swiotlb.c 27.7 KB
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/*
 * Dynamic DMA mapping support.
 *
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 * This implementation is a fallback for platforms that do not support
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 * I/O TLBs (aka DMA address translation hardware).
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Asit Mallick <Asit.K.Mallick@intel.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2000 Goutham Rao <goutham.rao@intel.com>
 * Copyright (C) 2000, 2003 Hewlett-Packard Co
 *	David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
 *
 * 03/05/07 davidm	Switch from PCI-DMA to generic device DMA API.
 * 00/12/13 davidm	Rename to swiotlb.c and add mark_clean() to avoid
 *			unnecessary i-cache flushing.
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 * 04/07/.. ak		Better overflow handling. Assorted fixes.
 * 05/09/10 linville	Add support for syncing ranges, support syncing for
 *			DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL mappings, miscellaneous cleanup.
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 * 08/12/11 beckyb	Add highmem support
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 */

#include <linux/cache.h>
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#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
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#include <linux/mm.h>
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#include <linux/export.h>
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#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
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#include <linux/swiotlb.h>
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#include <linux/pfn.h>
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#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
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#include <linux/highmem.h>
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#include <linux/gfp.h>
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#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
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#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/dma.h>

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
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#include <linux/iommu-helper.h>
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#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
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#include <trace/events/swiotlb.h>

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#define OFFSET(val,align) ((unsigned long)	\
	                   ( (val) & ( (align) - 1)))

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#define SLABS_PER_PAGE (1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - IO_TLB_SHIFT))

/*
 * Minimum IO TLB size to bother booting with.  Systems with mainly
 * 64bit capable cards will only lightly use the swiotlb.  If we can't
 * allocate a contiguous 1MB, we're probably in trouble anyway.
 */
#define IO_TLB_MIN_SLABS ((1<<20) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT)

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enum swiotlb_force swiotlb_force;
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/*
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 * Used to do a quick range check in swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single and
 * swiotlb_tbl_sync_single_*, to see if the memory was in fact allocated by this
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 * API.
 */
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static phys_addr_t io_tlb_start, io_tlb_end;
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/*
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 * The number of IO TLB blocks (in groups of 64) between io_tlb_start and
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 * io_tlb_end.  This is command line adjustable via setup_io_tlb_npages.
 */
static unsigned long io_tlb_nslabs;

/*
 * When the IOMMU overflows we return a fallback buffer. This sets the size.
 */
static unsigned long io_tlb_overflow = 32*1024;

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static phys_addr_t io_tlb_overflow_buffer;
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/*
 * This is a free list describing the number of free entries available from
 * each index
 */
static unsigned int *io_tlb_list;
static unsigned int io_tlb_index;

/*
 * We need to save away the original address corresponding to a mapped entry
 * for the sync operations.
 */
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#define INVALID_PHYS_ADDR (~(phys_addr_t)0)
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static phys_addr_t *io_tlb_orig_addr;
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/*
 * Protect the above data structures in the map and unmap calls
 */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(io_tlb_lock);

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static int late_alloc;

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static int __init
setup_io_tlb_npages(char *str)
{
	if (isdigit(*str)) {
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		io_tlb_nslabs = simple_strtoul(str, &str, 0);
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		/* avoid tail segment of size < IO_TLB_SEGSIZE */
		io_tlb_nslabs = ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
	}
	if (*str == ',')
		++str;
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	if (!strcmp(str, "force")) {
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		swiotlb_force = SWIOTLB_FORCE;
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	} else if (!strcmp(str, "noforce")) {
		swiotlb_force = SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE;
		io_tlb_nslabs = 1;
	}
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	return 0;
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}
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early_param("swiotlb", setup_io_tlb_npages);
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/* make io_tlb_overflow tunable too? */

