Commit 7e1e7763 authored by Thomas Graf's avatar Thomas Graf Committed by David S. Miller

lib: Resizable, Scalable, Concurrent Hash Table

Generic implementation of a resizable, scalable, concurrent hash table
based on [0]. The implementation supports both, fixed size keys specified
via an offset and length, or arbitrary keys via own hash and compare
functions.

Lookups are lockless and protected as RCU read side critical sections.
Automatic growing/shrinking based on user configurable watermarks is
available while allowing concurrent lookups to take place.

Objects to be hashed must include a struct rhash_head. The reason for not
using the existing struct hlist_head is that the expansion and shrinking
will have two buckets point to a single entry which would lead in obscure
reverse chaining behaviour.

Code includes a boot selftest if CONFIG_TEST_RHASHTABLE is defined.

[0] https://www.usenix.org/legacy/event/atc11/tech/final_files/Triplett.pdfSigned-off-by: default avatarThomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
Reviewed-by: default avatarNikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent d39a9ffc
/*
* Resizable, Scalable, Concurrent Hash Table
*
* Copyright (c) 2014 Thomas Graf <tgraf@suug.ch>
* Copyright (c) 2008-2014 Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>
*
* Based on the following paper by Josh Triplett, Paul E. McKenney
* and Jonathan Walpole:
* https://www.usenix.org/legacy/event/atc11/tech/final_files/Triplett.pdf
*
* Code partially derived from nft_hash
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
#ifndef _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H
#define _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H
#include <linux/rculist.h>
struct rhash_head {
struct rhash_head *next;
};
#define INIT_HASH_HEAD(ptr) ((ptr)->next = NULL)
struct bucket_table {
size_t size;
struct rhash_head __rcu *buckets[];
};
typedef u32 (*rht_hashfn_t)(const void *data, u32 len, u32 seed);
typedef u32 (*rht_obj_hashfn_t)(const void *data, u32 seed);
struct rhashtable;
/**
* struct rhashtable_params - Hash table construction parameters
* @nelem_hint: Hint on number of elements, should be 75% of desired size
* @key_len: Length of key
* @key_offset: Offset of key in struct to be hashed
* @head_offset: Offset of rhash_head in struct to be hashed
* @hash_rnd: Seed to use while hashing
* @max_shift: Maximum number of shifts while expanding
* @hashfn: Function to hash key
* @obj_hashfn: Function to hash object
* @grow_decision: If defined, may return true if table should expand
* @shrink_decision: If defined, may return true if table should shrink
* @mutex_is_held: Must return true if protecting mutex is held
*/
struct rhashtable_params {
size_t nelem_hint;
size_t key_len;
size_t key_offset;
size_t head_offset;
u32 hash_rnd;
size_t max_shift;
rht_hashfn_t hashfn;
rht_obj_hashfn_t obj_hashfn;
bool (*grow_decision)(const struct rhashtable *ht,
size_t new_size);
bool (*shrink_decision)(const struct rhashtable *ht,
size_t new_size);
int (*mutex_is_held)(void);
};
/**
* struct rhashtable - Hash table handle
* @tbl: Bucket table
* @nelems: Number of elements in table
* @shift: Current size (1 << shift)
* @p: Configuration parameters
*/
struct rhashtable {
struct bucket_table __rcu *tbl;
size_t nelems;
size_t shift;
struct rhashtable_params p;
};
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(const struct rhashtable *ht);
#else
static inline int lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(const struct rhashtable *ht)
{
return 1;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
int rhashtable_init(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhashtable_params *params);
u32 rhashtable_hashfn(const struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key, u32 len);
u32 rhashtable_obj_hashfn(const struct rhashtable *ht, void *ptr);
void rhashtable_insert(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *node, gfp_t);
bool rhashtable_remove(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *node, gfp_t);
void rhashtable_remove_pprev(struct rhashtable *ht, struct rhash_head *obj,
struct rhash_head **pprev, gfp_t flags);
bool rht_grow_above_75(const struct rhashtable *ht, size_t new_size);
bool rht_shrink_below_30(const struct rhashtable *ht, size_t new_size);
int rhashtable_expand(struct rhashtable *ht, gfp_t flags);
int rhashtable_shrink(struct rhashtable *ht, gfp_t flags);
void *rhashtable_lookup(const struct rhashtable *ht, const void *key);
void *rhashtable_lookup_compare(const struct rhashtable *ht, u32 hash,
