open.c 27.8 KB
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/*
 *  linux/fs/open.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 */

#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
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#include <linux/fdtable.h>
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#include <linux/fsnotify.h>
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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
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#include <linux/capability.h>
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#include <linux/securebits.h>
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#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
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#include <linux/fcntl.h>
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#include <linux/slab.h>
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#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
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#include <linux/personality.h>
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#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
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#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
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#include <linux/audit.h>
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#include <linux/falloc.h>
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#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
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#include <linux/ima.h>
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#include <linux/dnotify.h>
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#include <linux/compat.h>
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#include "internal.h"

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int do_truncate(struct dentry *dentry, loff_t length, unsigned int time_attrs,
	struct file *filp)
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{
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	int ret;
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	struct iattr newattrs;

	/* Not pretty: "inode->i_size" shouldn't really be signed. But it is. */
	if (length < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	newattrs.ia_size = length;
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	newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_SIZE | time_attrs;
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	if (filp) {
		newattrs.ia_file = filp;
		newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_FILE;
	}
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	/* Remove suid, sgid, and file capabilities on truncate too */
	ret = dentry_needs_remove_privs(dentry);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;
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	if (ret)
		newattrs.ia_valid |= ret | ATTR_FORCE;
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	inode_lock(dentry->d_inode);
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	/* Note any delegations or leases have already been broken: */
	ret = notify_change(dentry, &newattrs, NULL);
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	inode_unlock(dentry->d_inode);
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	return ret;
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}

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long vfs_truncate(const struct path *path, loff_t length)
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{
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	struct inode *inode;
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	struct dentry *upperdentry;
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	long error;
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	inode = path->dentry->d_inode;
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	/* For directories it's -EISDIR, for other non-regulars - -EINVAL */
	if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
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		return -EISDIR;
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	if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
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		return -EINVAL;
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	error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt);
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	if (error)
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		goto out;
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	error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_WRITE);
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	if (error)
		goto mnt_drop_write_and_out;
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	error = -EPERM;
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	if (IS_APPEND(inode))
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		goto mnt_drop_write_and_out;
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	/*
	 * If this is an overlayfs then do as if opening the file so we get
	 * write access on the upper inode, not on the overlay inode.  For
	 * non-overlay filesystems d_real() is an identity function.
	 */
	upperdentry = d_real(path->dentry, NULL, O_WRONLY);
	error = PTR_ERR(upperdentry);
	if (IS_ERR(upperdentry))
		goto mnt_drop_write_and_out;

	error = get_write_access(upperdentry->d_inode);
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	if (error)
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		goto mnt_drop_write_and_out;
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	/*
	 * Make sure that there are no leases.  get_write_access() protects
	 * against the truncate racing with a lease-granting setlease().
	 */
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	error = break_lease(inode, O_WRONLY);
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	if (error)
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		goto put_write_and_out;
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	error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, NULL, length);
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	if (!error)
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		error = security_path_truncate(path);
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	if (!error)
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		error = do_truncate(path->dentry, length, 0, NULL);
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put_write_and_out:
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	put_write_access(upperdentry->d_inode);
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mnt_drop_write_and_out:
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	mnt_drop_write(path->mnt);
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out:
	return error;
}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_truncate);

static long do_sys_truncate(const char __user *pathname, loff_t length)
{
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	unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
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	struct path path;
	int error;

	if (length < 0)	/* sorry, but loff_t says... */
		return -EINVAL;

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retry:
	error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, pathname, lookup_flags, &path);
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	if (!error) {
		error = vfs_truncate(&path, length);
		path_put(&path);
	}
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	if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) {
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
		goto retry;
	}
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	return error;
}
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SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, long, length)
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{
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	return do_sys_truncate(path, length);
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}

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#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate, const char __user *, path, compat_off_t, length)
{
	return do_sys_truncate(path, length);
}
#endif

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static long do_sys_ftruncate(unsigned int fd, loff_t length, int small)
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{
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	struct inode *inode;
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	struct dentry *dentry;
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	struct fd f;
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	int error;

	error = -EINVAL;
	if (length < 0)
		goto out;
	error = -EBADF;
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	f = fdget(fd);
	if (!f.file)
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		goto out;