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unsigned long swiotlb_nr_tbl(void)
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{
	return io_tlb_nslabs;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_nr_tbl);
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/* default to 64MB */
#define IO_TLB_DEFAULT_SIZE (64UL<<20)
unsigned long swiotlb_size_or_default(void)
{
	unsigned long size;

	size = io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;

	return size ? size : (IO_TLB_DEFAULT_SIZE);
}

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/* Note that this doesn't work with highmem page */
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static dma_addr_t swiotlb_virt_to_bus(struct device *hwdev,
				      volatile void *address)
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{
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	return phys_to_dma(hwdev, virt_to_phys(address));
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}

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static bool no_iotlb_memory;

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void swiotlb_print_info(void)
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{
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	unsigned long bytes = io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	unsigned char *vstart, *vend;
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	if (no_iotlb_memory) {
		pr_warn("software IO TLB: No low mem\n");
		return;
	}

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	vstart = phys_to_virt(io_tlb_start);
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	vend = phys_to_virt(io_tlb_end);
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	printk(KERN_INFO "software IO TLB [mem %#010llx-%#010llx] (%luMB) mapped at [%p-%p]\n",
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	       (unsigned long long)io_tlb_start,
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	       (unsigned long long)io_tlb_end,
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	       bytes >> 20, vstart, vend - 1);
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}

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int __init swiotlb_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs, int verbose)
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{
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	void *v_overflow_buffer;
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	unsigned long i, bytes;
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	bytes = nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	io_tlb_nslabs = nslabs;
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	io_tlb_start = __pa(tlb);
	io_tlb_end = io_tlb_start + bytes;
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	/*
	 * Get the overflow emergency buffer
	 */
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	v_overflow_buffer = memblock_virt_alloc_low_nopanic(
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						PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_overflow),
						PAGE_SIZE);
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	if (!v_overflow_buffer)
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		return -ENOMEM;
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	io_tlb_overflow_buffer = __pa(v_overflow_buffer);

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	/*
	 * Allocate and initialize the free list array.  This array is used
	 * to find contiguous free memory regions of size up to IO_TLB_SEGSIZE
	 * between io_tlb_start and io_tlb_end.
	 */
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	io_tlb_list = memblock_virt_alloc(
				PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(int)),
				PAGE_SIZE);
	io_tlb_orig_addr = memblock_virt_alloc(
				PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(phys_addr_t)),
				PAGE_SIZE);
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	for (i = 0; i < io_tlb_nslabs; i++) {
		io_tlb_list[i] = IO_TLB_SEGSIZE - OFFSET(i, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
		io_tlb_orig_addr[i] = INVALID_PHYS_ADDR;
	}
	io_tlb_index = 0;
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	if (verbose)
		swiotlb_print_info();
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	return 0;
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}

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/*
 * Statically reserve bounce buffer space and initialize bounce buffer data
 * structures for the software IO TLB used to implement the DMA API.
 */
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void  __init
swiotlb_init(int verbose)
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{
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	size_t default_size = IO_TLB_DEFAULT_SIZE;
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	unsigned char *vstart;
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	unsigned long bytes;

	if (!io_tlb_nslabs) {
		io_tlb_nslabs = (default_size >> IO_TLB_SHIFT);
		io_tlb_nslabs = ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
	}

	bytes = io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;

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	/* Get IO TLB memory from the low pages */
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	vstart = memblock_virt_alloc_low_nopanic(PAGE_ALIGN(bytes), PAGE_SIZE);
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	if (vstart && !swiotlb_init_with_tbl(vstart, io_tlb_nslabs, verbose))
		return;
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	if (io_tlb_start)
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		memblock_free_early(io_tlb_start,
				    PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT));
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	pr_warn("Cannot allocate SWIOTLB buffer");
	no_iotlb_memory = true;
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}

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/*
 * Systems with larger DMA zones (those that don't support ISA) can
 * initialize the swiotlb later using the slab allocator if needed.
 * This should be just like above, but with some error catching.
 */
int
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swiotlb_late_init_with_default_size(size_t default_size)
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{
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	unsigned long bytes, req_nslabs = io_tlb_nslabs;
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	unsigned char *vstart = NULL;
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	unsigned int order;
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	int rc = 0;
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	if (!io_tlb_nslabs) {
		io_tlb_nslabs = (default_size >> IO_TLB_SHIFT);
		io_tlb_nslabs = ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
	}

