1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      How this work was done:
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
  2. 26 Nov, 2015 1 commit
    • Chen Yu's avatar
      x86/pm: Introduce quirk framework to save/restore extra MSR registers around suspend/resume · 7a9c2dd0
      Chen Yu authored
      A bug was reported that on certain Broadwell platforms, after
      resuming from S3, the CPU is running at an anomalously low
      It turns out that the BIOS has modified the value of the
      THERM_CONTROL register during S3, and changed it from 0 to 0x10,
      thus enabled clock modulation(bit4), but with undefined CPU Duty
      Cycle(bit1:3) - which causes the problem.
      Here is a simple scenario to reproduce the issue:
       1. Boot up the system
       2. Get MSR 0x19a, it should be 0
       3. Put the system into sleep, then wake it up
       4. Get MSR 0x19a, it shows 0x10, while it should be 0
      Although some BIOSen want to change the CPU Duty Cycle during
      S3, in our case we don't want the BIOS to do any modification.
      Fix this issue by introducing a more generic x86 framework to
      save/restore specified MSR registers(THERM_CONTROL in this case)
      for suspend/resume. This allows us to fix similar bugs in a much
      simpler way in the future.
      When the kernel wants to protect certain MSRs during suspending,
      we simply add a quirk entry in msr_save_dmi_table, and customize
      the MSR registers inside the quirk callback, for example:
        u32 msr_id_need_to_save[] = {MSR_ID0, MSR_ID1, MSR_ID2...};
      and the quirk mechanism ensures that, once resumed from suspend,
      the MSRs indicated by these IDs will be restored to their
      original, pre-suspend values.
      Since both 64-bit and 32-bit kernels are affected, this patch
      covers the common 64/32-bit suspend/resume code path. And
      because the MSRs specified by the user might not be available or
      readable in any situation, we use rdmsrl_safe() to safely save
      these MSRs.
      Reported-and-tested-by: default avatarMarcin Kaszewski <marcin.kaszewski@intel.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
      Acked-by: default avatarPavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
      Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
      Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
      Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
      Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
      Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: bp@suse.de
      Cc: len.brown@intel.com
      Cc: linux@horizon.com
      Cc: luto@kernel.org
      Cc: rjw@rjwysocki.net
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/c9abdcbc173dd2f57e8990e304376f19287e92ba.1448382971.git.yu.c.chen@intel.com
      [ More edits to the naming of data structures. ]
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
  3. 19 May, 2015 1 commit
    • Ingo Molnar's avatar
      x86/fpu: Rename i387.h to fpu/api.h · df6b35f4
      Ingo Molnar authored
      We already have fpu/types.h, move i387.h to fpu/api.h.
      The file name has become a misnomer anyway: it offers generic FPU APIs,
      but is not limited to i387 functionality.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarBorislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
      Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
      Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
      Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
      Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
      Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
  4. 02 May, 2013 1 commit
    • Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk's avatar
      x86, gdt, hibernate: Store/load GDT for hibernate path. · cc456c4e
      Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk authored
      The git commite7a5cd06
      ("x86-64, gdt: Store/load GDT for ACPI S3 or hibernate/resume path
      is not needed.") assumes that for the hibernate path the booting
      kernel and the resuming kernel MUST be the same. That is certainly
      the case for a 32-bit kernel (see check_image_kernel and
      However for 64-bit kernels it is OK to have a different kernel
      version (and size of the image) of the booting and resuming kernels.
      Hence the above mentioned git commit introduces an regression.
      This patch fixes it by introducing a 'struct desc_ptr gdt_desc'
      back in the 'struct saved_context'. However instead of having in the
      'save_processor_state' and 'restore_processor_state' the
      store/load_gdt calls, we are only saving the GDT in the
      For the restore path the lgdt operation is done in
      hibernate_asm_[32|64].S in the 'restore_registers' path.
      The apt reader of this description will recognize that only 64-bit
      kernels need this treatment, not 32-bit. This patch adds the logic
      in the 32-bit path to be more similar to 64-bit so that in the future
      the unification process can take advantage of this.
      [ hpa: this also reverts an inadvertent on-disk format change ]
      Suggested-by: default avatar"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
      Acked-by: default avatar"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1367459610-9656-2-git-send-email-konrad.wilk@oracle.comSigned-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
  5. 11 Apr, 2013 1 commit
    • Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk's avatar
      x86-32, gdt: Store/load GDT for ACPI S3 or hibernation/resume path is not needed · 84e70971
      Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk authored
      During the ACPI S3 suspend, we store the GDT in the wakup_header (see
      wakeup_asm.s) field called 'pmode_gdt'.
      Which is then used during the resume path and has the same exact
      value as what the store/load_gdt do with the saved_context
      (which is saved/restored via save/restore_processor_state()).
      The flow during resume from ACPI S3 is simpler than the 64-bit
      counterpart. We only use the early bootstrap once (wakeup_gdt) and
      do various checks in real mode.
      After the checks are completed, we load the saved GDT ('pmode_gdt') and
      continue on with the resume (by heading to startup_32 in trampoline_32.S) -
      which quickly jumps to what was saved in 'pmode_entry'
      aka 'wakeup_pmode_return'.