	/* explicitly opened as large or we are on 64-bit box */
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	if (f.file->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE)
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		small = 0;

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	dentry = f.file->f_path.dentry;
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	inode = dentry->d_inode;
	error = -EINVAL;
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	if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || !(f.file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
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		goto out_putf;

	error = -EINVAL;
	/* Cannot ftruncate over 2^31 bytes without large file support */
	if (small && length > MAX_NON_LFS)
		goto out_putf;

	error = -EPERM;
	if (IS_APPEND(inode))
		goto out_putf;

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	sb_start_write(inode->i_sb);
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	error = locks_verify_truncate(inode, f.file, length);
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	if (!error)
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		error = security_path_truncate(&f.file->f_path);
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	if (!error)
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		error = do_truncate(dentry, length, ATTR_MTIME|ATTR_CTIME, f.file);
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	sb_end_write(inode->i_sb);
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out_putf:
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	fdput(f);
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out:
	return error;
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, unsigned long, length)
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{
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	return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1);
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}

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#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate, unsigned int, fd, compat_ulong_t, length)
{
	return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 1);
}
#endif

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/* LFS versions of truncate are only needed on 32 bit machines */
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
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SYSCALL_DEFINE2(truncate64, const char __user *, path, loff_t, length)
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{
	return do_sys_truncate(path, length);
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE2(ftruncate64, unsigned int, fd, loff_t, length)
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{
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	return do_sys_ftruncate(fd, length, 0);
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}
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#endif /* BITS_PER_LONG == 32 */
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int vfs_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset, loff_t len)
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{
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	struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
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	long ret;
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	if (offset < 0 || len <= 0)
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		return -EINVAL;
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	/* Return error if mode is not supported */
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	if (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_SUPPORTED_MASK)
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		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	/* Punch hole and zero range are mutually exclusive */
	if ((mode & (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE)) ==
	    (FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE | FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE))
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		return -EOPNOTSUPP;

	/* Punch hole must have keep size set */
	if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) &&
	    !(mode & FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE))
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		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
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	/* Collapse range should only be used exclusively. */
	if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE) &&
	    (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_COLLAPSE_RANGE))
		return -EINVAL;

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	/* Insert range should only be used exclusively. */
	if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE) &&
	    (mode & ~FALLOC_FL_INSERT_RANGE))
		return -EINVAL;

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	/* Unshare range should only be used with allocate mode. */
	if ((mode & FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE) &&
	    (mode & ~(FALLOC_FL_UNSHARE_RANGE | FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE)))
		return -EINVAL;

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	if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
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		return -EBADF;
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	/*
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	 * We can only allow pure fallocate on append only files
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	 */
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	if ((mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE) && IS_APPEND(inode))
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		return -EPERM;

	if (IS_IMMUTABLE(inode))
		return -EPERM;

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	/*
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	 * We cannot allow any fallocate operation on an active swapfile
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	 */
	if (IS_SWAPFILE(inode))
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		return -ETXTBSY;
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	/*
	 * Revalidate the write permissions, in case security policy has
	 * changed since the files were opened.
	 */
	ret = security_file_permission(file, MAY_WRITE);
	if (ret)
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		return ret;
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	if (S_ISFIFO(inode->i_mode))
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		return -ESPIPE;
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	/*
	 * Let individual file system decide if it supports preallocation
	 * for directories or not.
	 */
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	if (!S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) && !S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) &&
	    !S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode))
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		return -ENODEV;
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	/* Check for wrap through zero too */
	if (((offset + len) > inode->i_sb->s_maxbytes) || ((offset + len) < 0))
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		return -EFBIG;
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	if (!file->f_op->fallocate)
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		return -EOPNOTSUPP;
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	sb_start_write(inode->i_sb);
	ret = file->f_op->fallocate(file, mode, offset, len);
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	/*
	 * Create inotify and fanotify events.
	 *
	 * To keep the logic simple always create events if fallocate succeeds.
	 * This implies that events are even created if the file size remains
	 * unchanged, e.g. when using flag FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE.
	 */
	if (ret == 0)
		fsnotify_modify(file);

