cfq-iosched.c 56.5 KB
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/*
 *  CFQ, or complete fairness queueing, disk scheduler.
 *
 *  Based on ideas from a previously unfinished io
 *  scheduler (round robin per-process disk scheduling) and Andrea Arcangeli.
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2003 Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de>
 */
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
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#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/elevator.h>
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#include <linux/hash.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
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#include <linux/ioprio.h>
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/*
 * tunables
 */
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static const int cfq_quantum = 4;		/* max queue in one round of service */
static const int cfq_queued = 8;		/* minimum rq allocate limit per-queue*/
static const int cfq_fifo_expire[2] = { HZ / 4, HZ / 8 };
static const int cfq_back_max = 16 * 1024;	/* maximum backwards seek, in KiB */
static const int cfq_back_penalty = 2;		/* penalty of a backwards seek */
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static const int cfq_slice_sync = HZ / 10;
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static int cfq_slice_async = HZ / 25;
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static const int cfq_slice_async_rq = 2;
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static int cfq_slice_idle = HZ / 100;
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#define CFQ_IDLE_GRACE		(HZ / 10)
#define CFQ_SLICE_SCALE		(5)

#define CFQ_KEY_ASYNC		(0)
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#define CFQ_KEY_ANY		(0xffff)
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/*
 * disable queueing at the driver/hardware level
 */
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static const int cfq_max_depth = 2;
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static DEFINE_RWLOCK(cfq_exit_lock);

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/*
 * for the hash of cfqq inside the cfqd
 */
#define CFQ_QHASH_SHIFT		6
#define CFQ_QHASH_ENTRIES	(1 << CFQ_QHASH_SHIFT)
#define list_entry_qhash(entry)	hlist_entry((entry), struct cfq_queue, cfq_hash)

/*
 * for the hash of crq inside the cfqq
 */
#define CFQ_MHASH_SHIFT		6
#define CFQ_MHASH_BLOCK(sec)	((sec) >> 3)
#define CFQ_MHASH_ENTRIES	(1 << CFQ_MHASH_SHIFT)
#define CFQ_MHASH_FN(sec)	hash_long(CFQ_MHASH_BLOCK(sec), CFQ_MHASH_SHIFT)
#define rq_hash_key(rq)		((rq)->sector + (rq)->nr_sectors)
#define list_entry_hash(ptr)	hlist_entry((ptr), struct cfq_rq, hash)

#define list_entry_cfqq(ptr)	list_entry((ptr), struct cfq_queue, cfq_list)
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#define list_entry_fifo(ptr)	list_entry((ptr), struct request, queuelist)
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#define RQ_DATA(rq)		(rq)->elevator_private

/*
 * rb-tree defines
 */
#define RB_NONE			(2)
#define RB_EMPTY(node)		((node)->rb_node == NULL)
#define RB_CLEAR_COLOR(node)	(node)->rb_color = RB_NONE
#define RB_CLEAR(node)		do {	\
	(node)->rb_parent = NULL;	\
	RB_CLEAR_COLOR((node));		\
	(node)->rb_right = NULL;	\
	(node)->rb_left = NULL;		\
} while (0)
#define RB_CLEAR_ROOT(root)	((root)->rb_node = NULL)
#define rb_entry_crq(node)	rb_entry((node), struct cfq_rq, rb_node)
#define rq_rb_key(rq)		(rq)->sector

static kmem_cache_t *crq_pool;
static kmem_cache_t *cfq_pool;
static kmem_cache_t *cfq_ioc_pool;

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static atomic_t ioc_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
static struct completion *ioc_gone;

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#define CFQ_PRIO_LISTS		IOPRIO_BE_NR
#define cfq_class_idle(cfqq)	((cfqq)->ioprio_class == IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE)
#define cfq_class_be(cfqq)	((cfqq)->ioprio_class == IOPRIO_CLASS_BE)
#define cfq_class_rt(cfqq)	((cfqq)->ioprio_class == IOPRIO_CLASS_RT)

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#define ASYNC			(0)
#define SYNC			(1)

#define cfq_cfqq_dispatched(cfqq)	\
	((cfqq)->on_dispatch[ASYNC] + (cfqq)->on_dispatch[SYNC])

#define cfq_cfqq_class_sync(cfqq)	((cfqq)->key != CFQ_KEY_ASYNC)

#define cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq)		\
	(cfq_cfqq_class_sync(cfqq) || (cfqq)->on_dispatch[SYNC])
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/*
 * Per block device queue structure
 */
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struct cfq_data {
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	request_queue_t *queue;

	/*
	 * rr list of queues with requests and the count of them
	 */
	struct list_head rr_list[CFQ_PRIO_LISTS];
	struct list_head busy_rr;
	struct list_head cur_rr;
	struct list_head idle_rr;
	unsigned int busy_queues;

	/*
	 * non-ordered list of empty cfqq's
	 */
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	struct list_head empty_list;

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	/*
	 * cfqq lookup hash
	 */
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	struct hlist_head *cfq_hash;

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	/*
	 * global crq hash for all queues
	 */
	struct hlist_head *crq_hash;
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	unsigned int max_queued;