      The 'wakeup_pmode_return' restores the GDT (saved_gdt) again (which was
      saved in do_suspend_lowlevel initially). After that it ends up calling
      the 'ret_point' which calls 'restore_processor_state()'.
      We have two opportunities to remove code where we restore the same GDT
      Here is the call chain:
             |- lgdtl wakeup_gdt [the work-around broken BIOSes]
             | - lgdtl pmode_gdt [the real one]
             \-- startup_32 (in trampoline_32.S)
                    \-- wakeup_pmode_return (in wakeup_32.S)
                             |- lgdtl saved_gdt [the real one]
                             \-- ret_point
                                   |- call restore_processor_state
      The hibernate path is much simpler. During the saving of the hibernation
      image we call save_processor_state() and save the contents of that
      along with the rest of the kernel in the hibernation image destination.
      We save the EIP of 'restore_registers' (restore_jump_address) and
      cr3 (restore_cr3).
      During hibernate resume, the 'restore_registers' (via the
      'restore_jump_address) in hibernate_asm_32.S is invoked which
      restores the contents of most registers. Naturally the resume path benefits
      from already being in 32-bit mode, so it does not have to reload the GDT.
      It only reloads the cr3 (from restore_cr3) and continues on. Note
      that the restoration of the restore image page-tables is done prior to
      After the 'restore_registers' it returns and we end up called
      restore_processor_state() - where we reload the GDT. The reload of
      the GDT is not needed as bootup kernel has already loaded the GDT
      which is at the same physical location as the the restored kernel.
      Note that the hibernation path assumes the GDT is correct during its
      'restore_registers'. The assumption in the code is that the restored
      image is the same as saved - meaning we are not trying to restore
      an different kernel in the virtual address space of a new kernel.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarKonrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
      Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1365194544-14648-3-git-send-email-konrad.wilk@oracle.com
      Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
  6. 24 May, 2011 1 commit
  7. 07 Jun, 2010 1 commit
  8. 01 Apr, 2009 1 commit
  9. 23 Oct, 2008 2 commits
  10. 22 Jul, 2008 1 commit
    • Vegard Nossum's avatar
      x86: consolidate header guards · 77ef50a5
      Vegard Nossum authored
      This patch is the result of an automatic script that consolidates the
      format of all the headers in include/asm-x86/.
      The format:
      1. No leading underscore. Names with leading underscores are reserved.
      2. Pathname components are separated by two underscores. So we can
         distinguish between mm_types.h and mm/types.h.
      3. Everything except letters and numbers are turned into single
      Signed-off-by: default avatarVegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@gmail.com>
  11. 18 Jun, 2008 1 commit
  12. 17 Apr, 2008 1 commit
  13. 30 Jan, 2008 1 commit
  14. 11 Oct, 2007 1 commit
  15. 25 Jul, 2007 1 commit
  16. 07 Dec, 2006 2 commits
    • Rafael J. Wysocki's avatar
      [PATCH] swsusp: Support i386 systems with PAE or without PSE · 2d4a34c9
      Rafael J. Wysocki authored
      Make swsusp support i386 systems with PAE or without PSE.
      This is done by creating temporary page tables located in resume-safe page
      frames before the suspend image is restored in the same way as x86_64 does
      Signed-off-by: default avatarRafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl>
      Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
      Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>
      Cc: Nigel Cunningham <ncunningham@linuxmail.org>
      Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
    • Rusty Russell's avatar
      [PATCH] paravirt: header and stubs for paravirtualisation · d3561b7f
      Rusty Russell authored
      Create a paravirt.h header for all the critical operations which need to be
      replaced with hypervisor calls, and include that instead of defining native
      operations, when CONFIG_PARAVIRT.
      This patch does the dumbest possible replacement of paravirtualized
      instructions: calls through a "paravirt_ops" structure.  Currently these are
      function implementations of native hardware: hypervisors will override the ops
      structure with their own variants.
      All the pv-ops functions are declared "fastcall" so that a specific
      register-based ABI is used, to make inlining assember easier.
      +From: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
      The paravirt ops introduce a 'weak' attribute onto memory_setup().
      Code ordering leads to the following warnings on x86:
          arch/i386/kernel/setup.c:651: warning: weak declaration of
                      `memory_setup' after first use results in unspecified behavior
      Move memory_setup() to avoid this.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Wright <chrisw@sous-sol.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndi Kleen <ak@suse.de>
      Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
      Cc: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org>
  17. 16 Apr, 2005 2 commits
    • Roland McGrath's avatar
      [PATCH] i386: Use loaddebug macro consistently · ecd02ddd
      Roland McGrath authored
      This moves the macro loaddebug from asm-i386/suspend.h to
      asm-i386/processor.h, which is the place that makes sense for it to be
      defined, removes the extra copy of the same macro in
      arch/i386/kernel/process.c, and makes arch/i386/kernel/signal.c use the
      macro in place of its expansion.
      This is a purely cosmetic cleanup for the normal i386 kernel.  However, it
      is handy for Xen to be able to just redefine the loaddebug macro once
      instead of also changing the signal.c code.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarRoland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      Let it rip!