audit_watch.c 15 KB
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/* audit_watch.c -- watching inodes
 *
 * Copyright 2003-2009 Red Hat, Inc.
 * Copyright 2005 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
 * Copyright 2005 IBM Corporation
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <linux/inotify.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include "audit.h"

/*
 * Reference counting:
 *
 * audit_parent: lifetime is from audit_init_parent() to receipt of an IN_IGNORED
 * 	event.  Each audit_watch holds a reference to its associated parent.
 *
 * audit_watch: if added to lists, lifetime is from audit_init_watch() to
 * 	audit_remove_watch().  Additionally, an audit_watch may exist
 * 	temporarily to assist in searching existing filter data.  Each
 * 	audit_krule holds a reference to its associated watch.
 */

struct audit_watch {
	atomic_t		count;	/* reference count */
	dev_t			dev;	/* associated superblock device */
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	char			*path;	/* insertion path */
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	unsigned long		ino;	/* associated inode number */
	struct audit_parent	*parent; /* associated parent */
	struct list_head	wlist;	/* entry in parent->watches list */
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	struct list_head	rules;	/* anchor for krule->rlist */
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};

struct audit_parent {
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	struct list_head	ilist;	/* tmp list used to free parents */
	struct list_head	watches; /* anchor for audit_watch->wlist */
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	struct inotify_watch	wdata;	/* inotify watch data */
	unsigned		flags;	/* status flags */
};

/* Inotify handle. */
struct inotify_handle *audit_ih;

/*
 * audit_parent status flags:
 *
 * AUDIT_PARENT_INVALID - set anytime rules/watches are auto-removed due to
 * a filesystem event to ensure we're adding audit watches to a valid parent.
 * Technically not needed for IN_DELETE_SELF or IN_UNMOUNT events, as we cannot
 * receive them while we have nameidata, but must be used for IN_MOVE_SELF which
 * we can receive while holding nameidata.
 */
#define AUDIT_PARENT_INVALID	0x001

/* Inotify events we care about. */
#define AUDIT_IN_WATCH IN_MOVE|IN_CREATE|IN_DELETE|IN_DELETE_SELF|IN_MOVE_SELF

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static void audit_free_parent(struct audit_parent *parent)
{
	WARN_ON(!list_empty(&parent->watches));
	kfree(parent);
}

static void audit_destroy_watch(struct inotify_watch *i_watch)
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{
	struct audit_parent *parent;

	parent = container_of(i_watch, struct audit_parent, wdata);
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	audit_free_parent(parent);
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}

void audit_get_watch(struct audit_watch *watch)
{
	atomic_inc(&watch->count);
}

void audit_put_watch(struct audit_watch *watch)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&watch->count)) {
		WARN_ON(watch->parent);
		WARN_ON(!list_empty(&watch->rules));
		kfree(watch->path);
		kfree(watch);
	}
}

void audit_remove_watch(struct audit_watch *watch)
{
	list_del(&watch->wlist);
	put_inotify_watch(&watch->parent->wdata);
	watch->parent = NULL;
	audit_put_watch(watch); /* match initial get */
}

char *audit_watch_path(struct audit_watch *watch)
{
	return watch->path;
}

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int audit_watch_compare(struct audit_watch *watch, unsigned long ino, dev_t dev)
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{
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	return (watch->ino != (unsigned long)-1) &&
		(watch->ino == ino) &&
		(watch->dev == dev);
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}

/* Initialize a parent watch entry. */
static struct audit_parent *audit_init_parent(struct nameidata *ndp)
{
	struct audit_parent *parent;
	s32 wd;

	parent = kzalloc(sizeof(*parent), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!parent))
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&parent->watches);
	parent->flags = 0;

	inotify_init_watch(&parent->wdata);
	/* grab a ref so inotify watch hangs around until we take audit_filter_mutex */
	get_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata);
	wd = inotify_add_watch(audit_ih, &parent->wdata,
			       ndp->path.dentry->d_inode, AUDIT_IN_WATCH);
	if (wd < 0) {
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		audit_free_parent(parent);
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		return ERR_PTR(wd);
	}

	return parent;
}

/* Initialize a watch entry. */
static struct audit_watch *audit_init_watch(char *path)
{
	struct audit_watch *watch;