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	mempool_t *crq_pool;
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	int rq_in_driver;
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	/*
	 * schedule slice state info
	 */
	/*
	 * idle window management
	 */
	struct timer_list idle_slice_timer;
	struct work_struct unplug_work;
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	struct cfq_queue *active_queue;
	struct cfq_io_context *active_cic;
	int cur_prio, cur_end_prio;
	unsigned int dispatch_slice;

	struct timer_list idle_class_timer;
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	sector_t last_sector;
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	unsigned long last_end_request;
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	unsigned int rq_starved;
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	/*
	 * tunables, see top of file
	 */
	unsigned int cfq_quantum;
	unsigned int cfq_queued;
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	unsigned int cfq_fifo_expire[2];
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	unsigned int cfq_back_penalty;
	unsigned int cfq_back_max;
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	unsigned int cfq_slice[2];
	unsigned int cfq_slice_async_rq;
	unsigned int cfq_slice_idle;
	unsigned int cfq_max_depth;
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	struct list_head cic_list;
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};

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/*
 * Per process-grouping structure
 */
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struct cfq_queue {
	/* reference count */
	atomic_t ref;
	/* parent cfq_data */
	struct cfq_data *cfqd;
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	/* cfqq lookup hash */
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	struct hlist_node cfq_hash;
	/* hash key */
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	unsigned int key;
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	/* on either rr or empty list of cfqd */
	struct list_head cfq_list;
	/* sorted list of pending requests */
	struct rb_root sort_list;
	/* if fifo isn't expired, next request to serve */
	struct cfq_rq *next_crq;
	/* requests queued in sort_list */
	int queued[2];
	/* currently allocated requests */
	int allocated[2];
	/* fifo list of requests in sort_list */
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	struct list_head fifo;
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	unsigned long slice_start;
	unsigned long slice_end;
	unsigned long slice_left;
	unsigned long service_last;
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	/* number of requests that are on the dispatch list */
	int on_dispatch[2];
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	/* io prio of this group */
	unsigned short ioprio, org_ioprio;
	unsigned short ioprio_class, org_ioprio_class;

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	/* various state flags, see below */
	unsigned int flags;
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};

struct cfq_rq {
	struct rb_node rb_node;
	sector_t rb_key;
	struct request *request;
	struct hlist_node hash;

	struct cfq_queue *cfq_queue;
	struct cfq_io_context *io_context;

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	unsigned int crq_flags;
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};

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enum cfqq_state_flags {
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_on_rr = 0,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_wait_request,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_must_alloc,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_must_alloc_slice,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_must_dispatch,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_fifo_expire,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_idle_window,
	CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_prio_changed,
};

#define CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(name)						\
static inline void cfq_mark_cfqq_##name(struct cfq_queue *cfqq)		\
{									\
	cfqq->flags |= (1 << CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_##name);			\
}									\
static inline void cfq_clear_cfqq_##name(struct cfq_queue *cfqq)	\
{									\
	cfqq->flags &= ~(1 << CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_##name);			\
}									\
static inline int cfq_cfqq_##name(const struct cfq_queue *cfqq)		\
{									\
	return (cfqq->flags & (1 << CFQ_CFQQ_FLAG_##name)) != 0;	\
}

CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(on_rr);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(wait_request);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(must_alloc);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(must_alloc_slice);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(must_dispatch);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(fifo_expire);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(idle_window);
CFQ_CFQQ_FNS(prio_changed);
#undef CFQ_CFQQ_FNS

enum cfq_rq_state_flags {
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	CFQ_CRQ_FLAG_is_sync = 0,
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};

#define CFQ_CRQ_FNS(name)						\
static inline void cfq_mark_crq_##name(struct cfq_rq *crq)		\
{									\
	crq->crq_flags |= (1 << CFQ_CRQ_FLAG_##name);			\
}									\
static inline void cfq_clear_crq_##name(struct cfq_rq *crq)		\
{									\
	crq->crq_flags &= ~(1 << CFQ_CRQ_FLAG_##name);			\
}									\
static inline int cfq_crq_##name(const struct cfq_rq *crq)		\
{									\
	return (crq->crq_flags & (1 << CFQ_CRQ_FLAG_##name)) != 0;	\
}

CFQ_CRQ_FNS(is_sync);
#undef CFQ_CRQ_FNS

static struct cfq_queue *cfq_find_cfq_hash(struct cfq_data *, unsigned int, unsigned short);
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static void cfq_dispatch_insert(request_queue_t *, struct cfq_rq *);
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static struct cfq_queue *cfq_get_queue(struct cfq_data *cfqd, unsigned int key, struct task_struct *tsk, gfp_t gfp_mask);
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#define process_sync(tsk)	((tsk)->flags & PF_SYNCWRITE)
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/*
 * lots of deadline iosched dupes, can be abstracted later...
 */
static inline void cfq_del_crq_hash(struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	hlist_del_init(&crq->hash);
}

static inline void cfq_add_crq_hash(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	const int hash_idx = CFQ_MHASH_FN(rq_hash_key(crq->request));