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	sb_end_write(inode->i_sb);
	return ret;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfs_fallocate);
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SYSCALL_DEFINE4(fallocate, int, fd, int, mode, loff_t, offset, loff_t, len)
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{
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	struct fd f = fdget(fd);
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	int error = -EBADF;

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	if (f.file) {
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		error = vfs_fallocate(f.file, mode, offset, len);
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		fdput(f);
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	}
	return error;
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}
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/*
 * access() needs to use the real uid/gid, not the effective uid/gid.
 * We do this by temporarily clearing all FS-related capabilities and
 * switching the fsuid/fsgid around to the real ones.
 */
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SYSCALL_DEFINE3(faccessat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, mode)
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{
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	const struct cred *old_cred;
	struct cred *override_cred;
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	struct path path;
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	struct inode *inode;
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	int res;
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	unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
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	if (mode & ~S_IRWXO)	/* where's F_OK, X_OK, W_OK, R_OK? */
		return -EINVAL;

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	override_cred = prepare_creds();
	if (!override_cred)
		return -ENOMEM;
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	override_cred->fsuid = override_cred->uid;
	override_cred->fsgid = override_cred->gid;
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	if (!issecure(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)) {
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		/* Clear the capabilities if we switch to a non-root user */
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		kuid_t root_uid = make_kuid(override_cred->user_ns, 0);
		if (!uid_eq(override_cred->uid, root_uid))
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			cap_clear(override_cred->cap_effective);
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		else
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			override_cred->cap_effective =
				override_cred->cap_permitted;
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	}
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	old_cred = override_creds(override_cred);
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retry:
	res = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
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	if (res)
		goto out;

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	inode = d_backing_inode(path.dentry);
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	if ((mode & MAY_EXEC) && S_ISREG(inode->i_mode)) {
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		/*
		 * MAY_EXEC on regular files is denied if the fs is mounted
		 * with the "noexec" flag.
		 */
		res = -EACCES;
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		if (path_noexec(&path))
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			goto out_path_release;
	}

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	res = inode_permission(inode, mode | MAY_ACCESS);
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	/* SuS v2 requires we report a read only fs too */
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	if (res || !(mode & S_IWOTH) || special_file(inode->i_mode))
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		goto out_path_release;
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	/*
	 * This is a rare case where using __mnt_is_readonly()
	 * is OK without a mnt_want/drop_write() pair.  Since
	 * no actual write to the fs is performed here, we do
	 * not need to telegraph to that to anyone.
	 *
	 * By doing this, we accept that this access is
	 * inherently racy and know that the fs may change
	 * state before we even see this result.
	 */
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	if (__mnt_is_readonly(path.mnt))
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		res = -EROFS;
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out_path_release:
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	path_put(&path);
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	if (retry_estale(res, lookup_flags)) {
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
		goto retry;
	}
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out:
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	revert_creds(old_cred);
	put_cred(override_cred);
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	return res;
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE2(access, const char __user *, filename, int, mode)
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{
	return sys_faccessat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode);
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chdir, const char __user *, filename)
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{
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	struct path path;
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	int error;
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	unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY;
retry:
	error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
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	if (error)
		goto out;

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	error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR);
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	if (error)
		goto dput_and_out;

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	set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &path);
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dput_and_out:
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	path_put(&path);
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	if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) {
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
		goto retry;
	}
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out:
	return error;
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE1(fchdir, unsigned int, fd)
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{
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	struct fd f = fdget_raw(fd);
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	struct inode *inode;
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	int error = -EBADF;
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	error = -EBADF;
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	if (!f.file)
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		goto out;

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	inode = file_inode(f.file);
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	error = -ENOTDIR;
	if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
		goto out_putf;

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	error = inode_permission(inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR);
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	if (!error)
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		set_fs_pwd(current->fs, &f.file->f_path);
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out_putf:
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	fdput(f);
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out:
	return error;
}

