nmi.c 9.71 KB
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/*
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 *   Machine check handler
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 *
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 *    Copyright IBM Corp. 2000, 2009
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 *    Author(s): Ingo Adlung <adlung@de.ibm.com>,
 *		 Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>,
 *		 Cornelia Huck <cornelia.huck@de.ibm.com>,
 *		 Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>,
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 */

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#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
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#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
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#include <linux/hardirq.h>
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#include <linux/time.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <asm/lowcore.h>
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#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/etr.h>
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#include <asm/cputime.h>
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#include <asm/nmi.h>
#include <asm/crw.h>
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struct mcck_struct {
	int kill_task;
	int channel_report;
	int warning;
	unsigned long long mcck_code;
};

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mcck_struct, cpu_mcck);

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static void s390_handle_damage(char *msg)
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{
	smp_send_stop();
	disabled_wait((unsigned long) __builtin_return_address(0));
	while (1);
}

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/*
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 * Main machine check handler function. Will be called with interrupts enabled
 * or disabled and machine checks enabled or disabled.
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 */
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void s390_handle_mcck(void)
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{
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	unsigned long flags;
	struct mcck_struct mcck;
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	/*
	 * Disable machine checks and get the current state of accumulated
	 * machine checks. Afterwards delete the old state and enable machine
	 * checks again.
	 */
	local_irq_save(flags);
	local_mcck_disable();
	mcck = __get_cpu_var(cpu_mcck);
	memset(&__get_cpu_var(cpu_mcck), 0, sizeof(struct mcck_struct));
	clear_thread_flag(TIF_MCCK_PENDING);
	local_mcck_enable();
	local_irq_restore(flags);
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	if (mcck.channel_report)
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		crw_handle_channel_report();
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	/*
	 * A warning may remain for a prolonged period on the bare iron.
	 * (actually until the machine is powered off, or the problem is gone)
	 * So we just stop listening for the WARNING MCH and avoid continuously
	 * being interrupted.  One caveat is however, that we must do this per
	 * processor and cannot use the smp version of ctl_clear_bit().
	 * On VM we only get one interrupt per virtally presented machinecheck.
	 * Though one suffices, we may get one interrupt per (virtual) cpu.
	 */
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	if (mcck.warning) {	/* WARNING pending ? */
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		static int mchchk_wng_posted = 0;
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		/* Use single cpu clear, as we cannot handle smp here. */
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		__ctl_clear_bit(14, 24);	/* Disable WARNING MCH */
		if (xchg(&mchchk_wng_posted, 1) == 0)
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			kill_cad_pid(SIGPWR, 1);
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	}
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	if (mcck.kill_task) {
		local_irq_enable();
		printk(KERN_EMERG "mcck: Terminating task because of machine "
		       "malfunction (code 0x%016llx).\n", mcck.mcck_code);
		printk(KERN_EMERG "mcck: task: %s, pid: %d.\n",
		       current->comm, current->pid);
		do_exit(SIGSEGV);
	}
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(s390_handle_mcck);
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/*
 * returns 0 if all registers could be validated
 * returns 1 otherwise
 */
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static int notrace s390_revalidate_registers(struct mci *mci)
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{
	int kill_task;
	u64 zero;
	void *fpt_save_area, *fpt_creg_save_area;

	kill_task = 0;
	zero = 0;
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	if (!mci->gr) {
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		/*
		 * General purpose registers couldn't be restored and have
		 * unknown contents. Process needs to be terminated.
		 */
		kill_task = 1;
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	}
	if (!mci->fp) {
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		/*
		 * Floating point registers can't be restored and
		 * therefore the process needs to be terminated.
		 */
		kill_task = 1;
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	}
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#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
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	asm volatile(
		"	ld	0,0(%0)\n"
		"	ld	2,8(%0)\n"
		"	ld	4,16(%0)\n"
		"	ld	6,24(%0)"
		: : "a" (&S390_lowcore.floating_pt_save_area));
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#endif

	if (MACHINE_HAS_IEEE) {
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#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
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		fpt_save_area = &S390_lowcore.floating_pt_save_area;
		fpt_creg_save_area = &S390_lowcore.fpt_creg_save_area;
#else
		fpt_save_area = (void *) S390_lowcore.extended_save_area_addr;
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		fpt_creg_save_area = fpt_save_area + 128;
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#endif
		if (!mci->fc) {
			/*
			 * Floating point control register can't be restored.
			 * Task will be terminated.
			 */
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			asm volatile("lfpc 0(%0)" : : "a" (&zero), "m" (zero));
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			kill_task = 1;