	hlist_add_head(&crq->hash, &cfqd->crq_hash[hash_idx]);
}

static struct request *cfq_find_rq_hash(struct cfq_data *cfqd, sector_t offset)
{
	struct hlist_head *hash_list = &cfqd->crq_hash[CFQ_MHASH_FN(offset)];
	struct hlist_node *entry, *next;

	hlist_for_each_safe(entry, next, hash_list) {
		struct cfq_rq *crq = list_entry_hash(entry);
		struct request *__rq = crq->request;

		if (!rq_mergeable(__rq)) {
			cfq_del_crq_hash(crq);
			continue;
		}

		if (rq_hash_key(__rq) == offset)
			return __rq;
	}

	return NULL;
}

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/*
 * scheduler run of queue, if there are requests pending and no one in the
 * driver that will restart queueing
 */
static inline void cfq_schedule_dispatch(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
{
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	if (cfqd->busy_queues)
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		kblockd_schedule_work(&cfqd->unplug_work);
}

static int cfq_queue_empty(request_queue_t *q)
{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;

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	return !cfqd->busy_queues;
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}

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/*
 * Lifted from AS - choose which of crq1 and crq2 that is best served now.
 * We choose the request that is closest to the head right now. Distance
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 * behind the head is penalized and only allowed to a certain extent.
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 */
static struct cfq_rq *
cfq_choose_req(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_rq *crq1, struct cfq_rq *crq2)
{
	sector_t last, s1, s2, d1 = 0, d2 = 0;
	unsigned long back_max;
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#define CFQ_RQ1_WRAP	0x01 /* request 1 wraps */
#define CFQ_RQ2_WRAP	0x02 /* request 2 wraps */
	unsigned wrap = 0; /* bit mask: requests behind the disk head? */
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	if (crq1 == NULL || crq1 == crq2)
		return crq2;
	if (crq2 == NULL)
		return crq1;
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	if (cfq_crq_is_sync(crq1) && !cfq_crq_is_sync(crq2))
		return crq1;
	else if (cfq_crq_is_sync(crq2) && !cfq_crq_is_sync(crq1))
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		return crq2;
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	s1 = crq1->request->sector;
	s2 = crq2->request->sector;

	last = cfqd->last_sector;

	/*
	 * by definition, 1KiB is 2 sectors
	 */
	back_max = cfqd->cfq_back_max * 2;

	/*
	 * Strict one way elevator _except_ in the case where we allow
	 * short backward seeks which are biased as twice the cost of a
	 * similar forward seek.
	 */
	if (s1 >= last)
		d1 = s1 - last;
	else if (s1 + back_max >= last)
		d1 = (last - s1) * cfqd->cfq_back_penalty;
	else
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		wrap |= CFQ_RQ1_WRAP;
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	if (s2 >= last)
		d2 = s2 - last;
	else if (s2 + back_max >= last)
		d2 = (last - s2) * cfqd->cfq_back_penalty;
	else
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		wrap |= CFQ_RQ2_WRAP;
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	/* Found required data */
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	/*
	 * By doing switch() on the bit mask "wrap" we avoid having to
	 * check two variables for all permutations: --> faster!
	 */
	switch (wrap) {
	case 0: /* common case for CFQ: crq1 and crq2 not wrapped */
		if (d1 < d2)
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			return crq1;
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		else if (d2 < d1)
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			return crq2;
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		else {
			if (s1 >= s2)
				return crq1;
			else
				return crq2;
		}
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	case CFQ_RQ2_WRAP:
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		return crq1;
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	case CFQ_RQ1_WRAP:
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		return crq2;
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	case (CFQ_RQ1_WRAP|CFQ_RQ2_WRAP): /* both crqs wrapped */
	default:
		/*
		 * Since both rqs are wrapped,
		 * start with the one that's further behind head
		 * (--> only *one* back seek required),
		 * since back seek takes more time than forward.
		 */
		if (s1 <= s2)
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			return crq1;
		else
			return crq2;
	}
}

/*
 * would be nice to take fifo expire time into account as well
 */
static struct cfq_rq *
cfq_find_next_crq(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq,
		  struct cfq_rq *last)
{
	struct cfq_rq *crq_next = NULL, *crq_prev = NULL;
	struct rb_node *rbnext, *rbprev;

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	if (!(rbnext = rb_next(&last->rb_node))) {
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		rbnext = rb_first(&cfqq->sort_list);
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		if (rbnext == &last->rb_node)
			rbnext = NULL;
	}
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	rbprev = rb_prev(&last->rb_node);

	if (rbprev)
		crq_prev = rb_entry_crq(rbprev);
	if (rbnext)
		crq_next = rb_entry_crq(rbnext);

	return cfq_choose_req(cfqd, crq_next, crq_prev);
}

static void cfq_update_next_crq(struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = crq->cfq_queue;

	if (cfqq->next_crq == crq)
		cfqq->next_crq = cfq_find_next_crq(cfqq->cfqd, cfqq, crq);
}