	watch = kzalloc(sizeof(*watch), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!watch))
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&watch->rules);
	atomic_set(&watch->count, 1);
	watch->path = path;
	watch->dev = (dev_t)-1;
	watch->ino = (unsigned long)-1;

	return watch;
}

/* Translate a watch string to kernel respresentation. */
int audit_to_watch(struct audit_krule *krule, char *path, int len, u32 op)
{
	struct audit_watch *watch;

	if (!audit_ih)
		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	if (path[0] != '/' || path[len-1] == '/' ||
	    krule->listnr != AUDIT_FILTER_EXIT ||
	    op != Audit_equal ||
	    krule->inode_f || krule->watch || krule->tree)
		return -EINVAL;

	watch = audit_init_watch(path);
	if (IS_ERR(watch))
		return PTR_ERR(watch);

	audit_get_watch(watch);
	krule->watch = watch;

	return 0;
}

/* Duplicate the given audit watch.  The new watch's rules list is initialized
 * to an empty list and wlist is undefined. */
static struct audit_watch *audit_dupe_watch(struct audit_watch *old)
{
	char *path;
	struct audit_watch *new;

	path = kstrdup(old->path, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!path))
		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);

	new = audit_init_watch(path);
	if (IS_ERR(new)) {
		kfree(path);
		goto out;
	}

	new->dev = old->dev;
	new->ino = old->ino;
	get_inotify_watch(&old->parent->wdata);
	new->parent = old->parent;

out:
	return new;
}

static void audit_watch_log_rule_change(struct audit_krule *r, struct audit_watch *w, char *op)
{
	if (audit_enabled) {
		struct audit_buffer *ab;
		ab = audit_log_start(NULL, GFP_NOFS, AUDIT_CONFIG_CHANGE);
		audit_log_format(ab, "auid=%u ses=%u op=",
				 audit_get_loginuid(current),
				 audit_get_sessionid(current));
		audit_log_string(ab, op);
		audit_log_format(ab, " path=");
		audit_log_untrustedstring(ab, w->path);
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		audit_log_key(ab, r->filterkey);
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		audit_log_format(ab, " list=%d res=1", r->listnr);
		audit_log_end(ab);
	}
}

/* Update inode info in audit rules based on filesystem event. */
static void audit_update_watch(struct audit_parent *parent,
			       const char *dname, dev_t dev,
			       unsigned long ino, unsigned invalidating)
{
	struct audit_watch *owatch, *nwatch, *nextw;
	struct audit_krule *r, *nextr;
	struct audit_entry *oentry, *nentry;

	mutex_lock(&audit_filter_mutex);
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	/* Run all of the watches on this parent looking for the one that
	 * matches the given dname */
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	list_for_each_entry_safe(owatch, nextw, &parent->watches, wlist) {
		if (audit_compare_dname_path(dname, owatch->path, NULL))
			continue;

		/* If the update involves invalidating rules, do the inode-based
		 * filtering now, so we don't omit records. */
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		if (invalidating && !audit_dummy_context())
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			audit_filter_inodes(current, current->audit_context);

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		/* updating ino will likely change which audit_hash_list we
		 * are on so we need a new watch for the new list */
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		nwatch = audit_dupe_watch(owatch);
		if (IS_ERR(nwatch)) {
			mutex_unlock(&audit_filter_mutex);
			audit_panic("error updating watch, skipping");
			return;
		}
		nwatch->dev = dev;
		nwatch->ino = ino;

		list_for_each_entry_safe(r, nextr, &owatch->rules, rlist) {

			oentry = container_of(r, struct audit_entry, rule);
			list_del(&oentry->rule.rlist);
			list_del_rcu(&oentry->list);