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		} else
			asm volatile("lfpc 0(%0)" : : "a" (fpt_creg_save_area));
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		asm volatile(
			"	ld	0,0(%0)\n"
			"	ld	1,8(%0)\n"
			"	ld	2,16(%0)\n"
			"	ld	3,24(%0)\n"
			"	ld	4,32(%0)\n"
			"	ld	5,40(%0)\n"
			"	ld	6,48(%0)\n"
			"	ld	7,56(%0)\n"
			"	ld	8,64(%0)\n"
			"	ld	9,72(%0)\n"
			"	ld	10,80(%0)\n"
			"	ld	11,88(%0)\n"
			"	ld	12,96(%0)\n"
			"	ld	13,104(%0)\n"
			"	ld	14,112(%0)\n"
			"	ld	15,120(%0)\n"
			: : "a" (fpt_save_area));
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	}
	/* Revalidate access registers */
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	asm volatile(
		"	lam	0,15,0(%0)"
		: : "a" (&S390_lowcore.access_regs_save_area));
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	if (!mci->ar) {
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		/*
		 * Access registers have unknown contents.
		 * Terminating task.
		 */
		kill_task = 1;
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	}
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	/* Revalidate control registers */
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	if (!mci->cr) {
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		/*
		 * Control registers have unknown contents.
		 * Can't recover and therefore stopping machine.
		 */
		s390_handle_damage("invalid control registers.");
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	} else {
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#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
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		asm volatile(
			"	lctlg	0,15,0(%0)"
			: : "a" (&S390_lowcore.cregs_save_area));
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#else
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		asm volatile(
			"	lctl	0,15,0(%0)"
			: : "a" (&S390_lowcore.cregs_save_area));
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#endif
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	}
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	/*
	 * We don't even try to revalidate the TOD register, since we simply
	 * can't write something sensible into that register.
	 */
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#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
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	/*
	 * See if we can revalidate the TOD programmable register with its
	 * old contents (should be zero) otherwise set it to zero.
	 */
	if (!mci->pr)
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		asm volatile(
			"	sr	0,0\n"
			"	sckpf"
			: : : "0", "cc");
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	else
		asm volatile(
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			"	l	0,0(%0)\n"
			"	sckpf"
			: : "a" (&S390_lowcore.tod_progreg_save_area)
			: "0", "cc");
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#endif
	/* Revalidate clock comparator register */
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	if (S390_lowcore.clock_comparator == -1)
		set_clock_comparator(S390_lowcore.mcck_clock);
	else
		set_clock_comparator(S390_lowcore.clock_comparator);
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	/* Check if old PSW is valid */
	if (!mci->wp)
		/*
		 * Can't tell if we come from user or kernel mode
		 * -> stopping machine.
		 */
		s390_handle_damage("old psw invalid.");

	if (!mci->ms || !mci->pm || !mci->ia)
		kill_task = 1;

	return kill_task;
}

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#define MAX_IPD_COUNT	29
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#define MAX_IPD_TIME	(5 * 60 * USEC_PER_SEC) /* 5 minutes */
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#define ED_STP_ISLAND	6	/* External damage STP island check */
#define ED_STP_SYNC	7	/* External damage STP sync check */
#define ED_ETR_SYNC	12	/* External damage ETR sync check */
#define ED_ETR_SWITCH	13	/* External damage ETR switch to local */

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/*
 * machine check handler.
 */
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void notrace s390_do_machine_check(struct pt_regs *regs)
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{
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	static int ipd_count;
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	static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(ipd_lock);
	static unsigned long long last_ipd;
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	struct mcck_struct *mcck;
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	unsigned long long tmp;
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	struct mci *mci;
	int umode;

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	nmi_enter();
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	inc_irq_stat(NMI_NMI);
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	mci = (struct mci *) &S390_lowcore.mcck_interruption_code;
	mcck = &__get_cpu_var(cpu_mcck);
	umode = user_mode(regs);