	/*
	 * Get IO TLB memory from the low pages
	 */
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	order = get_order(io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT);
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	io_tlb_nslabs = SLABS_PER_PAGE << order;
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	bytes = io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	while ((SLABS_PER_PAGE << order) > IO_TLB_MIN_SLABS) {
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		vstart = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_DMA | __GFP_NOWARN,
						  order);
		if (vstart)
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			break;
		order--;
	}

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	if (!vstart) {
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		io_tlb_nslabs = req_nslabs;
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
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	if (order != get_order(bytes)) {
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		printk(KERN_WARNING "Warning: only able to allocate %ld MB "
		       "for software IO TLB\n", (PAGE_SIZE << order) >> 20);
		io_tlb_nslabs = SLABS_PER_PAGE << order;
	}
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	rc = swiotlb_late_init_with_tbl(vstart, io_tlb_nslabs);
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	if (rc)
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		free_pages((unsigned long)vstart, order);
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	return rc;
}

int
swiotlb_late_init_with_tbl(char *tlb, unsigned long nslabs)
{
	unsigned long i, bytes;
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	unsigned char *v_overflow_buffer;
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	bytes = nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT;

	io_tlb_nslabs = nslabs;
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	io_tlb_start = virt_to_phys(tlb);
	io_tlb_end = io_tlb_start + bytes;
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	memset(tlb, 0, bytes);
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	/*
	 * Get the overflow emergency buffer
	 */
	v_overflow_buffer = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_DMA,
						     get_order(io_tlb_overflow));
	if (!v_overflow_buffer)
		goto cleanup2;

	io_tlb_overflow_buffer = virt_to_phys(v_overflow_buffer);

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	/*
	 * Allocate and initialize the free list array.  This array is used
	 * to find contiguous free memory regions of size up to IO_TLB_SEGSIZE
	 * between io_tlb_start and io_tlb_end.
	 */
	io_tlb_list = (unsigned int *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL,
	                              get_order(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(int)));
	if (!io_tlb_list)
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		goto cleanup3;
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	io_tlb_orig_addr = (phys_addr_t *)
		__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL,
				 get_order(io_tlb_nslabs *
					   sizeof(phys_addr_t)));
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	if (!io_tlb_orig_addr)
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		goto cleanup4;
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	for (i = 0; i < io_tlb_nslabs; i++) {
		io_tlb_list[i] = IO_TLB_SEGSIZE - OFFSET(i, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE);
		io_tlb_orig_addr[i] = INVALID_PHYS_ADDR;
	}
	io_tlb_index = 0;
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	swiotlb_print_info();
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	late_alloc = 1;

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	return 0;

cleanup4:
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	free_pages((unsigned long)io_tlb_list, get_order(io_tlb_nslabs *
	                                                 sizeof(int)));
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	io_tlb_list = NULL;
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cleanup3:
	free_pages((unsigned long)v_overflow_buffer,
		   get_order(io_tlb_overflow));
	io_tlb_overflow_buffer = 0;
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cleanup2:
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	io_tlb_end = 0;
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	io_tlb_start = 0;
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	io_tlb_nslabs = 0;
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	return -ENOMEM;
}