bool (*compare)(void *, void *), void *arg);
void rhashtable_destroy(const struct rhashtable *ht);
#define rht_dereference(p, ht) \
rcu_dereference_protected(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht))
#define rht_dereference_rcu(p, ht) \
rcu_dereference_check(p, lockdep_rht_mutex_is_held(ht))
/* Internal, use rht_obj() instead */
#define rht_entry(ptr, type, member) container_of(ptr, type, member)
#define rht_entry_safe(ptr, type, member) \
({ \
typeof(ptr) __ptr = (ptr); \
__ptr ? rht_entry(__ptr, type, member) : NULL; \
})
#define rht_entry_safe_rcu(ptr, type, member) \
({ \
typeof(*ptr) __rcu *__ptr = (typeof(*ptr) __rcu __force *)ptr; \
__ptr ? container_of((typeof(ptr))rcu_dereference_raw(__ptr), type, member) : NULL; \
})
#define rht_next_entry_safe(pos, ht, member) \
({ \
pos ? rht_entry_safe(rht_dereference((pos)->member.next, ht), \
typeof(*(pos)), member) : NULL; \
})
/**
* rht_for_each - iterate over hash chain
* @pos: &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor.
* @head: head of the hash chain (struct rhash_head *)
* @ht: pointer to your struct rhashtable
*/
#define rht_for_each(pos, head, ht) \
for (pos = rht_dereference(head, ht); \
pos; \
pos = rht_dereference((pos)->next, ht))
/**
* rht_for_each_entry - iterate over hash chain of given type
* @pos: type * to use as a loop cursor.
* @head: head of the hash chain (struct rhash_head *)
* @ht: pointer to your struct rhashtable
* @member: name of the rhash_head within the hashable struct.
*/
#define rht_for_each_entry(pos, head, ht, member) \
for (pos = rht_entry_safe(rht_dereference(head, ht), \
typeof(*(pos)), member); \
pos; \
pos = rht_next_entry_safe(pos, ht, member))
/**
* rht_for_each_entry_safe - safely iterate over hash chain of given type
* @pos: type * to use as a loop cursor.
* @n: type * to use for temporary next object storage
* @head: head of the hash chain (struct rhash_head *)
* @ht: pointer to your struct rhashtable
* @member: name of the rhash_head within the hashable struct.
*
* This hash chain list-traversal primitive allows for the looped code to
* remove the loop cursor from the list.
*/
#define rht_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, ht, member) \
for (pos = rht_entry_safe(rht_dereference(head, ht), \
typeof(*(pos)), member), \
n = rht_next_entry_safe(pos, ht, member); \
pos; \
pos = n, \
n = rht_next_entry_safe(pos, ht, member))
/**
* rht_for_each_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain
* @pos: &struct rhash_head to use as a loop cursor.
* @head: head of the hash chain (struct rhash_head *)
* @ht: pointer to your struct rhashtable
*
* This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with
* the _rcu fkht mutation primitives such as rht_insert() as long as the
* traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock().
*/
#define rht_for_each_rcu(pos, head, ht) \
for (pos = rht_dereference_rcu(head, ht); \
pos; \
pos = rht_dereference_rcu((pos)->next, ht))
/**
* rht_for_each_entry_rcu - iterate over rcu hash chain of given type
* @pos: type * to use as a loop cursor.
* @head: head of the hash chain (struct rhash_head *)
* @member: name of the rhash_head within the hashable struct.
*
* This hash chain list-traversal primitive may safely run concurrently with
* the _rcu fkht mutation primitives such as rht_insert() as long as the
* traversal is guarded by rcu_read_lock().
*/
#define rht_for_each_entry_rcu(pos, head, member) \
for (pos = rht_entry_safe_rcu(head, typeof(*(pos)), member); \
pos; \
pos = rht_entry_safe_rcu((pos)->member.next, \
typeof(*(pos)), member))
#endif /* _LINUX_RHASHTABLE_H */
......@@ -1550,6 +1550,14 @@ config TEST_STRING_HELPERS
config TEST_KSTRTOX
tristate "Test kstrto*() family of functions at runtime"
config TEST_RHASHTABLE
bool "Perform selftest on resizable hash table"
default n
help
Enable this option to test the rhashtable functions at boot.
If unsure, say N.
endmenu # runtime tests
config PROVIDE_OHCI1394_DMA_INIT
......
......@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ obj-y += bcd.o div64.o sort.o parser.o halfmd4.o debug_locks.o random32.o \
bust_spinlocks.o hexdump.o kasprintf.o bitmap.o scatterlist.o \
gcd.o lcm.o list_sort.o uuid.o flex_array.o iovec.o clz_ctz.o \
bsearch.o find_last_bit.o find_next_bit.o llist.o memweight.o kfifo.o \
percpu-refcount.o percpu_ida.o hash.o
percpu-refcount.o percpu_ida.o hash.o rhashtable.o
obj-y += string_helpers.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TEST_STRING_HELPERS) += test-string_helpers.o
obj-y += kstrtox.o
......
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