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SYSCALL_DEFINE1(chroot, const char __user *, filename)
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{
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	struct path path;
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	int error;
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	unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW | LOOKUP_DIRECTORY;
retry:
	error = user_path_at(AT_FDCWD, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
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	if (error)
		goto out;

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	error = inode_permission(path.dentry->d_inode, MAY_EXEC | MAY_CHDIR);
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	if (error)
		goto dput_and_out;

	error = -EPERM;
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	if (!ns_capable(current_user_ns(), CAP_SYS_CHROOT))
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		goto dput_and_out;
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	error = security_path_chroot(&path);
	if (error)
		goto dput_and_out;
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	set_fs_root(current->fs, &path);
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	error = 0;
dput_and_out:
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	path_put(&path);
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	if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) {
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
		goto retry;
	}
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out:
	return error;
}

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static int chmod_common(const struct path *path, umode_t mode)
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{
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	struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode;
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	struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL;
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	struct iattr newattrs;
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	int error;
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	error = mnt_want_write(path->mnt);
	if (error)
		return error;
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retry_deleg:
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	inode_lock(inode);
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	error = security_path_chmod(path, mode);
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	if (error)
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		goto out_unlock;
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	newattrs.ia_mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | (inode->i_mode & ~S_IALLUGO);
	newattrs.ia_valid = ATTR_MODE | ATTR_CTIME;
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	error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode);
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out_unlock:
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	inode_unlock(inode);
539 540 541 542 543
	if (delegated_inode) {
		error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode);
		if (!error)
			goto retry_deleg;
	}
544 545 546 547
	mnt_drop_write(path->mnt);
	return error;
}

548
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(fchmod, unsigned int, fd, umode_t, mode)
549
{
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550
	struct fd f = fdget(fd);
551 552
	int err = -EBADF;

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	if (f.file) {
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		audit_file(f.file);
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		err = chmod_common(&f.file->f_path, mode);
		fdput(f);
557
	}
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	return err;
}

561
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchmodat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode)
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{
563
	struct path path;
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	int error;
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	unsigned int lookup_flags = LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
retry:
	error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
568 569 570
	if (!error) {
		error = chmod_common(&path, mode);
		path_put(&path);
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		if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) {
			lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
			goto retry;
		}
575
	}
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	return error;
}

579
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(chmod, const char __user *, filename, umode_t, mode)
580 581 582 583
{
	return sys_fchmodat(AT_FDCWD, filename, mode);
}

584
static int chown_common(const struct path *path, uid_t user, gid_t group)
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{
586
	struct inode *inode = path->dentry->d_inode;
587
	struct inode *delegated_inode = NULL;
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	int error;
	struct iattr newattrs;
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	kuid_t uid;
	kgid_t gid;

	uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), user);
	gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), group);
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596
retry_deleg:
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	newattrs.ia_valid =  ATTR_CTIME;
	if (user != (uid_t) -1) {
599 600
		if (!uid_valid(uid))
			return -EINVAL;
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		newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_UID;
602
		newattrs.ia_uid = uid;
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	}
	if (group != (gid_t) -1) {
605 606
		if (!gid_valid(gid))
			return -EINVAL;
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		newattrs.ia_valid |= ATTR_GID;
608
		newattrs.ia_gid = gid;
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	}
	if (!S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
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		newattrs.ia_valid |=
			ATTR_KILL_SUID | ATTR_KILL_SGID | ATTR_KILL_PRIV;
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613
	inode_lock(inode);
614
	error = security_path_chown(path, uid, gid);
615
	if (!error)
616
		error = notify_change(path->dentry, &newattrs, &delegated_inode);
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	inode_unlock(inode);
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	if (delegated_inode) {
		error = break_deleg_wait(&delegated_inode);
		if (!error)
			goto retry_deleg;
	}
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	return error;
}

626 627
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(fchownat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user,
		gid_t, group, int, flag)
628
{
629
	struct path path;
630
	int error = -EINVAL;
631
	int lookup_flags;
632