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static void cfq_resort_rr_list(struct cfq_queue *cfqq, int preempted)
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{
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cfqq->cfqd;
	struct list_head *list, *entry;
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	BUG_ON(!cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq));
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	list_del(&cfqq->cfq_list);
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	if (cfq_class_rt(cfqq))
		list = &cfqd->cur_rr;
	else if (cfq_class_idle(cfqq))
		list = &cfqd->idle_rr;
	else {
		/*
		 * if cfqq has requests in flight, don't allow it to be
		 * found in cfq_set_active_queue before it has finished them.
		 * this is done to increase fairness between a process that
		 * has lots of io pending vs one that only generates one
		 * sporadically or synchronously
		 */
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		if (cfq_cfqq_dispatched(cfqq))
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			list = &cfqd->busy_rr;
		else
			list = &cfqd->rr_list[cfqq->ioprio];
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	}

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	/*
	 * if queue was preempted, just add to front to be fair. busy_rr
	 * isn't sorted.
	 */
	if (preempted || list == &cfqd->busy_rr) {
		list_add(&cfqq->cfq_list, list);
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		return;
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	}
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	/*
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	 * sort by when queue was last serviced
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	 */
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	entry = list;
	while ((entry = entry->prev) != list) {
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		struct cfq_queue *__cfqq = list_entry_cfqq(entry);

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		if (!__cfqq->service_last)
			break;
		if (time_before(__cfqq->service_last, cfqq->service_last))
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			break;
	}

	list_add(&cfqq->cfq_list, entry);
}

/*
 * add to busy list of queues for service, trying to be fair in ordering
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 * the pending list according to last request service
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 */
static inline void
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cfq_add_cfqq_rr(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
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{
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	BUG_ON(cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq));
	cfq_mark_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq);
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	cfqd->busy_queues++;

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	cfq_resort_rr_list(cfqq, 0);
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}

static inline void
cfq_del_cfqq_rr(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
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	BUG_ON(!cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq));
	cfq_clear_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq);
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	list_move(&cfqq->cfq_list, &cfqd->empty_list);
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	BUG_ON(!cfqd->busy_queues);
	cfqd->busy_queues--;
}

/*
 * rb tree support functions
 */
static inline void cfq_del_crq_rb(struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = crq->cfq_queue;
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cfqq->cfqd;
	const int sync = cfq_crq_is_sync(crq);
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	BUG_ON(!cfqq->queued[sync]);
	cfqq->queued[sync]--;
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	cfq_update_next_crq(crq);
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	rb_erase(&crq->rb_node, &cfqq->sort_list);
	RB_CLEAR_COLOR(&crq->rb_node);
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	if (cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq) && RB_EMPTY(&cfqq->sort_list))
		cfq_del_cfqq_rr(cfqd, cfqq);
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}

static struct cfq_rq *
__cfq_add_crq_rb(struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &crq->cfq_queue->sort_list.rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	struct cfq_rq *__crq;

	while (*p) {
		parent = *p;
		__crq = rb_entry_crq(parent);

		if (crq->rb_key < __crq->rb_key)
			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
		else if (crq->rb_key > __crq->rb_key)
			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
		else
			return __crq;
	}

	rb_link_node(&crq->rb_node, parent, p);
	return NULL;
}

static void cfq_add_crq_rb(struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = crq->cfq_queue;
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cfqq->cfqd;
	struct request *rq = crq->request;
	struct cfq_rq *__alias;

	crq->rb_key = rq_rb_key(rq);
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	cfqq->queued[cfq_crq_is_sync(crq)]++;
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	/*
	 * looks a little odd, but the first insert might return an alias.
	 * if that happens, put the alias on the dispatch list
	 */
	while ((__alias = __cfq_add_crq_rb(crq)) != NULL)
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		cfq_dispatch_insert(cfqd->queue, __alias);
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	rb_insert_color(&crq->rb_node, &cfqq->sort_list);

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	if (!cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq))
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		cfq_add_cfqq_rr(cfqd, cfqq);
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	/*
	 * check if this request is a better next-serve candidate
	 */
	cfqq->next_crq = cfq_choose_req(cfqd, cfqq->next_crq, crq);
}

static inline void
cfq_reposition_crq_rb(struct cfq_queue *cfqq, struct cfq_rq *crq)
{
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	rb_erase(&crq->rb_node, &cfqq->sort_list);
	cfqq->queued[cfq_crq_is_sync(crq)]--;
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	cfq_add_crq_rb(crq);
}

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static struct request *cfq_find_rq_rb(struct cfq_data *cfqd, sector_t sector)

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{
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	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = cfq_find_cfq_hash(cfqd, current->pid, CFQ_KEY_ANY);
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	struct rb_node *n;

	if (!cfqq)
		goto out;

	n = cfqq->sort_list.rb_node;
	while (n) {
		struct cfq_rq *crq = rb_entry_crq(n);

		if (sector < crq->rb_key)
			n = n->rb_left;
		else if (sector > crq->rb_key)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else
			return crq->request;
	}

out:
	return NULL;
}

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static void cfq_activate_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
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{
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
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	cfqd->rq_in_driver++;
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}

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static void cfq_deactivate_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
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{
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;

	WARN_ON(!cfqd->rq_in_driver);
	cfqd->rq_in_driver--;
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}

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static void cfq_remove_request(struct request *rq)
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{
	struct cfq_rq *crq = RQ_DATA(rq);

