Commit 2d888f48 authored by Suzuki K. Poulose's avatar Suzuki K. Poulose Committed by Catalin Marinas

arm64: Emulate SETEND for AArch32 tasks

Emulate deprecated 'setend' instruction for AArch32 bit tasks.

	setend [le/be] - Sets the endianness of EL0

On systems with CPUs which support mixed endian at EL0, the hardware
support for the instruction can be enabled by setting the SCTLR_EL1.SED
bit. Like the other emulated instructions it is controlled by an entry in
/proc/sys/abi/. For more information see :
	Documentation/arm64/legacy_instructions.txt

The instruction is emulated by setting/clearing the SPSR_EL1.E bit, which
will be reflected in the PSTATE.E in AArch32 context.

This patch also restores the native endianness for the execution of signal
handlers, since the process could have changed the endianness.

Note: All CPUs on the system must have mixed endian support at EL0. Once the
handler is registered, hotplugging a CPU which doesn't support mixed endian,
could lead to unexpected results/behavior in applications.
Signed-off-by: default avatarSuzuki K. Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
parent 736d474f
......@@ -32,6 +32,9 @@ The default mode depends on the status of the instruction in the
architecture. Deprecated instructions should default to emulation
while obsolete instructions must be undefined by default.
Note: Instruction emulation may not be possible in all cases. See
individual instruction notes for further information.
Supported legacy instructions
-----------------------------
* SWP{B}
......@@ -43,3 +46,12 @@ Default: Undef (0)
Node: /proc/sys/abi/cp15_barrier
Status: Deprecated
Default: Emulate (1)
* SETEND
Node: /proc/sys/abi/setend
Status: Deprecated
Default: Emulate (1)*
Note: All the cpus on the system must have mixed endian support at EL0
for this feature to be enabled. If a new CPU - which doesn't support mixed
endian - is hotplugged in after this feature has been enabled, there could
be unexpected results in the application.
......@@ -540,6 +540,21 @@ config CP15_BARRIER_EMULATION
If unsure, say Y
config SETEND_EMULATION
bool "Emulate SETEND instruction"
help
The SETEND instruction alters the data-endianness of the
AArch32 EL0, and is deprecated in ARMv8.
Say Y here to enable software emulation of the instruction
for AArch32 userspace code.
Note: All the cpus on the system must have mixed endian support at EL0
for this feature to be enabled. If a new CPU - which doesn't support mixed
endian - is hotplugged in after this feature has been enabled, there could
be unexpected results in the applications.
If unsure, say Y
endif
endmenu
......
......@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@
(((mmfr0) & ID_AA64MMFR0_BIGEND_MASK) >> ID_AA64MMFR0_BIGEND_SHIFT)
#define SCTLR_EL1_CP15BEN (0x1 << 5)
#define SCTLR_EL1_SED (0x1 << 8)
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
......
......@@ -58,6 +58,13 @@
#define COMPAT_PSR_Z_BIT 0x40000000
#define COMPAT_PSR_N_BIT 0x80000000
#define COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK 0x0600fc00 /* If-Then execution state mask */
#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
#define COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT
#else
#define COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE 0
#endif
/*
* These are 'magic' values for PTRACE_PEEKUSR that return info about where a
* process is located in memory.
......
......@@ -548,6 +548,79 @@ static struct insn_emulation_ops cp15_barrier_ops = {
.set_hw_mode = cp15_barrier_set_hw_mode,
};
static int setend_set_hw_mode(bool enable)
{
if (!cpu_supports_mixed_endian_el0())
return -EINVAL;
if (enable)
config_sctlr_el1(SCTLR_EL1_SED, 0);
else
config_sctlr_el1(0, SCTLR_EL1_SED);
return 0;
}
static int compat_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 big_endian)
{
char *insn;
perf_sw_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_EMULATION_FAULTS, 1, regs, regs->pc);
if (big_endian) {
insn = "setend be";
regs->pstate |= COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
} else {
insn = "setend le";
regs->pstate &= ~COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT;
}
trace_instruction_emulation(insn, regs->pc);
pr_warn_ratelimited("\"%s\" (%ld) uses deprecated setend instruction at 0x%llx\n",
current->comm, (unsigned long)current->pid, regs->pc);
return 0;
}
static int a32_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 instr)
{
int rc = compat_setend_handler(regs, (instr >> 9) & 1);
regs->pc += 4;
return rc;
}
static int t16_setend_handler(struct pt_regs *regs, u32 instr)
{
int rc = compat_setend_handler(regs, (instr >> 3) & 1);
regs->pc += 2;
return rc;
}
static struct undef_hook setend_hooks[] = {
{
.instr_mask = 0xfffffdff,
.instr_val = 0xf1010000,
.pstate_mask = COMPAT_PSR_MODE_MASK,
.pstate_val = COMPAT_PSR_MODE_USR,
.fn = a32_setend_handler,
},
{
/* Thumb mode */
.instr_mask = 0x0000fff7,
.instr_val = 0x0000b650,
.pstate_mask = (COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_MODE_MASK),
.pstate_val = (COMPAT_PSR_T_BIT | COMPAT_PSR_MODE_USR),
.fn = t16_setend_handler,
},
{}
};
static struct insn_emulation_ops setend_ops = {
.name = "setend",
.status = INSN_DEPRECATED,
.hooks = setend_hooks,
.set_hw_mode = setend_set_hw_mode,
};
static int insn_cpu_hotplug_notify(struct notifier_block *b,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
......@@ -573,6 +646,13 @@ static int __init armv8_deprecated_init(void)
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CP15_BARRIER_EMULATION))
register_insn_emulation(&cp15_barrier_ops);
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SETEND_EMULATION)) {
if(system_supports_mixed_endian_el0())
register_insn_emulation(&setend_ops);
else
pr_info("setend instruction emulation is not supported on the system");
}
register_cpu_notifier(&insn_cpu_hotplug_notifier);
register_insn_emulation_sysctl(ctl_abi);
......
......@@ -440,7 +440,7 @@ static void compat_setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
{
compat_ulong_t handler = ptr_to_compat(ka->sa.sa_handler);
compat_ulong_t retcode;
compat_ulong_t spsr = regs->pstate & ~PSR_f;
compat_ulong_t spsr = regs->pstate & ~(PSR_f | COMPAT_PSR_E_BIT);
int thumb;
/* Check if the handler is written for ARM or Thumb */
......@@ -454,6 +454,9 @@ static void compat_setup_return(struct pt_regs *regs, struct k_sigaction *ka,
/* The IT state must be cleared for both ARM and Thumb-2 */
spsr &= ~COMPAT_PSR_IT_MASK;
/* Restore the original endianness */
spsr |= COMPAT_PSR_ENDSTATE;
if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) {
retcode = ptr_to_compat(ka->sa.sa_restorer);
} else {
......
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