633
	if ((flag & ~(AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW | AT_EMPTY_PATH)) != 0)
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		goto out;

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	lookup_flags = (flag & AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) ? 0 : LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
	if (flag & AT_EMPTY_PATH)
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_EMPTY;
639
retry:
640
	error = user_path_at(dfd, filename, lookup_flags, &path);
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	if (error)
		goto out;
643
	error = mnt_want_write(path.mnt);
644 645
	if (error)
		goto out_release;
646
	error = chown_common(&path, user, group);
647
	mnt_drop_write(path.mnt);
648
out_release:
649
	path_put(&path);
650 651 652 653
	if (retry_estale(error, lookup_flags)) {
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_REVAL;
		goto retry;
	}
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out:
	return error;
}

658
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(chown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group)
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{
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	return sys_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group, 0);
}
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SYSCALL_DEFINE3(lchown, const char __user *, filename, uid_t, user, gid_t, group)
{
	return sys_fchownat(AT_FDCWD, filename, user, group,
			    AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW);
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}

669
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(fchown, unsigned int, fd, uid_t, user, gid_t, group)
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{
671
	struct fd f = fdget(fd);
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	int error = -EBADF;

674
	if (!f.file)
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		goto out;

677
	error = mnt_want_write_file(f.file);
678 679
	if (error)
		goto out_fput;
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	audit_file(f.file);
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	error = chown_common(&f.file->f_path, user, group);
	mnt_drop_write_file(f.file);
683
out_fput:
684
	fdput(f);
685
out:
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	return error;
}

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int open_check_o_direct(struct file *f)
{
	/* NB: we're sure to have correct a_ops only after f_op->open */
	if (f->f_flags & O_DIRECT) {
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		if (!f->f_mapping->a_ops || !f->f_mapping->a_ops->direct_IO)
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			return -EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

699
static int do_dentry_open(struct file *f,
700
			  struct inode *inode,
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			  int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *),
			  const struct cred *cred)
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{
704
	static const struct file_operations empty_fops = {};
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	int error;

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	f->f_mode = OPEN_FMODE(f->f_flags) | FMODE_LSEEK |
708
				FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE;
709

710
	path_get(&f->f_path);
711
	f->f_inode = inode;
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	f->f_mapping = inode->i_mapping;

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	if (unlikely(f->f_flags & O_PATH)) {
		f->f_mode = FMODE_PATH;
716
		f->f_op = &empty_fops;
717
		return 0;
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	}

720
	if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE && !special_file(inode->i_mode)) {
721
		error = get_write_access(inode);
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		if (unlikely(error))
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			goto cleanup_file;
724
		error = __mnt_want_write(f->f_path.mnt);
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		if (unlikely(error)) {
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			put_write_access(inode);
			goto cleanup_file;
		}
729
		f->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITER;
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	}

732
	/* POSIX.1-2008/SUSv4 Section XSI 2.9.7 */
733
	if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
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		f->f_mode |= FMODE_ATOMIC_POS;

736
	f->f_op = fops_get(inode->i_fop);
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	if (unlikely(WARN_ON(!f->f_op))) {
		error = -ENODEV;
		goto cleanup_all;
	}
741

742
	error = security_file_open(f, cred);
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	if (error)
		goto cleanup_all;

746
	error = break_lease(locks_inode(f), f->f_flags);
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	if (error)
		goto cleanup_all;

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	if (!open)
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		open = f->f_op->open;
	if (open) {
		error = open(inode, f);
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		if (error)
			goto cleanup_all;
	}
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	if ((f->f_mode & (FMODE_READ | FMODE_WRITE)) == FMODE_READ)
		i_readcount_inc(inode);
759
	if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_READ) &&
760
	     likely(f->f_op->read || f->f_op->read_iter))
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		f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_READ;
762
	if ((f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
763
	     likely(f->f_op->write || f->f_op->write_iter))
764
		f->f_mode |= FMODE_CAN_WRITE;
765