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	if (mci->sd) {
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		/* System damage -> stopping machine */
		s390_handle_damage("received system damage machine check.");
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	}
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	if (mci->pd) {
		if (mci->b) {
			/* Processing backup -> verify if we can survive this */
			u64 z_mcic, o_mcic, t_mcic;
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#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
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			z_mcic = (1ULL<<63 | 1ULL<<59 | 1ULL<<29);
			o_mcic = (1ULL<<43 | 1ULL<<42 | 1ULL<<41 | 1ULL<<40 |
				  1ULL<<36 | 1ULL<<35 | 1ULL<<34 | 1ULL<<32 |
				  1ULL<<30 | 1ULL<<21 | 1ULL<<20 | 1ULL<<17 |
				  1ULL<<16);
#else
			z_mcic = (1ULL<<63 | 1ULL<<59 | 1ULL<<57 | 1ULL<<50 |
				  1ULL<<29);
			o_mcic = (1ULL<<43 | 1ULL<<42 | 1ULL<<41 | 1ULL<<40 |
				  1ULL<<36 | 1ULL<<35 | 1ULL<<34 | 1ULL<<32 |
				  1ULL<<30 | 1ULL<<20 | 1ULL<<17 | 1ULL<<16);
#endif
			t_mcic = *(u64 *)mci;

			if (((t_mcic & z_mcic) != 0) ||
			    ((t_mcic & o_mcic) != o_mcic)) {
				s390_handle_damage("processing backup machine "
						   "check with damage.");
			}
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			/*
			 * Nullifying exigent condition, therefore we might
			 * retry this instruction.
			 */
			spin_lock(&ipd_lock);
			tmp = get_clock();
			if (((tmp - last_ipd) >> 12) < MAX_IPD_TIME)
				ipd_count++;
			else
				ipd_count = 1;
			last_ipd = tmp;
			if (ipd_count == MAX_IPD_COUNT)
				s390_handle_damage("too many ipd retries.");
			spin_unlock(&ipd_lock);
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		} else {
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			/* Processing damage -> stopping machine */
			s390_handle_damage("received instruction processing "
					   "damage machine check.");
		}
	}
	if (s390_revalidate_registers(mci)) {
		if (umode) {
			/*
			 * Couldn't restore all register contents while in
			 * user mode -> mark task for termination.
			 */
			mcck->kill_task = 1;
			mcck->mcck_code = *(unsigned long long *) mci;
			set_thread_flag(TIF_MCCK_PENDING);
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		} else {
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			/*
			 * Couldn't restore all register contents while in
			 * kernel mode -> stopping machine.
			 */
			s390_handle_damage("unable to revalidate registers.");
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		}
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	}
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	if (mci->cd) {
		/* Timing facility damage */
		s390_handle_damage("TOD clock damaged");
	}
	if (mci->ed && mci->ec) {
		/* External damage */
		if (S390_lowcore.external_damage_code & (1U << ED_ETR_SYNC))
			etr_sync_check();
		if (S390_lowcore.external_damage_code & (1U << ED_ETR_SWITCH))
			etr_switch_to_local();
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		if (S390_lowcore.external_damage_code & (1U << ED_STP_SYNC))
			stp_sync_check();
		if (S390_lowcore.external_damage_code & (1U << ED_STP_ISLAND))
			stp_island_check();
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	}
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	if (mci->se)
		/* Storage error uncorrected */
		s390_handle_damage("received storage error uncorrected "
				   "machine check.");
	if (mci->ke)
		/* Storage key-error uncorrected */
		s390_handle_damage("received storage key-error uncorrected "
				   "machine check.");
	if (mci->ds && mci->fa)
		/* Storage degradation */
		s390_handle_damage("received storage degradation machine "
				   "check.");
	if (mci->cp) {
		/* Channel report word pending */
		mcck->channel_report = 1;
		set_thread_flag(TIF_MCCK_PENDING);
	}
	if (mci->w) {
		/* Warning pending */
		mcck->warning = 1;
		set_thread_flag(TIF_MCCK_PENDING);
	}
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	nmi_exit();
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}

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static int __init machine_check_init(void)
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{
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	ctl_set_bit(14, 25);	/* enable external damage MCH */
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	ctl_set_bit(14, 27);	/* enable system recovery MCH */
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	ctl_set_bit(14, 24);	/* enable warning MCH */
	return 0;
}
arch_initcall(machine_check_init);