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	list_del_init(&rq->queuelist);
	cfq_del_crq_rb(crq);
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	cfq_del_crq_hash(crq);
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}

static int
cfq_merge(request_queue_t *q, struct request **req, struct bio *bio)
{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct request *__rq;
	int ret;

	__rq = cfq_find_rq_hash(cfqd, bio->bi_sector);
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	if (__rq && elv_rq_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
		ret = ELEVATOR_BACK_MERGE;
		goto out;
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	}

	__rq = cfq_find_rq_rb(cfqd, bio->bi_sector + bio_sectors(bio));
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	if (__rq && elv_rq_merge_ok(__rq, bio)) {
		ret = ELEVATOR_FRONT_MERGE;
		goto out;
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	}

	return ELEVATOR_NO_MERGE;
out:
	*req = __rq;
	return ret;
}

static void cfq_merged_request(request_queue_t *q, struct request *req)
{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct cfq_rq *crq = RQ_DATA(req);

	cfq_del_crq_hash(crq);
	cfq_add_crq_hash(cfqd, crq);

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	if (rq_rb_key(req) != crq->rb_key) {
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		struct cfq_queue *cfqq = crq->cfq_queue;

		cfq_update_next_crq(crq);
		cfq_reposition_crq_rb(cfqq, crq);
	}
}

static void
cfq_merged_requests(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq,
		    struct request *next)
{
	cfq_merged_request(q, rq);

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	/*
	 * reposition in fifo if next is older than rq
	 */
	if (!list_empty(&rq->queuelist) && !list_empty(&next->queuelist) &&
	    time_before(next->start_time, rq->start_time))
		list_move(&rq->queuelist, &next->queuelist);

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	cfq_remove_request(next);
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}

static inline void
__cfq_set_active_queue(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
	if (cfqq) {
		/*
		 * stop potential idle class queues waiting service
		 */
		del_timer(&cfqd->idle_class_timer);

		cfqq->slice_start = jiffies;
		cfqq->slice_end = 0;
		cfqq->slice_left = 0;
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		cfq_clear_cfqq_must_alloc_slice(cfqq);
		cfq_clear_cfqq_fifo_expire(cfqq);
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	}

	cfqd->active_queue = cfqq;
}

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/*
 * current cfqq expired its slice (or was too idle), select new one
 */
static void
__cfq_slice_expired(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq,
		    int preempted)
{
	unsigned long now = jiffies;

	if (cfq_cfqq_wait_request(cfqq))
		del_timer(&cfqd->idle_slice_timer);

	if (!preempted && !cfq_cfqq_dispatched(cfqq)) {
		cfqq->service_last = now;
		cfq_schedule_dispatch(cfqd);
	}

	cfq_clear_cfqq_must_dispatch(cfqq);
	cfq_clear_cfqq_wait_request(cfqq);

	/*
	 * store what was left of this slice, if the queue idled out
	 * or was preempted
	 */
	if (time_after(cfqq->slice_end, now))
		cfqq->slice_left = cfqq->slice_end - now;
	else
		cfqq->slice_left = 0;

	if (cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq))
		cfq_resort_rr_list(cfqq, preempted);

	if (cfqq == cfqd->active_queue)
		cfqd->active_queue = NULL;

	if (cfqd->active_cic) {
		put_io_context(cfqd->active_cic->ioc);
		cfqd->active_cic = NULL;
	}

	cfqd->dispatch_slice = 0;
}

static inline void cfq_slice_expired(struct cfq_data *cfqd, int preempted)
{
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = cfqd->active_queue;

	if (cfqq)
		__cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, cfqq, preempted);
}

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/*
 * 0
 * 0,1
 * 0,1,2
 * 0,1,2,3
 * 0,1,2,3,4
 * 0,1,2,3,4,5
 * 0,1,2,3,4,5,6
 * 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7
 */
static int cfq_get_next_prio_level(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
{
	int prio, wrap;

	prio = -1;
	wrap = 0;
	do {
		int p;

		for (p = cfqd->cur_prio; p <= cfqd->cur_end_prio; p++) {
			if (!list_empty(&cfqd->rr_list[p])) {
				prio = p;
				break;
			}
		}

		if (prio != -1)
			break;
		cfqd->cur_prio = 0;
		if (++cfqd->cur_end_prio == CFQ_PRIO_LISTS) {
			cfqd->cur_end_prio = 0;
			if (wrap)
				break;
			wrap = 1;
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		}
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	} while (1);

	if (unlikely(prio == -1))
		return -1;

	BUG_ON(prio >= CFQ_PRIO_LISTS);

	list_splice_init(&cfqd->rr_list[prio], &cfqd->cur_rr);

	cfqd->cur_prio = prio + 1;
	if (cfqd->cur_prio > cfqd->cur_end_prio) {
		cfqd->cur_end_prio = cfqd->cur_prio;
		cfqd->cur_prio = 0;
	}
	if (cfqd->cur_end_prio == CFQ_PRIO_LISTS) {
		cfqd->cur_prio = 0;
		cfqd->cur_end_prio = 0;
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	}