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	f->f_flags &= ~(O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_NOCTTY | O_TRUNC);

	file_ra_state_init(&f->f_ra, f->f_mapping->host->i_mapping);

770
	return 0;
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cleanup_all:
	fops_put(f->f_op);
774
	if (f->f_mode & FMODE_WRITER) {
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		put_write_access(inode);
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		__mnt_drop_write(f->f_path.mnt);
777
	}
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cleanup_file:
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	path_put(&f->f_path);
	f->f_path.mnt = NULL;
	f->f_path.dentry = NULL;
782
	f->f_inode = NULL;
783
	return error;
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}

786 787
/**
 * finish_open - finish opening a file
788
 * @file: file pointer
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 * @dentry: pointer to dentry
 * @open: open callback
791
 * @opened: state of open
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 *
 * This can be used to finish opening a file passed to i_op->atomic_open().
 *
 * If the open callback is set to NULL, then the standard f_op->open()
 * filesystem callback is substituted.
797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805
 *
 * NB: the dentry reference is _not_ consumed.  If, for example, the dentry is
 * the return value of d_splice_alias(), then the caller needs to perform dput()
 * on it after finish_open().
 *
 * On successful return @file is a fully instantiated open file.  After this, if
 * an error occurs in ->atomic_open(), it needs to clean up with fput().
 *
 * Returns zero on success or -errno if the open failed.
806
 */
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int finish_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry,
		int (*open)(struct inode *, struct file *),
		int *opened)
810
{
811
	int error;
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	BUG_ON(*opened & FILE_OPENED); /* once it's opened, it's opened */
813

814
	file->f_path.dentry = dentry;
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	error = do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(dentry), open,
			       current_cred());
817
	if (!error)
818
		*opened |= FILE_OPENED;
819

820
	return error;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_open);

/**
 * finish_no_open - finish ->atomic_open() without opening the file
 *
827
 * @file: file pointer
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 * @dentry: dentry or NULL (as returned from ->lookup())
 *
 * This can be used to set the result of a successful lookup in ->atomic_open().
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 *
 * NB: unlike finish_open() this function does consume the dentry reference and
 * the caller need not dput() it.
 *
 * Returns "1" which must be the return value of ->atomic_open() after having
 * called this function.
837
 */
838
int finish_no_open(struct file *file, struct dentry *dentry)
839
{
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	file->f_path.dentry = dentry;
841
	return 1;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(finish_no_open);

845 846 847 848 849 850
char *file_path(struct file *filp, char *buf, int buflen)
{
	return d_path(&filp->f_path, buf, buflen);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_path);

851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859
/**
 * vfs_open - open the file at the given path
 * @path: path to open
 * @file: newly allocated file with f_flag initialized
 * @cred: credentials to use
 */
int vfs_open(const struct path *path, struct file *file,
	     const struct cred *cred)
{
860
	struct dentry *dentry = d_real(path->dentry, NULL, file->f_flags);
861

862 863
	if (IS_ERR(dentry))
		return PTR_ERR(dentry);
864

865
	file->f_path = *path;
866
	return do_dentry_open(file, d_backing_inode(dentry), NULL, cred);
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}

869
struct file *dentry_open(const struct path *path, int flags,
870
			 const struct cred *cred)
871 872 873 874
{
	int error;
	struct file *f;

875 876
	validate_creds(cred);

877
	/* We must always pass in a valid mount pointer. */
878
	BUG_ON(!path->mnt);
879

880
	f = get_empty_filp();
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	if (!IS_ERR(f)) {
		f->f_flags = flags;
883
		error = vfs_open(path, f, cred);
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		if (!error) {
			/* from now on we need fput() to dispose of f */
			error = open_check_o_direct(f);
			if (error) {
				fput(f);
				f = ERR_PTR(error);
			}
		} else { 
			put_filp(f);
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			f = ERR_PTR(error);
		}
	}
	return f;
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}
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EXPORT_SYMBOL(dentry_open);

900
static inline int build_open_flags(int flags, umode_t mode, struct open_flags *op)
901 902
{
	int lookup_flags = 0;
903
	int acc_mode = ACC_MODE(flags);
904