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void __init swiotlb_free(void)
{
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	if (!io_tlb_orig_addr)
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		return;

	if (late_alloc) {
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		free_pages((unsigned long)phys_to_virt(io_tlb_overflow_buffer),
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			   get_order(io_tlb_overflow));
		free_pages((unsigned long)io_tlb_orig_addr,
			   get_order(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(phys_addr_t)));
		free_pages((unsigned long)io_tlb_list, get_order(io_tlb_nslabs *
								 sizeof(int)));
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		free_pages((unsigned long)phys_to_virt(io_tlb_start),
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			   get_order(io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT));
	} else {
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		memblock_free_late(io_tlb_overflow_buffer,
				   PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_overflow));
		memblock_free_late(__pa(io_tlb_orig_addr),
				   PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(phys_addr_t)));
		memblock_free_late(__pa(io_tlb_list),
				   PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs * sizeof(int)));
		memblock_free_late(io_tlb_start,
				   PAGE_ALIGN(io_tlb_nslabs << IO_TLB_SHIFT));
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	}
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	io_tlb_nslabs = 0;
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}

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int is_swiotlb_buffer(phys_addr_t paddr)
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{
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	return paddr >= io_tlb_start && paddr < io_tlb_end;
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}

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/*
 * Bounce: copy the swiotlb buffer back to the original dma location
 */
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static void swiotlb_bounce(phys_addr_t orig_addr, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
			   size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	unsigned long pfn = PFN_DOWN(orig_addr);
	unsigned char *vaddr = phys_to_virt(tlb_addr);
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	if (PageHighMem(pfn_to_page(pfn))) {
		/* The buffer does not have a mapping.  Map it in and copy */
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		unsigned int offset = orig_addr & ~PAGE_MASK;
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		char *buffer;
		unsigned int sz = 0;
		unsigned long flags;

		while (size) {
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			sz = min_t(size_t, PAGE_SIZE - offset, size);
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			local_irq_save(flags);
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			buffer = kmap_atomic(pfn_to_page(pfn));
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			if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE)
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				memcpy(vaddr, buffer + offset, sz);
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			else
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				memcpy(buffer + offset, vaddr, sz);
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			kunmap_atomic(buffer);
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			local_irq_restore(flags);
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			size -= sz;
			pfn++;
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			vaddr += sz;
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			offset = 0;
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		}
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	} else if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
		memcpy(vaddr, phys_to_virt(orig_addr), size);
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	} else {
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		memcpy(phys_to_virt(orig_addr), vaddr, size);
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	}
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}

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phys_addr_t swiotlb_tbl_map_single(struct device *hwdev,
				   dma_addr_t tbl_dma_addr,
				   phys_addr_t orig_addr, size_t size,
				   enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
	unsigned long flags;
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	phys_addr_t tlb_addr;
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	unsigned int nslots, stride, index, wrap;
	int i;
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	unsigned long mask;
	unsigned long offset_slots;
	unsigned long max_slots;

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	if (no_iotlb_memory)
		panic("Can not allocate SWIOTLB buffer earlier and can't now provide you with the DMA bounce buffer");

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	mask = dma_get_seg_boundary(hwdev);

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	tbl_dma_addr &= mask;

	offset_slots = ALIGN(tbl_dma_addr, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	/*
 	 * Carefully handle integer overflow which can occur when mask == ~0UL.
 	 */
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	max_slots = mask + 1
		    ? ALIGN(mask + 1, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT
		    : 1UL << (BITS_PER_LONG - IO_TLB_SHIFT);
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	/*
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	 * For mappings greater than or equal to a page, we limit the stride
	 * (and hence alignment) to a page size.
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	 */
	nslots = ALIGN(size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	if (size >= PAGE_SIZE)
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		stride = (1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - IO_TLB_SHIFT));
	else
		stride = 1;

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	BUG_ON(!nslots);
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	/*
	 * Find suitable number of IO TLB entries size that will fit this
	 * request and allocate a buffer from that IO TLB pool.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
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	index = ALIGN(io_tlb_index, stride);
	if (index >= io_tlb_nslabs)
		index = 0;
	wrap = index;

	do {
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		while (iommu_is_span_boundary(index, nslots, offset_slots,
					      max_slots)) {
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			index += stride;
			if (index >= io_tlb_nslabs)
				index = 0;
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			if (index == wrap)
				goto not_found;
		}