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	return prio;
}

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static struct cfq_queue *cfq_set_active_queue(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
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{
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	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = NULL;
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	/*
	 * if current list is non-empty, grab first entry. if it is empty,
	 * get next prio level and grab first entry then if any are spliced
	 */
	if (!list_empty(&cfqd->cur_rr) || cfq_get_next_prio_level(cfqd) != -1)
		cfqq = list_entry_cfqq(cfqd->cur_rr.next);

	/*
	 * if we have idle queues and no rt or be queues had pending
	 * requests, either allow immediate service if the grace period
	 * has passed or arm the idle grace timer
	 */
	if (!cfqq && !list_empty(&cfqd->idle_rr)) {
		unsigned long end = cfqd->last_end_request + CFQ_IDLE_GRACE;

		if (time_after_eq(jiffies, end))
			cfqq = list_entry_cfqq(cfqd->idle_rr.next);
		else
			mod_timer(&cfqd->idle_class_timer, end);
	}

	__cfq_set_active_queue(cfqd, cfqq);
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	return cfqq;
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}

static int cfq_arm_slice_timer(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)

{
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	unsigned long sl;

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	WARN_ON(!RB_EMPTY(&cfqq->sort_list));
	WARN_ON(cfqq != cfqd->active_queue);

	/*
	 * idle is disabled, either manually or by past process history
	 */
	if (!cfqd->cfq_slice_idle)
		return 0;
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	if (!cfq_cfqq_idle_window(cfqq))
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		return 0;
	/*
	 * task has exited, don't wait
	 */
	if (cfqd->active_cic && !cfqd->active_cic->ioc->task)
		return 0;

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	cfq_mark_cfqq_must_dispatch(cfqq);
	cfq_mark_cfqq_wait_request(cfqq);
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	sl = min(cfqq->slice_end - 1, (unsigned long) cfqd->cfq_slice_idle);
	mod_timer(&cfqd->idle_slice_timer, jiffies + sl);
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	return 1;
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}

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static void cfq_dispatch_insert(request_queue_t *q, struct cfq_rq *crq)
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{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq = crq->cfq_queue;
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	cfqq->next_crq = cfq_find_next_crq(cfqd, cfqq, crq);
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	cfq_remove_request(crq->request);
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	cfqq->on_dispatch[cfq_crq_is_sync(crq)]++;
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	elv_dispatch_sort(q, crq->request);
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}

/*
 * return expired entry, or NULL to just start from scratch in rbtree
 */
static inline struct cfq_rq *cfq_check_fifo(struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cfqq->cfqd;
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	struct request *rq;
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	struct cfq_rq *crq;

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	if (cfq_cfqq_fifo_expire(cfqq))
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		return NULL;

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	if (!list_empty(&cfqq->fifo)) {
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		int fifo = cfq_cfqq_class_sync(cfqq);
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		crq = RQ_DATA(list_entry_fifo(cfqq->fifo.next));
		rq = crq->request;
		if (time_after(jiffies, rq->start_time + cfqd->cfq_fifo_expire[fifo])) {
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			cfq_mark_cfqq_fifo_expire(cfqq);
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			return crq;
		}
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	}

	return NULL;
}

/*
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 * Scale schedule slice based on io priority. Use the sync time slice only
 * if a queue is marked sync and has sync io queued. A sync queue with async
 * io only, should not get full sync slice length.
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 */
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static inline int
cfq_prio_to_slice(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
	const int base_slice = cfqd->cfq_slice[cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq)];

	WARN_ON(cfqq->ioprio >= IOPRIO_BE_NR);

	return base_slice + (base_slice/CFQ_SLICE_SCALE * (4 - cfqq->ioprio));
}

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static inline void
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cfq_set_prio_slice(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
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{
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	cfqq->slice_end = cfq_prio_to_slice(cfqd, cfqq) + jiffies;
}
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static inline int
cfq_prio_to_maxrq(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
	const int base_rq = cfqd->cfq_slice_async_rq;
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	WARN_ON(cfqq->ioprio >= IOPRIO_BE_NR);
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	return 2 * (base_rq + base_rq * (CFQ_PRIO_LISTS - 1 - cfqq->ioprio));
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}

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/*
 * get next queue for service
 */
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static struct cfq_queue *cfq_select_queue(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
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{
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	unsigned long now = jiffies;
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	struct cfq_queue *cfqq;

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	cfqq = cfqd->active_queue;
	if (!cfqq)
		goto new_queue;
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	/*
	 * slice has expired
	 */
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	if (!cfq_cfqq_must_dispatch(cfqq) && time_after(now, cfqq->slice_end))
		goto expire;
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	/*
	 * if queue has requests, dispatch one. if not, check if
	 * enough slice is left to wait for one
	 */
	if (!RB_EMPTY(&cfqq->sort_list))
		goto keep_queue;
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	else if (cfq_cfqq_class_sync(cfqq) &&
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		 time_before(now, cfqq->slice_end)) {
		if (cfq_arm_slice_timer(cfqd, cfqq))
			return NULL;
	}

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expire:
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	cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, 0);
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new_queue:
	cfqq = cfq_set_active_queue(cfqd);
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keep_queue:
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	return cfqq;
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}

static int
__cfq_dispatch_requests(struct cfq_data *cfqd, struct cfq_queue *cfqq,
			int max_dispatch)
{
	int dispatched = 0;