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	/*
	 * Clear out all open flags we don't know about so that we don't report
	 * them in fcntl(F_GETFD) or similar interfaces.
	 */
	flags &= VALID_OPEN_FLAGS;

911
	if (flags & (O_CREAT | __O_TMPFILE))
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		op->mode = (mode & S_IALLUGO) | S_IFREG;
	else
		op->mode = 0;
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	/* Must never be set by userspace */
917
	flags &= ~FMODE_NONOTIFY & ~O_CLOEXEC;
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	/*
	 * O_SYNC is implemented as __O_SYNC|O_DSYNC.  As many places only
	 * check for O_DSYNC if the need any syncing at all we enforce it's
	 * always set instead of having to deal with possibly weird behaviour
	 * for malicious applications setting only __O_SYNC.
	 */
	if (flags & __O_SYNC)
		flags |= O_DSYNC;

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	if (flags & __O_TMPFILE) {
		if ((flags & O_TMPFILE_MASK) != O_TMPFILE)
930
			return -EINVAL;
931 932
		if (!(acc_mode & MAY_WRITE))
			return -EINVAL;
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	} else if (flags & O_PATH) {
		/*
		 * If we have O_PATH in the open flag. Then we
		 * cannot have anything other than the below set of flags
		 */
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		flags &= O_DIRECTORY | O_NOFOLLOW | O_PATH;
		acc_mode = 0;
	}
941

942
	op->open_flag = flags;
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	/* O_TRUNC implies we need access checks for write permissions */
	if (flags & O_TRUNC)
		acc_mode |= MAY_WRITE;

	/* Allow the LSM permission hook to distinguish append
	   access from general write access. */
	if (flags & O_APPEND)
		acc_mode |= MAY_APPEND;

	op->acc_mode = acc_mode;

955 956
	op->intent = flags & O_PATH ? 0 : LOOKUP_OPEN;

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	if (flags & O_CREAT) {
		op->intent |= LOOKUP_CREATE;
		if (flags & O_EXCL)
			op->intent |= LOOKUP_EXCL;
	}

	if (flags & O_DIRECTORY)
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_DIRECTORY;
	if (!(flags & O_NOFOLLOW))
		lookup_flags |= LOOKUP_FOLLOW;
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	op->lookup_flags = lookup_flags;
	return 0;
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}

971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 982 983 984
/**
 * file_open_name - open file and return file pointer
 *
 * @name:	struct filename containing path to open
 * @flags:	open flags as per the open(2) second argument
 * @mode:	mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored
 *
 * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really
 * have to.  But in generally you should not do this, so please move
 * along, nothing to see here..
 */
struct file *file_open_name(struct filename *name, int flags, umode_t mode)
{
	struct open_flags op;
985 986
	int err = build_open_flags(flags, mode, &op);
	return err ? ERR_PTR(err) : do_filp_open(AT_FDCWD, name, &op);
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}

989 990 991 992 993 994 995 996 997 998 999
/**
 * filp_open - open file and return file pointer
 *
 * @filename:	path to open
 * @flags:	open flags as per the open(2) second argument
 * @mode:	mode for the new file if O_CREAT is set, else ignored
 *
 * This is the helper to open a file from kernelspace if you really
 * have to.  But in generally you should not do this, so please move
 * along, nothing to see here..
 */
1000
struct file *filp_open(const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode)
1001
{
1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009
	struct filename *name = getname_kernel(filename);
	struct file *file = ERR_CAST(name);
	
	if (!IS_ERR(name)) {
		file = file_open_name(name, flags, mode);
		putname(name);
	}
	return file;
1010 1011 1012
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_open);

1013
struct file *file_open_root(struct dentry *dentry, struct vfsmount *mnt,
1014
			    const char *filename, int flags, umode_t mode)
1015 1016
{
	struct open_flags op;
1017
	int err = build_open_flags(flags, mode, &op);
1018 1019 1020
	if (err)
		return ERR_PTR(err);
	return do_file_open_root(dentry, mnt, filename, &op);
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(file_open_root);