		/*
		 * If we find a slot that indicates we have 'nslots' number of
		 * contiguous buffers, we allocate the buffers from that slot
		 * and mark the entries as '0' indicating unavailable.
		 */
		if (io_tlb_list[index] >= nslots) {
			int count = 0;

			for (i = index; i < (int) (index + nslots); i++)
				io_tlb_list[i] = 0;
			for (i = index - 1; (OFFSET(i, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE) != IO_TLB_SEGSIZE - 1) && io_tlb_list[i]; i--)
				io_tlb_list[i] = ++count;
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			tlb_addr = io_tlb_start + (index << IO_TLB_SHIFT);
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			/*
			 * Update the indices to avoid searching in the next
			 * round.
			 */
			io_tlb_index = ((index + nslots) < io_tlb_nslabs
					? (index + nslots) : 0);

			goto found;
		}
		index += stride;
		if (index >= io_tlb_nslabs)
			index = 0;
	} while (index != wrap);

not_found:
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
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	if (printk_ratelimit())
		dev_warn(hwdev, "swiotlb buffer is full (sz: %zd bytes)\n", size);
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	return SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR;
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found:
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	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * Save away the mapping from the original address to the DMA address.
	 * This is needed when we sync the memory.  Then we sync the buffer if
	 * needed.
	 */
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	for (i = 0; i < nslots; i++)
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		io_tlb_orig_addr[index+i] = orig_addr + (i << IO_TLB_SHIFT);
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	if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)
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		swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, size, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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	return tlb_addr;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_tbl_map_single);
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/*
 * Allocates bounce buffer and returns its kernel virtual address.
 */

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static phys_addr_t
map_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t phys, size_t size,
	   enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	dma_addr_t start_dma_addr;

	if (swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE) {
		dev_warn_ratelimited(hwdev, "Cannot do DMA to address %pa\n",
				     &phys);
		return SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR;
	}
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	start_dma_addr = phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_start);
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	return swiotlb_tbl_map_single(hwdev, start_dma_addr, phys, size, dir);
}

