Commit 2c451f78 authored by Aneesh V's avatar Aneesh V Committed by Albert ARIBAUD

armv7: cache maintenance operations for armv7

- Add a framework for layered cache maintenance
	- separate out SOC specific outer cache maintenance from
	  maintenance of caches known to CPU

- Add generic ARMv7 cache maintenance operations that affect all
  caches known to ARMv7 CPUs. For instance in Cortex-A8 these
  opertions will affect both L1 and L2 caches. In Cortex-A9
  these will affect only L1 cache

- D-cache operations supported:
	- Invalidate entire D-cache
	- Invalidate D-cache range
	- Flush(clean & invalidate) entire D-cache
	- Flush D-cache range
- I-cache operations supported:
	- Invalidate entire I-cache

- Add maintenance functions for TLB, branch predictor array etc.

- Enable -march=armv7-a so that armv7 assembly instructions can be
  used
Signed-off-by: default avatarAneesh V <aneesh@ti.com>
parent 4c93da7c
......@@ -460,6 +460,11 @@ The following options need to be configured:
Note: If a "bootargs" environment is defined, it will overwride
the defaults discussed just above.
- Cache Configuration:
CONFIG_SYS_ICACHE_OFF - Do not enable instruction cache in U-Boot
CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF - Do not enable data cache in U-Boot
CONFIG_SYS_L2CACHE_OFF- Do not enable L2 cache in U-Boot
- Serial Ports:
CONFIG_PL010_SERIAL
......
......@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@ include $(TOPDIR)/config.mk
LIB = $(obj)lib$(CPU).o
START := start.o
COBJS := cpu.o
COBJS := cpu.o cache_v7.o
COBJS += syslib.o
SRCS := $(START:.o=.S) $(COBJS:.o=.c)
......
/*
* (C) Copyright 2010
* Texas Instruments, <www.ti.com>
* Aneesh V <aneesh@ti.com>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <common.h>
#include <asm/armv7.h>
#include <asm/utils.h>
#define ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_ALL 1
#define ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_ALL 2
#define ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_RANGE 3
#define ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_RANGE 4
#ifndef CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF
/*
* Write the level and type you want to Cache Size Selection Register(CSSELR)
* to get size details from Current Cache Size ID Register(CCSIDR)
*/
static void set_csselr(u32 level, u32 type)
{ u32 csselr = level << 1 | type;
/* Write to Cache Size Selection Register(CSSELR) */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 2, %0, c0, c0, 0" : : "r" (csselr));
}
static u32 get_ccsidr(void)
{
u32 ccsidr;
/* Read current CP15 Cache Size ID Register */
asm volatile ("mrc p15, 1, %0, c0, c0, 0" : "=r" (ccsidr));
return ccsidr;
}
static u32 get_clidr(void)
{
u32 clidr;
/* Read current CP15 Cache Level ID Register */
asm volatile ("mrc p15,1,%0,c0,c0,1" : "=r" (clidr));
return clidr;
}
static void v7_inval_dcache_level_setway(u32 level, u32 num_sets,
u32 num_ways, u32 way_shift,
u32 log2_line_len)
{
int way, set, setway;
/*
* For optimal assembly code:
* a. count down
* b. have bigger loop inside
*/
for (way = num_ways - 1; way >= 0 ; way--) {
for (set = num_sets - 1; set >= 0; set--) {
setway = (level << 1) | (set << log2_line_len) |
(way << way_shift);
/* Invalidate data/unified cache line by set/way */
asm volatile (" mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c6, 2"
: : "r" (setway));
}
}
/* DMB to make sure the operation is complete */
CP15DMB;
}
static void v7_clean_inval_dcache_level_setway(u32 level, u32 num_sets,
u32 num_ways, u32 way_shift,
u32 log2_line_len)
{
int way, set, setway;
/*
* For optimal assembly code:
* a. count down
* b. have bigger loop inside
*/
for (way = num_ways - 1; way >= 0 ; way--) {
for (set = num_sets - 1; set >= 0; set--) {
setway = (level << 1) | (set << log2_line_len) |
(way << way_shift);
/*
* Clean & Invalidate data/unified
* cache line by set/way
*/
asm volatile (" mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c14, 2"
: : "r" (setway));
}
}
/* DMB to make sure the operation is complete */
CP15DMB;
}
static void v7_maint_dcache_level_setway(u32 level, u32 operation)
{
u32 ccsidr;
u32 num_sets, num_ways, log2_line_len, log2_num_ways;
u32 way_shift;
set_csselr(level, ARMV7_CSSELR_IND_DATA_UNIFIED);
ccsidr = get_ccsidr();
log2_line_len = ((ccsidr & CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_MASK) >>
CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_OFFSET) + 2;
/* Converting from words to bytes */
log2_line_len += 2;
num_ways = ((ccsidr & CCSIDR_ASSOCIATIVITY_MASK) >>
CCSIDR_ASSOCIATIVITY_OFFSET) + 1;
num_sets = ((ccsidr & CCSIDR_NUM_SETS_MASK) >>
CCSIDR_NUM_SETS_OFFSET) + 1;
/*
* According to ARMv7 ARM number of sets and number of ways need
* not be a power of 2
*/
log2_num_ways = log_2_n_round_up(num_ways);
way_shift = (32 - log2_num_ways);
if (operation == ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_ALL) {
v7_inval_dcache_level_setway(level, num_sets, num_ways,