1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043
struct file *filp_clone_open(struct file *oldfile)
{
	struct file *file;
	int retval;

	file = get_empty_filp();
	if (IS_ERR(file))
		return file;

	file->f_flags = oldfile->f_flags;
	retval = vfs_open(&oldfile->f_path, file, oldfile->f_cred);
	if (retval) {
		put_filp(file);
		return ERR_PTR(retval);
	}

	return file;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_clone_open);

1044
long do_sys_open(int dfd, const char __user *filename, int flags, umode_t mode)
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{
1046
	struct open_flags op;
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	int fd = build_open_flags(flags, mode, &op);
	struct filename *tmp;

	if (fd)
		return fd;

	tmp = getname(filename);
	if (IS_ERR(tmp))
		return PTR_ERR(tmp);

	fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags);
	if (fd >= 0) {
		struct file *f = do_filp_open(dfd, tmp, &op);
		if (IS_ERR(f)) {
			put_unused_fd(fd);
			fd = PTR_ERR(f);
		} else {
			fsnotify_open(f);
			fd_install(fd, f);
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		}
	}
1068
	putname(tmp);
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	return fd;
}
1071

1072
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(open, const char __user *, filename, int, flags, umode_t, mode)
1073 1074 1075 1076
{
	if (force_o_largefile())
		flags |= O_LARGEFILE;

1077
	return do_sys_open(AT_FDCWD, filename, flags, mode);
1078
}
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1080
SYSCALL_DEFINE4(openat, int, dfd, const char __user *, filename, int, flags,
1081
		umode_t, mode)
1082 1083 1084 1085
{
	if (force_o_largefile())
		flags |= O_LARGEFILE;

1086
	return do_sys_open(dfd, filename, flags, mode);
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}

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#ifndef __alpha__

/*
 * For backward compatibility?  Maybe this should be moved
 * into arch/i386 instead?
 */
1095
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(creat, const char __user *, pathname, umode_t, mode)
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{
	return sys_open(pathname, O_CREAT | O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC, mode);
}

#endif

/*
 * "id" is the POSIX thread ID. We use the
 * files pointer for this..
 */
int filp_close(struct file *filp, fl_owner_t id)
{
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	int retval = 0;
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	if (!file_count(filp)) {
		printk(KERN_ERR "VFS: Close: file count is 0\n");
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		return 0;
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	}

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	if (filp->f_op->flush)
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		retval = filp->f_op->flush(filp, id);
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	if (likely(!(filp->f_mode & FMODE_PATH))) {
		dnotify_flush(filp, id);
		locks_remove_posix(filp, id);
	}
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	fput(filp);
	return retval;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(filp_close);

/*
 * Careful here! We test whether the file pointer is NULL before
 * releasing the fd. This ensures that one clone task can't release
 * an fd while another clone is opening it.
 */
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SYSCALL_DEFINE1(close, unsigned int, fd)
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{
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	int retval = __close_fd(current->files, fd);
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	/* can't restart close syscall because file table entry was cleared */
	if (unlikely(retval == -ERESTARTSYS ||
		     retval == -ERESTARTNOINTR ||
		     retval == -ERESTARTNOHAND ||
		     retval == -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK))
		retval = -EINTR;

	return retval;
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}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sys_close);

/*
 * This routine simulates a hangup on the tty, to arrange that users
 * are given clean terminals at login time.
 */
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SYSCALL_DEFINE0(vhangup)
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{
	if (capable(CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG)) {
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		tty_vhangup_self();
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		return 0;
	}
	return -EPERM;
}

/*
 * Called when an inode is about to be open.
 * We use this to disallow opening large files on 32bit systems if
 * the caller didn't specify O_LARGEFILE.  On 64bit systems we force
 * on this flag in sys_open.
 */
int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
	if (!(filp->f_flags & O_LARGEFILE) && i_size_read(inode) > MAX_NON_LFS)
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		return -EOVERFLOW;
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	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_file_open);

/*
 * This is used by subsystems that don't want seekable