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			nentry = audit_dupe_rule(&oentry->rule);
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			if (IS_ERR(nentry)) {
				list_del(&oentry->rule.list);
				audit_panic("error updating watch, removing");
			} else {
				int h = audit_hash_ino((u32)ino);
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				/*
				 * nentry->rule.watch == oentry->rule.watch so
				 * we must drop that reference and set it to our
				 * new watch.
				 */
				audit_put_watch(nentry->rule.watch);
				audit_get_watch(nwatch);
				nentry->rule.watch = nwatch;
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				list_add(&nentry->rule.rlist, &nwatch->rules);
				list_add_rcu(&nentry->list, &audit_inode_hash[h]);
				list_replace(&oentry->rule.list,
					     &nentry->rule.list);
			}

			audit_watch_log_rule_change(r, owatch, "updated rules");

			call_rcu(&oentry->rcu, audit_free_rule_rcu);
		}

		audit_remove_watch(owatch);
		goto add_watch_to_parent; /* event applies to a single watch */
	}
	mutex_unlock(&audit_filter_mutex);
	return;

add_watch_to_parent:
	list_add(&nwatch->wlist, &parent->watches);
	mutex_unlock(&audit_filter_mutex);
	return;
}

/* Remove all watches & rules associated with a parent that is going away. */
static void audit_remove_parent_watches(struct audit_parent *parent)
{
	struct audit_watch *w, *nextw;
	struct audit_krule *r, *nextr;
	struct audit_entry *e;

	mutex_lock(&audit_filter_mutex);
	parent->flags |= AUDIT_PARENT_INVALID;
	list_for_each_entry_safe(w, nextw, &parent->watches, wlist) {
		list_for_each_entry_safe(r, nextr, &w->rules, rlist) {
			e = container_of(r, struct audit_entry, rule);
			audit_watch_log_rule_change(r, w, "remove rule");
			list_del(&r->rlist);
			list_del(&r->list);
			list_del_rcu(&e->list);
			call_rcu(&e->rcu, audit_free_rule_rcu);
		}
		audit_remove_watch(w);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&audit_filter_mutex);
}

/* Unregister inotify watches for parents on in_list.
 * Generates an IN_IGNORED event. */
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void audit_watch_inotify_unregister(struct list_head *in_list)
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{
	struct audit_parent *p, *n;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, in_list, ilist) {
		list_del(&p->ilist);
		inotify_rm_watch(audit_ih, &p->wdata);
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		/* the unpin matching the pin in audit_remove_watch_rule() */
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		unpin_inotify_watch(&p->wdata);
	}
}

/* Get path information necessary for adding watches. */
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static int audit_get_nd(char *path, struct nameidata **ndp, struct nameidata **ndw)
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{
	struct nameidata *ndparent, *ndwatch;
	int err;

	ndparent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ndparent), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!ndparent))
		return -ENOMEM;

	ndwatch = kmalloc(sizeof(*ndwatch), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (unlikely(!ndwatch)) {
		kfree(ndparent);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	err = path_lookup(path, LOOKUP_PARENT, ndparent);
	if (err) {
		kfree(ndparent);
		kfree(ndwatch);
		return err;
	}

	err = path_lookup(path, 0, ndwatch);
	if (err) {
		kfree(ndwatch);
		ndwatch = NULL;
	}

	*ndp = ndparent;
	*ndw = ndwatch;

	return 0;
}

/* Release resources used for watch path information. */
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static void audit_put_nd(struct nameidata *ndp, struct nameidata *ndw)
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{
	if (ndp) {
		path_put(&ndp->path);
		kfree(ndp);
	}
	if (ndw) {
		path_put(&ndw->path);
		kfree(ndw);
	}
}

/* Associate the given rule with an existing parent inotify_watch.
 * Caller must hold audit_filter_mutex. */
static void audit_add_to_parent(struct audit_krule *krule,
				struct audit_parent *parent)
{
	struct audit_watch *w, *watch = krule->watch;
	int watch_found = 0;

	list_for_each_entry(w, &parent->watches, wlist) {
		if (strcmp(watch->path, w->path))
			continue;

		watch_found = 1;

		/* put krule's and initial refs to temporary watch */
		audit_put_watch(watch);
		audit_put_watch(watch);

		audit_get_watch(w);
		krule->watch = watch = w;
		break;
	}

	if (!watch_found) {
		get_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata);
		watch->parent = parent;

		list_add(&watch->wlist, &parent->watches);
	}
	list_add(&krule->rlist, &watch->rules);
}

