lock, flags);
		if (!test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, &b->queue_flags))
			queue_flag_clear(QUEUE_FLAG_CLUSTER, t);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(t->queue_lock, flags);
	}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(disk_stack_limits);

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/**
 * blk_queue_dma_pad - set pad mask
 * @q:     the request queue for the device
 * @mask:  pad mask
 *
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 * Set dma pad mask.
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 *
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 * Appending pad buffer to a request modifies the last entry of a
 * scatter list such that it includes the pad buffer.
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 **/
void blk_queue_dma_pad(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int mask)
{
	q->dma_pad_mask = mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_dma_pad);

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/**
 * blk_queue_update_dma_pad - update pad mask
 * @q:     the request queue for the device
 * @mask:  pad mask
 *
 * Update dma pad mask.
 *
 * Appending pad buffer to a request modifies the last entry of a
 * scatter list such that it includes the pad buffer.
 **/
void blk_queue_update_dma_pad(struct request_queue *q, unsigned int mask)
{
	if (mask > q->dma_pad_mask)
		q->dma_pad_mask = mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_update_dma_pad);

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/**
 * blk_queue_dma_drain - Set up a drain buffer for excess dma.
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
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 * @dma_drain_needed: fn which returns non-zero if drain is necessary
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 * @buf:	physically contiguous buffer
 * @size:	size of the buffer in bytes
 *
 * Some devices have excess DMA problems and can't simply discard (or
 * zero fill) the unwanted piece of the transfer.  They have to have a
 * real area of memory to transfer it into.  The use case for this is
 * ATAPI devices in DMA mode.  If the packet command causes a transfer
 * bigger than the transfer size some HBAs will lock up if there
 * aren't DMA elements to contain the excess transfer.  What this API
 * does is adjust the queue so that the buf is always appended
 * silently to the scatterlist.
 *
 * Note: This routine adjusts max_hw_segments to make room for
 * appending the drain buffer.  If you call
 * blk_queue_max_hw_segments() or blk_queue_max_phys_segments() after
 * calling this routine, you must set the limit to one fewer than your
 * device can support otherwise there won't be room for the drain
 * buffer.
 */
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int blk_queue_dma_drain(struct request_queue *q,
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			       dma_drain_needed_fn *dma_drain_needed,
			       void *buf, unsigned int size)
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{
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	if (queue_max_hw_segments(q) < 2 || queue_max_phys_segments(q) < 2)
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		return -EINVAL;
	/* make room for appending the drain */
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	blk_queue_max_hw_segments(q, queue_max_hw_segments(q) - 1);
	blk_queue_max_phys_segments(q, queue_max_phys_segments(q) - 1);
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	q->dma_drain_needed = dma_drain_needed;
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	q->dma_drain_buffer = buf;
	q->dma_drain_size = size;

	return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_queue_dma_drain);

/**
 * blk_queue_segment_boundary - set boundary rules for segment merging
 * @q:  the request queue for the device
 * @mask:  the memory boundary mask
 **/
void blk_queue_segment_boundary(struct request_queue *q, unsigned long mask)
{
	if (mask < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1) {
		mask = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1;
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		printk(KERN_INFO "%s: set to minimum %lx\n",
		       __func__, mask);
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	}

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	q->limits.seg_boundary_mask = mask;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_segment_boundary);

/**
 * blk_queue_dma_alignment - set dma length and memory alignment
 * @q:     the request queue for the device
 * @mask:  alignment mask
 *
 * description:
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 *    set required memory and length alignment for direct dma transactions.
Alan Cox's avatar
Alan Cox committed
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 *    this is used when building direct io requests for the queue.
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 *
 **/
void blk_queue_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *q, int mask)
{
	q->dma_alignment = mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_dma_alignment);

/**
 * blk_queue_update_dma_alignment - update dma length and memory alignment
 * @q:     the request queue for the device
 * @mask:  alignment mask
 *
 * description:
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 *    update required memory and length alignment for direct dma transactions.
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 *    If the requested alignment is larger than the current alignment, then
 *    the current queue alignment is updated to the new value, otherwise it
 *    is left alone.  The design of this is to allow multiple objects
 *    (driver, device, transport etc) to set their respective
 *    alignments without having them interfere.
 *
 **/
void blk_queue_update_dma_alignment(struct request_queue *q, int mask)
{
	BUG_ON(mask > PAGE_SIZE);

	if (mask > q->dma_alignment)
		q->dma_alignment = mask;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_update_dma_alignment);

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static int __init blk_settings_init(void)
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{
	blk_max_low_pfn = max_low_pfn - 1;
	blk_max_pfn = max_pfn - 1;
	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(blk_settings_init);