	BUG_ON(RB_EMPTY(&cfqq->sort_list));

	do {
		struct cfq_rq *crq;
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		/*
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		 * follow expired path, else get first next available
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		 */
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		if ((crq = cfq_check_fifo(cfqq)) == NULL)
			crq = cfqq->next_crq;

		/*
		 * finally, insert request into driver dispatch list
		 */
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		cfq_dispatch_insert(cfqd->queue, crq);
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		cfqd->dispatch_slice++;
		dispatched++;
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		if (!cfqd->active_cic) {
			atomic_inc(&crq->io_context->ioc->refcount);
			cfqd->active_cic = crq->io_context;
		}
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		if (RB_EMPTY(&cfqq->sort_list))
			break;

	} while (dispatched < max_dispatch);

	/*
	 * if slice end isn't set yet, set it. if at least one request was
	 * sync, use the sync time slice value
	 */
	if (!cfqq->slice_end)
		cfq_set_prio_slice(cfqd, cfqq);

	/*
	 * expire an async queue immediately if it has used up its slice. idle
	 * queue always expire after 1 dispatch round.
	 */
	if ((!cfq_cfqq_sync(cfqq) &&
	    cfqd->dispatch_slice >= cfq_prio_to_maxrq(cfqd, cfqq)) ||
	    cfq_class_idle(cfqq))
		cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, 0);

	return dispatched;
}

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static int
cfq_forced_dispatch_cfqqs(struct list_head *list)
{
	int dispatched = 0;
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq, *next;
	struct cfq_rq *crq;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(cfqq, next, list, cfq_list) {
		while ((crq = cfqq->next_crq)) {
			cfq_dispatch_insert(cfqq->cfqd->queue, crq);
			dispatched++;
		}
		BUG_ON(!list_empty(&cfqq->fifo));
	}
	return dispatched;
}

static int
cfq_forced_dispatch(struct cfq_data *cfqd)
{
	int i, dispatched = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < CFQ_PRIO_LISTS; i++)
		dispatched += cfq_forced_dispatch_cfqqs(&cfqd->rr_list[i]);

	dispatched += cfq_forced_dispatch_cfqqs(&cfqd->busy_rr);
	dispatched += cfq_forced_dispatch_cfqqs(&cfqd->cur_rr);
	dispatched += cfq_forced_dispatch_cfqqs(&cfqd->idle_rr);

	cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, 0);

	BUG_ON(cfqd->busy_queues);

	return dispatched;
}

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static int
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cfq_dispatch_requests(request_queue_t *q, int force)
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{
	struct cfq_data *cfqd = q->elevator->elevator_data;
	struct cfq_queue *cfqq;

	if (!cfqd->busy_queues)
		return 0;

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	if (unlikely(force))
		return cfq_forced_dispatch(cfqd);

	cfqq = cfq_select_queue(cfqd);
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	if (cfqq) {
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		int max_dispatch;

		/*
		 * if idle window is disabled, allow queue buildup
		 */
		if (!cfq_cfqq_idle_window(cfqq) &&
		    cfqd->rq_in_driver >= cfqd->cfq_max_depth)
			return 0;

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		cfq_clear_cfqq_must_dispatch(cfqq);
		cfq_clear_cfqq_wait_request(cfqq);
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		del_timer(&cfqd->idle_slice_timer);

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		max_dispatch = cfqd->cfq_quantum;
		if (cfq_class_idle(cfqq))
			max_dispatch = 1;
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		return __cfq_dispatch_requests(cfqd, cfqq, max_dispatch);
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	}

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	return 0;
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}

/*
 * task holds one reference to the queue, dropped when task exits. each crq
 * in-flight on this queue also holds a reference, dropped when crq is freed.
 *
 * queue lock must be held here.
 */
static void cfq_put_queue(struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cfqq->cfqd;

	BUG_ON(atomic_read(&cfqq->ref) <= 0);
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	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&cfqq->ref))
		return;

	BUG_ON(rb_first(&cfqq->sort_list));
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	BUG_ON(cfqq->allocated[READ] + cfqq->allocated[WRITE]);
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	BUG_ON(cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq));
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	if (unlikely(cfqd->active_queue == cfqq))
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		__cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, cfqq, 0);
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	/*
	 * it's on the empty list and still hashed
	 */
	list_del(&cfqq->cfq_list);
	hlist_del(&cfqq->cfq_hash);
	kmem_cache_free(cfq_pool, cfqq);
}

static inline struct cfq_queue *
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__cfq_find_cfq_hash(struct cfq_data *cfqd, unsigned int key, unsigned int prio,
		    const int hashval)
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{
	struct hlist_head *hash_list = &cfqd->cfq_hash[hashval];
	struct hlist_node *entry, *next;

	hlist_for_each_safe(entry, next, hash_list) {
		struct cfq_queue *__cfqq = list_entry_qhash(entry);
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		const unsigned short __p = IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(__cfqq->org_ioprio_class, __cfqq->org_ioprio);
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		if (__cfqq->key == key && (__p == prio || prio == CFQ_KEY_ANY))
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			return __cfqq;
	}

	return NULL;
}

static struct cfq_queue *
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cfq_find_cfq_hash(struct cfq_data *cfqd, unsigned int key, unsigned short prio)
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{
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	return __cfq_find_cfq_hash(cfqd, key, prio, hash_long(key, CFQ_QHASH_SHIFT));
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}