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/*
 * dma_addr is the kernel virtual address of the bounce buffer to unmap.
 */
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void swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
			      size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
	unsigned long flags;
	int i, count, nslots = ALIGN(size, 1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
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	int index = (tlb_addr - io_tlb_start) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
	phys_addr_t orig_addr = io_tlb_orig_addr[index];
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	/*
	 * First, sync the memory before unmapping the entry
	 */
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	if (orig_addr != INVALID_PHYS_ADDR &&
	    ((dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) || (dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)))
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		swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr, size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
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	/*
	 * Return the buffer to the free list by setting the corresponding
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	 * entries to indicate the number of contiguous entries available.
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	 * While returning the entries to the free list, we merge the entries
	 * with slots below and above the pool being returned.
	 */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
	{
		count = ((index + nslots) < ALIGN(index + 1, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE) ?
			 io_tlb_list[index + nslots] : 0);
		/*
		 * Step 1: return the slots to the free list, merging the
		 * slots with superceeding slots
		 */
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		for (i = index + nslots - 1; i >= index; i--) {
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			io_tlb_list[i] = ++count;
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			io_tlb_orig_addr[i] = INVALID_PHYS_ADDR;
		}
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		/*
		 * Step 2: merge the returned slots with the preceding slots,
		 * if available (non zero)
		 */
		for (i = index - 1; (OFFSET(i, IO_TLB_SEGSIZE) != IO_TLB_SEGSIZE -1) && io_tlb_list[i]; i--)
			io_tlb_list[i] = ++count;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&io_tlb_lock, flags);
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single);
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void swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(struct device *hwdev, phys_addr_t tlb_addr,
			     size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
			     enum dma_sync_target target)
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{
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	int index = (tlb_addr - io_tlb_start) >> IO_TLB_SHIFT;
	phys_addr_t orig_addr = io_tlb_orig_addr[index];
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	if (orig_addr == INVALID_PHYS_ADDR)
		return;
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	orig_addr += (unsigned long)tlb_addr & ((1 << IO_TLB_SHIFT) - 1);
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	switch (target) {
	case SYNC_FOR_CPU:
		if (likely(dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
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			swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr,
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				       size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
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		else
			BUG_ON(dir != DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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		break;
	case SYNC_FOR_DEVICE:
		if (likely(dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE || dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL))
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			swiotlb_bounce(orig_addr, tlb_addr,
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				       size, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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		else
			BUG_ON(dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
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		break;
	default:
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		BUG();
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	}
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_tbl_sync_single);
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void *
swiotlb_alloc_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size,
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		       dma_addr_t *dma_handle, gfp_t flags)
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{
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	dma_addr_t dev_addr;
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	void *ret;
	int order = get_order(size);
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	u64 dma_mask = DMA_BIT_MASK(32);
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	if (hwdev && hwdev->coherent_dma_mask)
		dma_mask = hwdev->coherent_dma_mask;
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	ret = (void *)__get_free_pages(flags, order);
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	if (ret) {
		dev_addr = swiotlb_virt_to_bus(hwdev, ret);
		if (dev_addr + size - 1 > dma_mask) {
			/*
			 * The allocated memory isn't reachable by the device.
			 */
			free_pages((unsigned long) ret, order);
			ret = NULL;
		}
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	}
	if (!ret) {
		/*
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		 * We are either out of memory or the device can't DMA to
		 * GFP_DMA memory; fall back on map_single(), which
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		 * will grab memory from the lowest available address range.
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		 */
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		phys_addr_t paddr = map_single(hwdev, 0, size, DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
		if (paddr == SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR)
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			goto err_warn;
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		ret = phys_to_virt(paddr);
		dev_addr = phys_to_dma(hwdev, paddr);
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		/* Confirm address can be DMA'd by device */
		if (dev_addr + size - 1 > dma_mask) {
			printk("hwdev DMA mask = 0x%016Lx, dev_addr = 0x%016Lx\n",
			       (unsigned long long)dma_mask,
			       (unsigned long long)dev_addr);
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			/* DMA_TO_DEVICE to avoid memcpy in unmap_single */
			swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, paddr,
						 size, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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			goto err_warn;
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		}
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	}
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	*dma_handle = dev_addr;
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	memset(ret, 0, size);

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	return ret;
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err_warn:
	pr_warn("swiotlb: coherent allocation failed for device %s size=%zu\n",
		dev_name(hwdev), size);
	dump_stack();

	return NULL;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_alloc_coherent);
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void
swiotlb_free_coherent(struct device *hwdev, size_t size, void *vaddr,
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		      dma_addr_t dev_addr)
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{
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	phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(hwdev, dev_addr);
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	WARN_ON(irqs_disabled());
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	if (!is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr))
		free_pages((unsigned long)vaddr, get_order(size));
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	else
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		/* DMA_TO_DEVICE to avoid memcpy in swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single */
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		swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, paddr, size, DMA_TO_DEVICE);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_free_coherent);
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static void
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swiotlb_full(struct device *dev, size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
	     int do_panic)
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{
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	if (swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_NO_FORCE)
		return;

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	/*
	 * Ran out of IOMMU space for this operation. This is very bad.
	 * Unfortunately the drivers cannot handle this operation properly.
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	 * unless they check for dma_mapping_error (most don't)
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	 * When the mapping is small enough return a static buffer to limit
	 * the damage, or panic when the transfer is too big.
	 */
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	printk(KERN_ERR "DMA: Out of SW-IOMMU space for %zu bytes at "
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	       "device %s\n", size, dev ? dev_name(dev) : "?");
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	if (size <= io_tlb_overflow || !do_panic)
		return;

	if (dir == DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL)
		panic("DMA: Random memory could be DMA accessed\n");
	if (dir == DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
		panic("DMA: Random memory could be DMA written\n");
	if (dir == DMA_TO_DEVICE)
		panic("DMA: Random memory could be DMA read\n");
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}