way_shift, log2_line_len);
} else if (operation == ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_ALL) {
v7_clean_inval_dcache_level_setway(level, num_sets, num_ways,
way_shift, log2_line_len);
}
}
static void v7_maint_dcache_all(u32 operation)
{
u32 level, cache_type, level_start_bit = 0;
u32 clidr = get_clidr();
for (level = 0; level < 7; level++) {
cache_type = (clidr >> level_start_bit) & 0x7;
if ((cache_type == ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_DATA_ONLY) ||
(cache_type == ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_INSTRUCTION_DATA) ||
(cache_type == ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_UNIFIED))
v7_maint_dcache_level_setway(level, operation);
level_start_bit += 3;
}
}
static void v7_dcache_clean_inval_range(u32 start,
u32 stop, u32 line_len)
{
u32 mva;
/* Align start to cache line boundary */
start &= ~(line_len - 1);
for (mva = start; mva < stop; mva = mva + line_len) {
/* DCCIMVAC - Clean & Invalidate data cache by MVA to PoC */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c14, 1" : : "r" (mva));
}
}
static void v7_dcache_inval_range(u32 start, u32 stop, u32 line_len)
{
u32 mva;
/*
* If start address is not aligned to cache-line flush the first
* line to prevent affecting somebody else's buffer
*/
if (start & (line_len - 1)) {
v7_dcache_clean_inval_range(start, start + 1, line_len);
/* move to next cache line */
start = (start + line_len - 1) & ~(line_len - 1);
}
/*
* If stop address is not aligned to cache-line flush the last
* line to prevent affecting somebody else's buffer
*/
if (stop & (line_len - 1)) {
v7_dcache_clean_inval_range(stop, stop + 1, line_len);
/* align to the beginning of this cache line */
stop &= ~(line_len - 1);
}
for (mva = start; mva < stop; mva = mva + line_len) {
/* DCIMVAC - Invalidate data cache by MVA to PoC */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c6, 1" : : "r" (mva));
}
}
static void v7_dcache_maint_range(u32 start, u32 stop, u32 range_op)
{
u32 line_len, ccsidr;
ccsidr = get_ccsidr();
line_len = ((ccsidr & CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_MASK) >>
CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_OFFSET) + 2;
/* Converting from words to bytes */
line_len += 2;
/* converting from log2(linelen) to linelen */
line_len = 1 << line_len;
switch (range_op) {
case ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_RANGE:
v7_dcache_clean_inval_range(start, stop, line_len);
break;
case ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_RANGE:
v7_dcache_inval_range(start, stop, line_len);
break;
}
/* DMB to make sure the operation is complete */
CP15DMB;
}
/* Invalidate TLB */
static void v7_inval_tlb(void)
{
/* Invalidate entire unified TLB */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c8, c7, 0" : : "r" (0));
/* Invalidate entire data TLB */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c8, c6, 0" : : "r" (0));
/* Invalidate entire instruction TLB */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c8, c5, 0" : : "r" (0));
/* Full system DSB - make sure that the invalidation is complete */
CP15DSB;
/* Full system ISB - make sure the instruction stream sees it */
CP15ISB;
}
void invalidate_dcache_all(void)
{
v7_maint_dcache_all(ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_ALL);
v7_outer_cache_inval_all();
}
/*
* Performs a clean & invalidation of the entire data cache
* at all levels
*/
void flush_dcache_all(void)
{
v7_maint_dcache_all(ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_ALL);
v7_outer_cache_flush_all();
}
/*
* Invalidates range in all levels of D-cache/unified cache used:
* Affects the range [start, stop - 1]
*/
void invalidate_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop)
{
v7_dcache_maint_range(start, stop, ARMV7_DCACHE_INVAL_RANGE);
v7_outer_cache_inval_range(start, stop);
}
/*
* Flush range(clean & invalidate) from all levels of D-cache/unified
* cache used:
* Affects the range [start, stop - 1]
*/
void flush_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop)
{
v7_dcache_maint_range(start, stop, ARMV7_DCACHE_CLEAN_INVAL_RANGE);
v7_outer_cache_flush_range(start, stop);
}
void arm_init_before_mmu(void)
{
v7_outer_cache_enable();
invalidate_dcache_all();
v7_inval_tlb();
}
/*
* Flush range from all levels of d-cache/unified-cache used:
* Affects the range [start, start + size - 1]
*/
void flush_cache(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
{
flush_dcache_range(start, start + size);
}
#else /* #ifndef CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF */
void invalidate_dcache_all(void)
{
}
void flush_dcache_all(void)
{
}
void invalidate_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop)
{
}
void flush_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop)
{
}
void arm_init_before_mmu(void)
{
}
void flush_cache(unsigned long start, unsigned long size)
{
}
#endif /* #ifndef CONFIG_SYS_DCACHE_OFF */
#ifndef CONFIG_SYS_ICACHE_OFF