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static void cfq_free_io_context(struct io_context *ioc)
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{
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	struct cfq_io_context *__cic;
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	struct rb_node *n;
	int freed = 0;
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	while ((n = rb_first(&ioc->cic_root)) != NULL) {
		__cic = rb_entry(n, struct cfq_io_context, rb_node);
		rb_erase(&__cic->rb_node, &ioc->cic_root);
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		kmem_cache_free(cfq_ioc_pool, __cic);
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		freed++;
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	}

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	if (atomic_sub_and_test(freed, &ioc_count) && ioc_gone)
		complete(ioc_gone);
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}

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static void cfq_trim(struct io_context *ioc)
{
	ioc->set_ioprio = NULL;
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	cfq_free_io_context(ioc);
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}

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/*
 * Called with interrupts disabled
 */
static void cfq_exit_single_io_context(struct cfq_io_context *cic)
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{
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	struct cfq_data *cfqd = cic->key;
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	request_queue_t *q;

	if (!cfqd)
		return;

	q = cfqd->queue;
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	WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());

	spin_lock(q->queue_lock);

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	if (cic->cfqq[ASYNC]) {
		if (unlikely(cic->cfqq[ASYNC] == cfqd->active_queue))
			__cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, cic->cfqq[ASYNC], 0);
		cfq_put_queue(cic->cfqq[ASYNC]);
		cic->cfqq[ASYNC] = NULL;
	}

	if (cic->cfqq[SYNC]) {
		if (unlikely(cic->cfqq[SYNC] == cfqd->active_queue))
			__cfq_slice_expired(cfqd, cic->cfqq[SYNC], 0);
		cfq_put_queue(cic->cfqq[SYNC]);
		cic->cfqq[SYNC] = NULL;
	}
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	cic->key = NULL;
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	list_del_init(&cic->queue_list);
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	spin_unlock(q->queue_lock);
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}

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static void cfq_exit_io_context(struct io_context *ioc)
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{
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	struct cfq_io_context *__cic;
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	unsigned long flags;
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	struct rb_node *n;
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	/*
	 * put the reference this task is holding to the various queues
	 */
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	read_lock_irqsave(&cfq_exit_lock, flags);

	n = rb_first(&ioc->cic_root);
	while (n != NULL) {
		__cic = rb_entry(n, struct cfq_io_context, rb_node);

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		cfq_exit_single_io_context(__cic);
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		n = rb_next(n);
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	}

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	read_unlock_irqrestore(&cfq_exit_lock, flags);
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}

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static struct cfq_io_context *
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cfq_alloc_io_context(struct cfq_data *cfqd, gfp_t gfp_mask)
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{
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	struct cfq_io_context *cic = kmem_cache_alloc(cfq_ioc_pool, gfp_mask);
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	if (cic) {
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		RB_CLEAR(&cic->rb_node);
		cic->key = NULL;
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		cic->cfqq[ASYNC] = NULL;
		cic->cfqq[SYNC] = NULL;
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		cic->last_end_request = jiffies;
		cic->ttime_total = 0;
		cic->ttime_samples = 0;
		cic->ttime_mean = 0;
		cic->dtor = cfq_free_io_context;
		cic->exit = cfq_exit_io_context;
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		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cic->queue_list);
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		atomic_inc(&ioc_count);
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	}

	return cic;
}

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static void cfq_init_prio_data(struct cfq_queue *cfqq)
{
	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
	int ioprio_class;

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	if (!cfq_cfqq_prio_changed(cfqq))
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		return;

	ioprio_class = IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(tsk->ioprio);
	switch (ioprio_class) {
		default:
			printk(KERN_ERR "cfq: bad prio %x\n", ioprio_class);
		case IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE:
			/*
			 * no prio set, place us in the middle of the BE classes
			 */
			cfqq->ioprio = task_nice_ioprio(tsk);
			cfqq->ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE;
			break;
		case IOPRIO_CLASS_RT:
			cfqq->ioprio = task_ioprio(tsk);
			cfqq->ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_RT;
			break;
		case IOPRIO_CLASS_BE:
			cfqq->ioprio = task_ioprio(tsk);
			cfqq->ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE;
			break;
		case IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE:
			cfqq->ioprio_class = IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE;
			cfqq->ioprio = 7;
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			cfq_clear_cfqq_idle_window(cfqq);
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			break;
	}

	/*
	 * keep track of original prio settings in case we have to temporarily
	 * elevate the priority of this queue
	 */
	cfqq->org_ioprio = cfqq->ioprio;
	cfqq->org_ioprio_class = cfqq->ioprio_class;

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	if (cfq_cfqq_on_rr(cfqq))
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		cfq_resort_rr_list(cfqq, 0);

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	cfq_clear_cfqq_prio_changed(cfqq);
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}

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static inline void changed_ioprio(struct cfq_io_context *cic)