/*
 * Map a single buffer of the indicated size for DMA in streaming mode.  The
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 * physical address to use is returned.
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 *
 * Once the device is given the dma address, the device owns this memory until
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 * either swiotlb_unmap_page or swiotlb_dma_sync_single is performed.
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 */
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dma_addr_t swiotlb_map_page(struct device *dev, struct page *page,
			    unsigned long offset, size_t size,
			    enum dma_data_direction dir,
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			    unsigned long attrs)
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{
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	phys_addr_t map, phys = page_to_phys(page) + offset;
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	dma_addr_t dev_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, phys);
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	BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
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	/*
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	 * If the address happens to be in the device's DMA window,
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	 * we can safely return the device addr and not worry about bounce
	 * buffering it.
	 */
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	if (dma_capable(dev, dev_addr, size) && swiotlb_force != SWIOTLB_FORCE)
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		return dev_addr;

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	trace_swiotlb_bounced(dev, dev_addr, size, swiotlb_force);

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	/* Oh well, have to allocate and map a bounce buffer. */
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	map = map_single(dev, phys, size, dir);
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	if (map == SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR) {
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		swiotlb_full(dev, size, dir, 1);
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		return phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
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	}

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	dev_addr = phys_to_dma(dev, map);
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	/* Ensure that the address returned is DMA'ble */
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	if (!dma_capable(dev, dev_addr, size)) {
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		swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(dev, map, size, dir);
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		return phys_to_dma(dev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer);
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	}
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	return dev_addr;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_map_page);
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/*
 * Unmap a single streaming mode DMA translation.  The dma_addr and size must
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 * match what was provided for in a previous swiotlb_map_page call.  All
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 * other usages are undefined.
 *
 * After this call, reads by the cpu to the buffer are guaranteed to see
 * whatever the device wrote there.
 */
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static void unmap_single(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
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			 size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(hwdev, dev_addr);
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	BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
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	if (is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr)) {
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		swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single(hwdev, paddr, size, dir);
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		return;
	}

	if (dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
		return;

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	/*
	 * phys_to_virt doesn't work with hihgmem page but we could
	 * call dma_mark_clean() with hihgmem page here. However, we
	 * are fine since dma_mark_clean() is null on POWERPC. We can
	 * make dma_mark_clean() take a physical address if necessary.
	 */
	dma_mark_clean(phys_to_virt(paddr), size);
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}

void swiotlb_unmap_page(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
			size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
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			unsigned long attrs)
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{
	unmap_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(swiotlb_unmap_page);
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/*
 * Make physical memory consistent for a single streaming mode DMA translation
 * after a transfer.
 *
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 * If you perform a swiotlb_map_page() but wish to interrogate the buffer
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 * using the cpu, yet do not wish to teardown the dma mapping, you must
 * call this function before doing so.  At the next point you give the dma
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 * address back to the card, you must first perform a
 * swiotlb_dma_sync_for_device, and then the device again owns the buffer
 */
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static void
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swiotlb_sync_single(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
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		    size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir,
		    enum dma_sync_target target)
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{
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	phys_addr_t paddr = dma_to_phys(hwdev, dev_addr);
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	BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
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	if (is_swiotlb_buffer(paddr)) {
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		swiotlb_tbl_sync_single(hwdev, paddr, size, dir, target);
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		return;
	}

	if (dir != DMA_FROM_DEVICE)
		return;

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	dma_mark_clean(phys_to_virt(paddr), size);
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}

