Commit 9183df25 authored by David Herrmann's avatar David Herrmann Committed by Linus Torvalds

shm: add memfd_create() syscall

memfd_create() is similar to mmap(MAP_ANON), but returns a file-descriptor
that you can pass to mmap().  It can support sealing and avoids any
connection to user-visible mount-points.  Thus, it's not subject to quotas
on mounted file-systems, but can be used like malloc()'ed memory, but with
a file-descriptor to it.

memfd_create() returns the raw shmem file, so calls like ftruncate() can
be used to modify the underlying inode.  Also calls like fstat() will
return proper information and mark the file as regular file.  If you want
sealing, you can specify MFD_ALLOW_SEALING.  Otherwise, sealing is not
supported (like on all other regular files).

Compared to O_TMPFILE, it does not require a tmpfs mount-point and is not
subject to a filesystem size limit.  It is still properly accounted to
memcg limits, though, and to the same overcommit or no-overcommit
accounting as all user memory.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Herrmann <>
Acked-by: default avatarHugh Dickins <>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <>
Cc: Ryan Lortie <>
Cc: Lennart Poettering <>
Cc: Daniel Mack <>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <>
parent 40e041a2
......@@ -362,3 +362,4 @@
353 i386 renameat2 sys_renameat2
354 i386 seccomp sys_seccomp
355 i386 getrandom sys_getrandom
356 i386 memfd_create sys_memfd_create
......@@ -325,6 +325,7 @@
316 common renameat2 sys_renameat2
317 common seccomp sys_seccomp
318 common getrandom sys_getrandom
319 common memfd_create sys_memfd_create
# x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
......@@ -802,6 +802,7 @@ asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_settime(int ufd, int flags,
asmlinkage long sys_timerfd_gettime(int ufd, struct itimerspec __user *otmr);
asmlinkage long sys_eventfd(unsigned int count);
asmlinkage long sys_eventfd2(unsigned int count, int flags);
asmlinkage long sys_memfd_create(const char __user *uname_ptr, unsigned int flags);
asmlinkage long sys_fallocate(int fd, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len);
asmlinkage long sys_old_readdir(unsigned int, struct old_linux_dirent __user *, unsigned int);
asmlinkage long sys_pselect6(int, fd_set __user *, fd_set __user *,
/* flags for memfd_create(2) (unsigned int) */
#define MFD_CLOEXEC 0x0001U
#define MFD_ALLOW_SEALING 0x0002U
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MEMFD_H */
......@@ -197,6 +197,7 @@ cond_syscall(compat_sys_timerfd_settime);
/* performance counters: */
......@@ -66,7 +66,9 @@ static struct vfsmount *shm_mnt;
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <uapi/linux/memfd.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
......@@ -2732,6 +2734,77 @@ static int shmem_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root)
shmem_show_mpol(seq, sbinfo->mpol);
return 0;
#define MFD_NAME_PREFIX "memfd:"
const char __user *, uname,
unsigned int, flags)
struct shmem_inode_info *info;
struct file *file;
int fd, error;
char *name;
long len;
if (flags & ~(unsigned int)MFD_ALL_FLAGS)
return -EINVAL;
/* length includes terminating zero */
len = strnlen_user(uname, MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1);
if (len <= 0)
return -EFAULT;
if (len > MFD_NAME_MAX_LEN + 1)
return -EINVAL;
name = kmalloc(len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN, GFP_TEMPORARY);
if (!name)
return -ENOMEM;
strcpy(name, MFD_NAME_PREFIX);
if (copy_from_user(&name[MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN], uname, len)) {
error = -EFAULT;
goto err_name;
/* terminating-zero may have changed after strnlen_user() returned */
if (name[len + MFD_NAME_PREFIX_LEN - 1]) {
error = -EFAULT;
goto err_name;
fd = get_unused_fd_flags((flags & MFD_CLOEXEC) ? O_CLOEXEC : 0);
if (fd < 0) {
error = fd;
goto err_name;
file = shmem_file_setup(name, 0, VM_NORESERVE);
if (IS_ERR(file)) {
error = PTR_ERR(file);
goto err_fd;
info = SHMEM_I(file_inode(file));
file->f_flags |= O_RDWR | O_LARGEFILE;
if (flags & MFD_ALLOW_SEALING)
info->seals &= ~F_SEAL_SEAL;
fd_install(fd, file);
return fd;
return error;
#endif /* CONFIG_TMPFS */
static void shmem_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
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