/* Invalidate entire I-cache and branch predictor array */
void invalidate_icache_all(void)
{
/*
* Invalidate all instruction caches to PoU.
* Also flushes branch target cache.
*/
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c5, 0" : : "r" (0));
/* Invalidate entire branch predictor array */
asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c5, 6" : : "r" (0));
/* Full system DSB - make sure that the invalidation is complete */
CP15DSB;
/* ISB - make sure the instruction stream sees it */
CP15ISB;
}
#else
void invalidate_icache_all(void)
{
}
#endif
/*
* Stub implementations for outer cache operations
*/
void __v7_outer_cache_enable(void)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_enable(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_enable")));
void __v7_outer_cache_disable(void)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_disable(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_disable")));
void __v7_outer_cache_flush_all(void)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_flush_all(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_flush_all")));
void __v7_outer_cache_inval_all(void)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_inval_all(void)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_inval_all")));
void __v7_outer_cache_flush_range(u32 start, u32 end)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_flush_range(u32 start, u32 end)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_flush_range")));
void __v7_outer_cache_inval_range(u32 start, u32 end)
{
}
void v7_outer_cache_inval_range(u32 start, u32 end)
__attribute__((weak, alias("__v7_outer_cache_inval_range")));
/*
* (C) Copyright 2010
* Texas Instruments, <www.ti.com>
* Aneesh V <aneesh@ti.com>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#ifndef ARMV7_H
#define ARMV7_H
#include <linux/types.h>
/* CCSIDR */
#define CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_OFFSET 0
#define CCSIDR_LINE_SIZE_MASK 0x7
#define CCSIDR_ASSOCIATIVITY_OFFSET 3
#define CCSIDR_ASSOCIATIVITY_MASK (0x3FF << 3)
#define CCSIDR_NUM_SETS_OFFSET 13
#define CCSIDR_NUM_SETS_MASK (0x7FFF << 13)
/*
* Values for InD field in CSSELR
* Selects the type of cache
*/
#define ARMV7_CSSELR_IND_DATA_UNIFIED 0
#define ARMV7_CSSELR_IND_INSTRUCTION 1
/* Values for Ctype fields in CLIDR */
#define ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_NO_CACHE 0
#define ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_INSTRUCTION_ONLY 1
#define ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_DATA_ONLY 2
#define ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_INSTRUCTION_DATA 3
#define ARMV7_CLIDR_CTYPE_UNIFIED 4
/*
* CP15 Barrier instructions
* Please note that we have separate barrier instructions in ARMv7
* However, we use the CP15 based instructtions because we use
* -march=armv5 in U-Boot
*/
#define CP15ISB asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c5, 4" : : "r" (0))
#define CP15DSB asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c10, 4" : : "r" (0))
#define CP15DMB asm volatile ("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c10, 5" : : "r" (0))
void v7_outer_cache_enable(void);
void v7_outer_cache_disable(void);
void v7_outer_cache_flush_all(void);
void v7_outer_cache_inval_all(void);
void v7_outer_cache_flush_range(u32 start, u32 end);
void v7_outer_cache_inval_range(u32 start, u32 end);
#endif
/*
* (C) Copyright 2010
* Texas Instruments, <www.ti.com>
* Aneesh V <aneesh@ti.com>
*
* See file CREDITS for list of people who contributed to this
* project.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
* published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
* MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#ifndef _UTILS_H_
#define _UTILS_H_
static inline s32 log_2_n_round_up(u32 n)
{
s32 log2n = -1;
u32 temp = n;
while (temp) {
log2n++;
temp >>= 1;
}
if (n & (n - 1))
return log2n + 1; /* not power of 2 - round up */
else
return log2n; /* power of 2 */
}
static inline s32 log_2_n_round_down(u32 n)
{
s32 log2n = -1;
u32 temp = n;
while (temp) {
log2n++;
temp >>= 1;
}
return log2n;
}
#endif
......@@ -413,6 +413,7 @@ void icache_disable(void);
int dcache_status (void);
void dcache_enable (void);
void dcache_disable(void);
void mmu_disable(void);
void relocate_code (ulong, gd_t *, ulong) __attribute__ ((noreturn));
ulong get_endaddr (void);
void trap_init (ulong);
......@@ -611,9 +612,11 @@ ulong video_setmem (ulong);
/* arch/$(ARCH)/lib/cache.c */
void flush_cache (unsigned long, unsigned long);
void flush_dcache_all(void);
void flush_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop);
void invalidate_dcache_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long stop);
void invalidate_dcache_all(void);
void invalidate_icache_all(void);
/* arch/$(ARCH)/lib/ticks.S */
unsigned long long get_ticks(void);
......
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