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void
swiotlb_sync_single_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
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			    size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_sync_single_for_cpu);
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void
swiotlb_sync_single_for_device(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dev_addr,
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			       size_t size, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, dev_addr, size, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_sync_single_for_device);
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/*
 * Map a set of buffers described by scatterlist in streaming mode for DMA.
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 * This is the scatter-gather version of the above swiotlb_map_page
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 * interface.  Here the scatter gather list elements are each tagged with the
 * appropriate dma address and length.  They are obtained via
 * sg_dma_{address,length}(SG).
 *
 * NOTE: An implementation may be able to use a smaller number of
 *       DMA address/length pairs than there are SG table elements.
 *       (for example via virtual mapping capabilities)
 *       The routine returns the number of addr/length pairs actually
 *       used, at most nents.
 *
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 * Device ownership issues as mentioned above for swiotlb_map_page are the
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 * same here.
 */
int
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swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
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		     enum dma_data_direction dir, unsigned long attrs)
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{
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	struct scatterlist *sg;
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	int i;

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	BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
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	for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i) {
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		phys_addr_t paddr = sg_phys(sg);
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		dma_addr_t dev_addr = phys_to_dma(hwdev, paddr);
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		if (swiotlb_force == SWIOTLB_FORCE ||
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		    !dma_capable(hwdev, dev_addr, sg->length)) {
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			phys_addr_t map = map_single(hwdev, sg_phys(sg),
						     sg->length, dir);
			if (map == SWIOTLB_MAP_ERROR) {
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				/* Don't panic here, we expect map_sg users
				   to do proper error handling. */
				swiotlb_full(hwdev, sg->length, dir, 0);
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				swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, i, dir,
						       attrs);
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				sg_dma_len(sgl) = 0;
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				return 0;
			}
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			sg->dma_address = phys_to_dma(hwdev, map);
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		} else
			sg->dma_address = dev_addr;
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		sg_dma_len(sg) = sg->length;
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	}
	return nelems;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_map_sg_attrs);

int
swiotlb_map_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
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	       enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	return swiotlb_map_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, nelems, dir, 0);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_map_sg);
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/*
 * Unmap a set of streaming mode DMA translations.  Again, cpu read rules
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 * concerning calls here are the same as for swiotlb_unmap_page() above.
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 */
void
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swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
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		       int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
		       unsigned long attrs)
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{
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	struct scatterlist *sg;
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	int i;

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	BUG_ON(dir == DMA_NONE);
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	for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i)
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		unmap_single(hwdev, sg->dma_address, sg_dma_len(sg), dir);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs);

void
swiotlb_unmap_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl, int nelems,
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		 enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	return swiotlb_unmap_sg_attrs(hwdev, sgl, nelems, dir, 0);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_unmap_sg);
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/*
 * Make physical memory consistent for a set of streaming mode DMA translations
 * after a transfer.
 *
 * The same as swiotlb_sync_single_* but for a scatter-gather list, same rules
 * and usage.
 */
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static void
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swiotlb_sync_sg(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sgl,
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		int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir,
		enum dma_sync_target target)
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{
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	struct scatterlist *sg;
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	int i;

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	for_each_sg(sgl, sg, nelems, i)
		swiotlb_sync_single(hwdev, sg->dma_address,
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				    sg_dma_len(sg), dir, target);
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}

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void
swiotlb_sync_sg_for_cpu(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
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			int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
987
	swiotlb_sync_sg(hwdev, sg, nelems, dir, SYNC_FOR_CPU);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_sync_sg_for_cpu);
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void
swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device(struct device *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
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			   int nelems, enum dma_data_direction dir)
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{
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	swiotlb_sync_sg(hwdev, sg, nelems, dir, SYNC_FOR_DEVICE);
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_sync_sg_for_device);
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int
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swiotlb_dma_mapping_error(struct device *hwdev, dma_addr_t dma_addr)
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{
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	return (dma_addr == phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_overflow_buffer));
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_dma_mapping_error);
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/*
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 * Return whether the given device DMA address mask can be supported
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 * properly.  For example, if your device can only drive the low 24-bits
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 * during bus mastering, then you would pass 0x00ffffff as the mask to
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 * this function.
 */
int
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swiotlb_dma_supported(struct device *hwdev, u64 mask)
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{
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	return phys_to_dma(hwdev, io_tlb_end - 1) <= mask;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(swiotlb_dma_supported);