/* Find a matching watch entry, or add this one.
 * Caller must hold audit_filter_mutex. */
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int audit_add_watch(struct audit_krule *krule, struct list_head **list)
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{
	struct audit_watch *watch = krule->watch;
	struct inotify_watch *i_watch;
	struct audit_parent *parent;
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	struct nameidata *ndp = NULL, *ndw = NULL;
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	int h, ret = 0;
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	mutex_unlock(&audit_filter_mutex);

	/* Avoid calling path_lookup under audit_filter_mutex. */
	ret = audit_get_nd(watch->path, &ndp, &ndw);
	if (ret) {
		/* caller expects mutex locked */
		mutex_lock(&audit_filter_mutex);
		goto error;
	}

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	/* update watch filter fields */
	if (ndw) {
		watch->dev = ndw->path.dentry->d_inode->i_sb->s_dev;
		watch->ino = ndw->path.dentry->d_inode->i_ino;
	}

	/* The audit_filter_mutex must not be held during inotify calls because
	 * we hold it during inotify event callback processing.  If an existing
	 * inotify watch is found, inotify_find_watch() grabs a reference before
	 * returning.
	 */
	if (inotify_find_watch(audit_ih, ndp->path.dentry->d_inode,
			       &i_watch) < 0) {
		parent = audit_init_parent(ndp);
		if (IS_ERR(parent)) {
			/* caller expects mutex locked */
			mutex_lock(&audit_filter_mutex);
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			ret = PTR_ERR(parent);
			goto error;
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		}
	} else
		parent = container_of(i_watch, struct audit_parent, wdata);

	mutex_lock(&audit_filter_mutex);

	/* parent was moved before we took audit_filter_mutex */
	if (parent->flags & AUDIT_PARENT_INVALID)
		ret = -ENOENT;
	else
		audit_add_to_parent(krule, parent);

	/* match get in audit_init_parent or inotify_find_watch */
	put_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata);
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	h = audit_hash_ino((u32)watch->ino);
	*list = &audit_inode_hash[h];
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error:
	audit_put_nd(ndp, ndw);		/* NULL args OK */
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	return ret;
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}

void audit_remove_watch_rule(struct audit_krule *krule, struct list_head *list)
{
	struct audit_watch *watch = krule->watch;
	struct audit_parent *parent = watch->parent;

	list_del(&krule->rlist);

	if (list_empty(&watch->rules)) {
		audit_remove_watch(watch);

		if (list_empty(&parent->watches)) {
			/* Put parent on the inotify un-registration
			 * list.  Grab a reference before releasing
			 * audit_filter_mutex, to be released in
			 * audit_inotify_unregister().
			 * If filesystem is going away, just leave
			 * the sucker alone, eviction will take
			 * care of it. */
			if (pin_inotify_watch(&parent->wdata))
				list_add(&parent->ilist, list);
		}
	}
}

/* Update watch data in audit rules based on inotify events. */
static void audit_handle_ievent(struct inotify_watch *i_watch, u32 wd, u32 mask,
			 u32 cookie, const char *dname, struct inode *inode)
{
	struct audit_parent *parent;

	parent = container_of(i_watch, struct audit_parent, wdata);

	if (mask & (IN_CREATE|IN_MOVED_TO) && inode)
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		audit_update_watch(parent, dname, inode->i_sb->s_dev, inode->i_ino, 0);
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	else if (mask & (IN_DELETE|IN_MOVED_FROM))
		audit_update_watch(parent, dname, (dev_t)-1, (unsigned long)-1, 1);
	/* inotify automatically removes the watch and sends IN_IGNORED */
	else if (mask & (IN_DELETE_SELF|IN_UNMOUNT))
		audit_remove_parent_watches(parent);
	/* inotify does not remove the watch, so remove it manually */
	else if(mask & IN_MOVE_SELF) {
		audit_remove_parent_watches(parent);
		inotify_remove_watch_locked(audit_ih, i_watch);
	} else if (mask & IN_IGNORED)
		put_inotify_watch(i_watch);
}

static const struct inotify_operations audit_inotify_ops = {
	.handle_event   = audit_handle_ievent,
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	.destroy_watch  = audit_destroy_watch,
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};

static int __init audit_watch_init(void)
{
	audit_ih = inotify_init(&audit_inotify_ops);
	if (IS_ERR(audit_ih))
		audit_panic("cannot initialize inotify handle");
	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(audit_watch_init);