Commit cf9b1199 authored by Sargun Dhillon's avatar Sargun Dhillon Committed by David S. Miller

samples/bpf: Add test/example of using bpf_probe_write_user bpf helper

This example shows using a kprobe to act as a dnat mechanism to divert
traffic for arbitrary endpoints. It rewrite the arguments to a syscall
while they're still in userspace, and before the syscall has a chance
to copy the argument into kernel space.

Although this is an example, it also acts as a test because the mapped
address is 255.255.255.255:555 -> real address, and that's not a legal
address to connect to. If the helper is broken, the example will fail
on the intermediate steps, as well as the final step to verify the
rewrite of userspace memory succeeded.
Signed-off-by: default avatarSargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Acked-by: default avatarAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
parent 96ae5227
......@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ hostprogs-y += tracex3
hostprogs-y += tracex4
hostprogs-y += tracex5
hostprogs-y += tracex6
hostprogs-y += test_probe_write_user
hostprogs-y += trace_output
hostprogs-y += lathist
hostprogs-y += offwaketime
......@@ -37,6 +38,7 @@ tracex3-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex3_user.o
tracex4-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex4_user.o
tracex5-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex5_user.o
tracex6-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex6_user.o
test_probe_write_user-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o test_probe_write_user_user.o
trace_output-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o trace_output_user.o
lathist-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o lathist_user.o
offwaketime-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o offwaketime_user.o
......@@ -59,6 +61,7 @@ always += tracex3_kern.o
always += tracex4_kern.o
always += tracex5_kern.o
always += tracex6_kern.o
always += test_probe_write_user_kern.o
always += trace_output_kern.o
always += tcbpf1_kern.o
always += lathist_kern.o
......@@ -85,6 +88,7 @@ HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex3 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex4 += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex5 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex6 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_test_probe_write_user += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_trace_output += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_lathist += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_offwaketime += -lelf
......
/* Copyright (c) 2016 Sargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include "bpf_helpers.h"
struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") dnat_map = {
.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_HASH,
.key_size = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in),
.value_size = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in),
.max_entries = 256,
};
/* kprobe is NOT a stable ABI
* kernel functions can be removed, renamed or completely change semantics.
* Number of arguments and their positions can change, etc.
* In such case this bpf+kprobe example will no longer be meaningful
*
* This example sits on a syscall, and the syscall ABI is relatively stable
* of course, across platforms, and over time, the ABI may change.
*/
SEC("kprobe/sys_connect")
int bpf_prog1(struct pt_regs *ctx)
{
struct sockaddr_in new_addr, orig_addr = {};
struct sockaddr_in *mapped_addr;
void *sockaddr_arg = (void *)PT_REGS_PARM2(ctx);
int sockaddr_len = (int)PT_REGS_PARM3(ctx);
if (sockaddr_len > sizeof(orig_addr))
return 0;
if (bpf_probe_read(&orig_addr, sizeof(orig_addr), sockaddr_arg) != 0)
return 0;
mapped_addr = bpf_map_lookup_elem(&dnat_map, &orig_addr);
if (mapped_addr != NULL) {
memcpy(&new_addr, mapped_addr, sizeof(new_addr));
bpf_probe_write_user(sockaddr_arg, &new_addr,
sizeof(new_addr));
}
return 0;
}
char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
u32 _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;
#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "libbpf.h"
#include "bpf_load.h"
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
int main(int ac, char **argv)
{
int serverfd, serverconnfd, clientfd;
socklen_t sockaddr_len;
struct sockaddr serv_addr, mapped_addr, tmp_addr;
struct sockaddr_in *serv_addr_in, *mapped_addr_in, *tmp_addr_in;
char filename[256];
char *ip;
serv_addr_in = (struct sockaddr_in *)&serv_addr;
mapped_addr_in = (struct sockaddr_in *)&mapped_addr;
tmp_addr_in = (struct sockaddr_in *)&tmp_addr;
snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
return 1;
}
assert((serverfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) > 0);
assert((clientfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) > 0);
/* Bind server to ephemeral port on lo */
memset(&serv_addr, 0, sizeof(serv_addr));
serv_addr_in->sin_family = AF_INET;
serv_addr_in->sin_port = 0;
serv_addr_in->sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_LOOPBACK);
assert(bind(serverfd, &serv_addr, sizeof(serv_addr)) == 0);
sockaddr_len = sizeof(serv_addr);
assert(getsockname(serverfd, &serv_addr, &sockaddr_len) == 0);
ip = inet_ntoa(serv_addr_in->sin_addr);
printf("Server bound to: %s:%d\n", ip, ntohs(serv_addr_in->sin_port));
memset(&mapped_addr, 0, sizeof(mapped_addr));
mapped_addr_in->sin_family = AF_INET;
mapped_addr_in->sin_port = htons(5555);
mapped_addr_in->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("255.255.255.255");
assert(!bpf_update_elem(map_fd[0], &mapped_addr, &serv_addr, BPF_ANY));
assert(listen(serverfd, 5) == 0);
ip = inet_ntoa(mapped_addr_in->sin_addr);
printf("Client connecting to: %s:%d\n",
ip, ntohs(mapped_addr_in->sin_port));
assert(connect(clientfd, &mapped_addr, sizeof(mapped_addr)) == 0);
sockaddr_len = sizeof(tmp_addr);
ip = inet_ntoa(tmp_addr_in->sin_addr);
assert((serverconnfd = accept(serverfd, &tmp_addr, &sockaddr_len)) > 0);
printf("Server received connection from: %s:%d\n",
ip, ntohs(tmp_addr_in->sin_port));
sockaddr_len = sizeof(tmp_addr);
assert(getpeername(clientfd, &tmp_addr, &sockaddr_len) == 0);
ip = inet_ntoa(tmp_addr_in->sin_addr);
printf("Client's peer address: %s:%d\n",
ip, ntohs(tmp_addr_in->sin_port));
/* Is the server's getsockname = the socket getpeername */
assert(memcmp(&serv_addr, &tmp_addr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) == 0);
return 0;
}
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